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2
1806-1855

  • از وجود او گل و میوه نرست ** جز فساد جمله پاکیها نجست‏
  • (That) flowers and fruit did not grow from his being, (and that) he sought (and achieved) nothing but the corruption of all purities,
  • گفت واپس رفته‏ام من در ذهاب ** حسرتا یا لیتنی کنت تراب‏
  • He said, “I have gone backwards in (my) course. Alas! would that I had (still) been earth!
  • کاش از خاکی سفر نگزیدمی ** همچو خاکی دانه‏ای می‏چیدمی‏
  • Would that I had not chosen to travel away from earthiness, (and that) like a clod of earth I had gathered some grain!
  • چون سفر کردم مرا راه آزمود ** زین سفر کردن ره آوردم چه بود
  • When I travelled, the Way tried me: what was the present I brought (home) from this travelling?”
  • ز آن همه میلش سوی خاک است کاو ** در سفر سودی نبیند پیش رو 1810
  • ’Tis from all that propensity of his towards earth that he sees before him no profit in the journey.
  • روی واپس کردنش آن حرص و آز ** روی در ره کردنش صدق و نیاز
  • His turning his face back is that greed and cupidity (of his); his turning his face to the Way is sincerity and supplication.
  • هر گیا را کش بود میل علا ** در مزید است و حیات و در نما
  • Every herb that has a propensity for (moving) upwards is in (the state of) increase and life and growth;
  • چون که گردانید سر سوی زمین ** در کمی و خشکی و نقص و غبین‏
  • When it has turned its head towards the earth, (it is) in (the state of) decrease and dryness and failure and disappointment.
  • میل روحت چون سوی بالا بود ** در تزاید مرجعت آن جا بود
  • When the propensity of your spirit is upwards, (you are) in (the state of) increase, and that (lofty) place is the place to which you will return;
  • ور نگون ساری سرت سوی زمین ** آفلی حق لا یحب الآفلین‏ 1815
  • But if you are upside down, (with) your head towards the earth, (then) you are one that sinks: God loves not them that sink.
  • پرسیدن موسی علیه السلام از حق تعالی سر غلبه‏ی ظالمان‏
  • How Moses, on whom be peace, asked the high God (to explain) the secret of the predominance of the unjust.
  • گفت موسی ای کریم کارساز ** ای که یک دم ذکر تو عمر دراز
  • Moses said, “O Bounteous Disposer, O Thou whom to commemorate for one moment is (worth) a long life,
  • نقش کژمژ دیدم اندر آب و گل ** چون ملایک اعتراضی کرد دل‏
  • I have seen the crooked, misshapen image in (the mould of) water and clay, and like the angels, my heart has raised an objection,
  • که چه مقصود است نقشی ساختن ** و اندر او تخم فساد انداختن‏
  • As to what is the purpose of making an image and casting therein the seed of corruption.
  • آتش ظلم و فساد افروختن ** مسجد و سجده کنان را سوختن‏
  • To kindle the fire of iniquity and corruption; to burn the mosque and those who bend low in prayer;
  • مایه‏ی خونابه و زردآبه را ** جوش دادن از برای لابه را 1820
  • To set boiling the source of bloody tears for the sake of (receiving) humble entreaties (from the suffering and oppressed)—
  • من یقین دانم که عین حکمت است ** لیک مقصودم عیان و رویت است‏
  • I know for certain that it is the essence of wisdom (on Thy part), but my aim is (to know this by) actual seeing and vision.
  • آن یقین می‏گویدم خاموش کن ** حرص رویت گویدم نه جوش کن‏
  • That certainty (of mine) says to me, ‘keep silence’; the craving for vision says to me, ‘Make a stir (and outcry).’
  • مر ملایک را نمودی سر خویش ** کاین چنین نوشی همی‏ارزد به نیش‏
  • Thou hast shown Thy secret to the angels, (namely) that such honey as this is worth the sting.
  • عرضه کردی نور آدم را عیان ** بر ملایک گشت مشکلها بیان‏
  • Thou hast displayed the Light of Adam manifestly to the angels, (so that all) the difficulties were explained.
  • حشر تو گوید که سر مرگ چیست ** میوه‏ها گویند سر برگ چیست‏ 1825
  • Thy Resurrection declares what is the secret of death: the fruits declare what is the secret of the leaves.”
  • سر خون و نطفه حسن آدمی است ** سابق هر بیشیی آخر کمی است‏
  • The secret of blood and seed is the excellence of Man; after all, inferiority is antecedent to every superiority.
  • لوح را اول بشوید بی‏وقوف ** آن گهی بروی نویسد او حروف‏
  • The ignorant (child) first washes the tablet, then he writes the letters upon it.
  • خون کند دل را و اشک مستهان ** بر نویسد بر وی اسرار آن گهان‏
  • (So) He (God) turns the heart into blood and abject tears, then He writes the (spiritual) mysteries upon it.
  • وقت شستن لوح را باید شناخت ** که مر آن را دفتری خواهند ساخت‏
  • At the time of washing the tablet (of the heart) one must recognise that it will be made into a book (of mysteries).
  • چون اساس خانه‏ای می‏افگنند ** اولین بنیاد را بر می‏کنند 1830
  • When they lay the foundation of a house (to rebuild it), they dig up the first foundation.
