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1
1496-1545

  • یک مثال ای دل پی فرقی بیار ** تا بدانی جبر را از اختیار
  • O heart, bring (forward) a parable for the sake of (illustrating) a difference, that thou mayst know (what distinguishes) compulsion from free-will.
  • دست کان لرزان بود از ارتعاش ** و آن که دستی را تو لرزانی ز جاش‌‌
  • (Take the case of) a hand that is shaking from (morbid or involuntary) tremor and (the case of) a person whose hand you cause to shake (by knocking it away) from its place.
  • هر دو جنبش آفریده‌‌ی حق شناس ** لیک نتوان کرد این با آن قیاس‌‌
  • Know that both (these) movements are created by God, but it is impossible to compare the latter with the former.
  • ز آن پشیمانی که لرزانیدی‌‌اش ** مرتعش را کی پشیمان دیدی‌‌اش‌‌
  • You are sorry for having caused it (his hand) to shake: when did you see the man afflicted with (a morbid) tremor (to be) sorry?
  • بحث عقل است این چه عقل آن حیله‌‌گر ** تا ضعیفی ره برد آن جا مگر 1500
  • This is the intellectual quest— (but) what (sort of) intellect is that ingenious one? (The object of its quest is) perchance (by its means) a man of weak understanding may find his way to that place (gain some idea of the truth).
  • بحث عقلی گر در و مرجان بود ** آن دگر باشد که بحث جان بود
  • (Yet) the intellectual quest, though it be (fine as) pearls and coral, is other than the spiritual quest.
  • بحث جان اندر مقامی دیگر است ** باده‌‌ی جان را قوامی دیگر است‌‌
  • The spiritual quest is on another plane: the spiritual wine has another consistency.
  • آن زمان که بحث عقلی ساز بود ** این عمر با بو الحکم هم راز بود
  • At the time when the intellectual quest was in keeping (with the circumstances), this ‘Umar was intimate with Bu ’l-Hakam,
  • چون عمر از عقل آمد سوی جان ** بو الحکم بو جهل شد در حکم آن‌‌
  • (But) when ‘Umar went away from intellect towards spirit, Bu ’l-Hakam became Bú Jahl (the father of ignorance) in the case of that (spiritual quest).
  • سوی حس و سوی عقل او کامل است ** گر چه خود نسبت به جان او جاهل است‌‌ 1505
  • He is perfect on the side of sense-perception and understanding, though indeed he is ignorant in regard to the spirit.
  • بحث عقل و حس اثر دان یا سبب ** بحث جانی یا عجب یا بو العجب‌‌
  • Know that the quest of the intellect and the senses is (concerned with) effects or secondary causes. The spiritual quest is either wonder or the father of wonder (either wonderful or beyond wonder).
  • ضوء جان آمد نماند ای مستضی ** لازم و ملزوم و نافی مقتضی‌‌
  • The illumination of the spirit comes: (then) there remains not, O thou who seekest illumination, conclusion and premise or that which contradicts (a statement) (or) that which renders (its acceptance) necessary,
  • ز آن که بینایی که نورش بازغ است ** از دلیل چون عصا بس فارغ است‌‌
  • Because the seer on whom His (God's) Light is dawning is quite independent of the (logical) proof which resembles a (blind man's) staff.
  • تفسیر و هو معکم أين ما کنتم
  • Commentary on “And He is with you wheresoever ye be.”
  • بار دیگر ما به قصه آمدیم ** ما از آن قصه برون خود کی شدیم‌‌
  • Once more we come back to the tale: when, indeed, did we go forth from the tale?
  • گر به جهل آییم آن زندان اوست ** ور به علم آییم آن ایوان اوست‌‌ 1510
  • If we come to ignorance, that is His prison, and if we come to knowledge, that is His palace;
  • ور به خواب آییم مستان وی‌‌ایم ** ور به بیداری به دستان وی‌‌ایم‌‌
  • And if we come to sleep, we are His intoxicated ones; and if to wakefulness, we are in His hands;
  • ور بگرییم ابر پر زرق وی‌‌ایم ** ور بخندیم آن زمان برق وی‌‌ایم‌‌
  • And if we weep, we are His cloud shedding rain-drops abundantly; and if we laugh, at that time we are His lightning;
  • ور به خشم و جنگ عکس قهر اوست ** ور به صلح و عذر عکس مهر اوست‌‌
  • And if (we come) to wrath and war, ’tis the reflexion of His Might; and if to peace and forgiveness, ’tis the reflexion of His Love.
  • ما که‌‌ایم اندر جهان پیچ پیچ ** چون الف او خود چه دارد هیچ هیچ‌‌
  • Who are we? In this tangled (complex) world what (thing other than He) indeed hath He (who is single) like alif? Nothing, nothing.
  • سؤال کردن رسول روم از عمر از سبب ابتلای ارواح با این آب و گل اجساد
  • How the ambassador asked ‘Umar, may God be well-pleased with him, concerning the cause of the tribulation suffered by spirits in this clay of the body.
  • گفت یا عمر چه حکمت بود و سر ** حبس آن صافی در این جای کدر 1515
  • He said, “O ‘Umar, what was the wisdom and mystery of imprisoning that pure one (the spirit) in this dirty place?
  • آب صافی در گلی پنهان شده ** جان صافی بسته‌‌ی ابدان شده‌‌
  • The pure water has become hidden in mud: the pure spirit has become bound in bodies.”
  • گفت تو بحثی شگرفی می‌‌کنی ** معنیی را بند حرفی می‌‌کنی‌‌
  • He (‘Umar) said, “Thou art making a profound inquiry, thou art confining a meaning in a word.
  • حبس کردی معنی آزاد را ** بند حرفی کرده ای تو یاد را
  • Thou hast imprisoned the free (unconditioned) meaning, thou hast bound the wind in a word.
  • از برای فایده این کرده‌‌ای ** تو که خود از فایده در پرده‌‌ای‌‌
  • This thou hast done for a benefit (good purpose), O thou who thyself art blind to the benefit (good purpose) of God.
  • آن که از وی فایده زاییده شد ** چون نبیند آن چه ما را دیده شد 1520
  • He from whom (every) benefit was born, how should He not see that which was seen by us?
  • صد هزاران فایده ست و هر یکی ** صد هزاران پیش آن یک اندکی‌‌
  • There are myriads of benefits, and every myriad is (but) a few beside that one.
  • آن دم نطقت که جزو جزوهاست ** فایده شد کل کل خالی چراست‌‌
  • The breath of thy speech, which is a part of the parts (bodily members), became beneficial: why (then) is the whole of the whole (the universal connexion of spirit and body) devoid (of benefit)?
  • تو که جزوی کار تو با فایده ست ** پس چرا در طعن کل آری تو دست‌‌
  • Thou who art a part—thy act (of speaking) is beneficial: why (then) dost thou lift thy hand to assail the whole?
  • گفت را گر فایده نبود مگو ** ور بود هل اعتراض و شکر جو
  • If there is no benefit in speech, do not speak; and if there is, leave off making objections, and endeavour to give thanks.”
  • شکر یزدان طوق هر گردن بود ** نه جدال و رو ترش کردن بود 1525
  • Thanksgiving to God is a collar on every neck (every one's duty); it is not (thanksgiving) to dispute and make one's face look sour.
  • گر ترش رو بودن آمد شکر و بس ** پس چو سرکه شکر گویی نیست کس‌‌
  • If thanksgiving is only to look sour, then there is no thanks-giver like vinegar.
  • سرکه را گر راه باید در جگر ** گو بشو سرکنگبین او از شکر
  • If vinegar wants (to find) the way to the liver, let it become oxymel by (being mixed with) sugar.