  • گل بر آرند اول از قعر زمین ** تا به آخر بر کشی ماء معین‏
  • (Also), people first fetch up clay from the depths of the earth in order that at last you may draw up flowing water.
  • از حجامت کودکان گریند زار ** که نمی‏دانند ایشان سر کار
  • Children weep piteously at cupping, for they know not the secret of the matter;
  • مرد خود زر می‏دهد حجام را ** می‏نوازد نیش خون آشام را
  • (But) a man, in sooth, gives the cupper gold and fondles the blood-drinking lancet.
  • می‏دود حمال زی بار گران ** می‏رباید بار را از دیگران‏
  • The porter runs to the heavy load: he snatches the load from others.
  • جنگ حمالان برای بار بین ** این چنین است اجتهاد کار بین‏ 1835
  • Behold the struggle of the porters for the load! Such is the endeavour of him that sees (the truth of) things,
  • چون گرانیها اساس راحت است ** تلخها هم پیشوای نعمت است‏
  • Inasmuch as burdens are the foundation of ease, and bitter things, too, are the forerunners of enjoyment.
  • حفت الجنة بمکروهاتنا ** حفت النیران من شهواتنا
  • Paradise is compassed about with the things we dislike (to do); the fires (of Hell) are compassed about with our lusts.
  • تخم مایه‏ی آتشت شاخ تر است ** سوخته‏ی آتش قرین کوثر است‏
  • The seed (source) of the substance of your fire (of torment) is the fresh bough (of lust); (but) he that is burned by the fire (of renunciation) is the comrade of Kawthar.
  • هر که در زندان قرین محنتی است ** آن جزای لقمه‏ای و شهوتی است‏
  • Whosoever is the comrade of affliction in prison—that is the retribution for a mouthful (of unlawful food) and a lust.
  • هر که در قصری قرین دولتی است ** آن جزای کارزار و محنتی است‏ 1840
  • Whosoever is the comrade of a high fortune in a palace— that is the reward for some battle-field and sore trial.
  • هر که را دیدی به زر و سیم فرد ** دان که اندر کسب کردن صبر کرد
  • Whomsoever you have seen unrivalled in (his store of) gold and silver—know that he has been patient in earning.
  • بی‏سبب بیند چو دیده شد گذار ** تو که در حسی سبب را گوش دار
  • When the (spiritual) eye has become piercing, he (the owner) sees without causes. You who are in (the bondage of) sense-perception, pay you heed to causes!
  • آن که بیرون از طبایع جان اوست ** منصب خرق سببها آن اوست‏
  • He whose spirit is beyond (the world of) natural properties— to him belongs the position of power to rive (the chain of) causes.
  • بی‏سبب بیند نه از آب و گیا ** چشم چشمه‏ی معجزات انبیا
  • The (spiritual) eye regards the fountain of the miracles of the prophets as (being) without cause, not as (arising) from water and herbage.
  • این سبب همچون طبیب است و علیل ** این سبب همچون چراغ است و فتیل‏ 1845
  • These causes are (linked together) like the physician and the sick: these causes are like the lamp and the wick.
  • شب چراغت را فتیل نو بتاب ** پاک دان زینها چراغ آفتاب‏
  • Twist a new wick for your night-lamp, (but) know that the lamp of the sun transcends these things.
  • رو تو کهگل ساز بهر سقف خان ** سقف گردون را ز کهگل پاک دان‏
  • Go you and make plaster for the roof of your house, (but) know that the roof of the sky is undefiled by plaster.
  • اه که چون دل دار ما غم سوز شد ** خلوت شب در گذشت و روز شد
  • Alas that, after our Sweetheart had burned (utterly destroyed) our pain, the night-time of being alone (with Him) passed away and became day!
  • جز به شب جلوه نباشد ماه را ** جز به درد دل مجو دل خواه را
  • Except at night there is no unveiling of the moon: except through heartache do not seek your heart's desire.
  • ترک عیسی کرده خر پرورده‏ای ** لاجرم چون خر برون پرده‏ای‏ 1850
  • Forsaking Jesus, you have fostered the ass: of necessity, like the ass, you are outside of the curtain.
  • طالع عیسی است علم و معرفت ** طالع خر نیست ای تو خر صفت‏
  • Knowledge and gnosis are the fortune of Jesus; they are not the fortune of the ass, O you asinine one!
  • ناله‏ی خر بشنوی رحم آیدت ** پس ندانی خر خری فرمایدت‏
  • You listen to the moaning of the ass, and pity comes over you; do not you know, then (that) the ass commands you to be asinine.
  • رحم بر عیسی کن و بر خر مکن ** طبع را بر عقل خود سرور مکن‏
  • Have pity on Jesus and have no pity on the ass: do not make the (carnal) nature lord over your intellect.
  • طبع را هل تا بگرید زار زار ** تو از او بستان و وام جان گزار
  • Let the (carnal) nature weep sore and bitterly: do you take from it and pay the debt of the (rational) soul.
  • سالها خربنده بودی بس بود ** ز انکه خربنده ز خر واپس بود 1855
  • For years you have been the ass's slave. It is enough, for the ass's slave is behind (even) the ass.