  • معنی اندر شعر جز با خبط نیست ** چون قلاسنگ است اندر ضبط نیست‌‌
  • The meaning in poetry has no sureness of direction: it is like the sling, it is not under control.
  • در معنی آن که من أراد أن یجلس مع الله فلیجلس مع أهل التصوف‌‌
  • On the inner sense of “Let him who desires to sit with God sit with the Súfís.”
  • آن رسول از خود بشد زین یک دو جام ** نه رسالت یاد ماندش نه پیام‌‌
  • The ambassador became beside himself from these one or two cups (of spiritual discourse): neither embassage nor message remained in his memory.
  • واله اندر قدرت الله شد ** آن رسول اینجا رسید و شاه شد 1530
  • He became distraught at the power of God. The ambassador arrived at this place (state) and became a king.
  • سیل چون آمد به دریا بحر گشت ** دانه چون آمد به مزرع گشت کشت‌‌
  • When the torrent reached the sea, it became the sea; when the seed reached the cornland, it became the crop of corn.
  • چون تعلق یافت نان با بو البشر ** نان مرده زنده گشت و با خبر
  • When the bread attained to connexion with Man, the dead bread became living and endowed with knowledge.
  • موم و هیزم چون فدای نار شد ** ذات ظلمانی او انوار شد
  • When the wax and firewood were devoted to the fire, their dark essence became (filled with) light.
  • سنگ سرمه چون که شد در دیده‌‌گان ** گشت بینایی شد آن جا دیدبان‌‌
  • When the (powdered) stone of antimony went into the eyes, it turned to sight and there became a scout (one who observes the enemy from some point of vantage).
  • ای خنک آن مرد کز خود رسته شد ** در وجود زنده‌‌ای پیوسته شد 1535
  • Oh, happy is the man who was freed from himself and united with the existence of a living one!
  • وای آن زنده که با مرده نشست ** مرده گشت و زندگی از وی بجست‌‌
  • Alas for the living one who consorted with the dead! He became dead, and life sped away from him.
  • چون تو در قرآن حق بگریختی ** با روان انبیا آمیختی‌‌
  • When you have fled (for refuge) to the Qur’án of God, you have mingled with the spirit of the prophets.
  • هست قرآن حالهای انبیا ** ماهیان بحر پاک کبریا
  • The Qur’án is (a description of) the states of the prophets, (who are) the fishes of the holy sea of (Divine) Majesty.
  • ور بخوانی و نه‌‌ای قرآن پذیر ** انبیا و اولیا را دیده گیر
  • And if you read and do not accept (take to heart) the Qur’án, suppose you have seen the prophets and saints (what will that avail you?);
  • ور پذیرایی چو بر خوانی قصص ** مرغ جانت تنگ آید در قفص‌‌ 1540
  • But if you are accepting (the Qur’án), when you read the stories (of the prophets), the bird, your soul, will be distressed in its cage.
  • مرغ کاو اندر قفس زندانی است ** می‌‌نجوید رستن از نادانی است‌‌
  • The bird that is a prisoner in a cage, (if it) is not seeking to escape, ’tis from ignorance.
  • روحهایی کز قفسها رسته‌‌اند ** انبیای رهبر شایسته‌‌اند
  • The spirits which have escaped from their cages are the prophets, (those) worthy guides.
  • از برون آوازشان آید ز دین ** که ره رستن ترا این است این‌‌
  • From without comes their voice, (telling) of religion, (and crying), “This, this is the way of escape for thee.
  • ما به دین رستیم زین ننگین قفس ** جز که این ره نیست چاره‌‌ی این قفس‌‌
  • By this we escaped from this narrow cage: there is no means of escape from this cage but this way,
  • خویش را رنجور سازی زار زار ** تا ترا بیرون کنند از اشتهار 1545
  • (That) thou shouldst make thyself ill, exceedingly wretched, in order that thou mayst be let out from (the cage of) reputation.”