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5
1376-1425

  • چون حریص خوردنی زن خواه زود  ** ورنه آمد گربه و دنبه ربود 
  • Since you are fond of eating and drinking, ask a woman (in marriage) at once; else the cat comes and carries off the fat sheep's tail.
  • بار سنگی بر خری که می‌جهد  ** زود بر نه پیش از آن کو بر نهد 
  • Quickly put a heavy load on the shying ass before it lays (a grievous load of sin) upon (you).
  • فعل آتش را نمی‌دانی تو برد  ** گرد آتش با چنین دانش مگرد 
  • (If) you do not know the effect of fire, hold aloof (from it): do not approach the fire with such (little) knowledge (as you have).
  • علم دیگ و آتش ار نبود ترا  ** از شرر نه دیگ ماند نه ابا 
  • If you have no knowledge of the cooking-pot and the fire, neither the pot nor the soup will be spared by the flames.
  • آب حاضر باید و فرهنگ نیز  ** تا پزد آب دیگ سالم در ازیز  1380
  • Water must be there and skill too, in order that the (contents of the) pot may be safely cooked in boiling.
  • چون ندانی دانش آهنگری  ** ریش و مو سوزد چو آنجا بگذری 
  • If you are ignorant of the science of the ironsmith, your beard and hair will be burned when you pass by that place (the forge).
  • در فرو بست آن زن و خر را کشید  ** شادمانه لاجرم کیفر چشید 
  • Femina januam clausit asinumque animo gaudente attraxit: necessario poenam gustavit. [The woman shut the (stable) door and drew the ass (to her) joyfully; necessarily, she tasted the penalty (for her shameful behavior).]
  • در میان خانه آوردش کشان  ** خفت اندر زیر آن نر خر ستان 
  • In medium stabulum eum trahendo duxit: sub asino decubuit supina [Pulling, she brought it into the middle of the stable: she lay down on (her) back under the male ass]
  • هم بر آن کرسی که دید او از کنیز  ** تا رسد در کام خود آن قحبه نیز 
  • In eadem sella quam viderat ab ancilla (adhibitam), ut ista meretrix quoque voto potiretur. [On the same chair that she saw (used) by the maidservant in order to attain her desire; that whore (did) also.]
  • پا بر آورد و خر اندر ویی سپوخت  ** آتشی از کیر خر در وی فروخت  1385
  • Pedem sustulit, asinus (veretrum) in eam trusit: asini veretro ignis in ea accensus est. [She raised (her) feet and the ass thrust (its penis) into her; a fire (of lust) was kindled in her by the ass’s penis.]
  • خر مدب گشته در خاتون فشرد  ** تا بخایه در زمان خاتون بمرد 
  • Cum asinus eruditus esset, in hera infixit (veretrum) usque ad testiculos: simul hera periit. [The ass had been trained; it pressed (its penis) into the lady up to (its) testicles: the lady died at once.]
  • بر درید از زخم کیر خر جگر  ** روده‌ها بسکسته شد از همدگر 
  • Jecur ejus veretri verbere discissum, viscera inter se dirupta. [(Her) liver was torn by the blow of the ass’s penis; (her) intestines were torn away from each other. ]
  • دم نزد در حال آن زن جان بداد  ** کرسی از یک‌سو زن از یک‌سو فتاد 
  • Extemplo femina, nulla voce facta, animam reddidit: hinc cecidit sella, illinc femina. [She did not utter (anything): the woman gave up (her) soul at once. The chair fell to one side, the woman to (the other) side.]
  • صحن خانه پر ز خون شد زن نگون  ** مرد او و برد جان ریب المنون 
  • Area stabuli sanguine plena, femina inverso capite prostrata: periit, animamque ejus abripuit Fati calamitas. [The floor of the stable became filled with blood, the woman (lay) prostrate: she died and the calamities (of Fate) took (her) life. ]
  • مرگ بد با صد فضیحت ای پدر  ** تو شهیدی دیده‌ای از کیر خر  1390
  • Ecce mors nefanda cum centum opprobriis, O pater: num vidisti (quemquam) de veretro asini martyrem? [An abominable death with a hundred disgraces, O father: have you (ever) seen a martyr (slain) by an ass’s penis?]
  • تو عذاب الخزی بشنو از نبی  ** در چنین ننگی مکن جان را فدی 
  • Hear from the Qur’án (what is) the torment of disgrace: do not sacrifice your life in such a shameful cause.
  • دانک این نفس بهیمی نر خرست  ** زیر او بودن از آن ننگین‌ترست 
  • Know that the male ass is this bestial soul: to be under it is more shameful than that (woman's behaviour).
  • در ره نفس ار بمیری در منی  ** تو حقیقت دان که مثل آن زنی 
  • If you die in egoism in the way of (for the sake of) the fleshly soul, know for certain that you are like that woman.
  • نفس ما را صورت خر بدهد او  ** زانک صورتها کند بر وفق خو 
  • He (God) will give our fleshly soul the form of an ass, because He makes the (outward) forms to be in accordance with the (inward) nature.
  • این بود اظهار سر در رستخیز  ** الله الله از تن چون خر گریز  1395
  • This is the manifestation of the secret at the Resurrection: by God, by God, flee from the ass-like body!
  • کافران را بیم کرد ایزد ز نار  ** کافران گفتند نار اولی ز عار 
  • God terrified (threatened) the unbelievers with the Fire: the unbelievers said, “Better the Fire than shame.”
  • گفت نی آن نار اصل عارهاست  ** هم‌چو این ناری که این زن را بکاست 
  • He said, “Nay, that Fire is the source of (all) shames”—like the fire (of lust) that destroyed this woman.
  • لقمه اندازه نخورد از حرص خود  ** در گلو بگرفت لقمه مرگ بد 
  • In her greed she ate immoderately: the mouthful of an infamous death stuck in her throat (and choked her).
  • لقمه اندازه خور ای مرد حریص  ** گرچه باشد لقمه حلوا و خبیص 
  • Eat (and drink) in moderation, O greedy man, though it be a mouthful of halwá or khabís.
  • حق تعالی داد میزان را زبان  ** هین ز قرآن سوره‌ی رحمن بخوان  1400
  • The high God hath given the balance a tongue (which you must regulate): hark, recite the Súratu’ l-Rahmán (the Chapter of the Merciful) in the Qur’án.
  • هین ز حرص خویش میزان را مهل  ** آز و حرص آمد ترا خصم مضل 
  • Beware, do not in your greed let the balance go: cupidity and greed are enemies that lead you to perdition.
  • حرص جوید کل بر آید او ز کل  ** حرص مپرست ای فجل ابن الفجل 
  • Greed craves all and loses all: do not serve greed, O ignoble son of the ignoble.
  • آن کنیزک می‌شد و می‌گفت آه  ** کردی ای خاتون تو استا را به راه 
  • The maid, whilst she went (on her errand), was saying (to herself), “Ah, mistress, thou hast sent away the expert.
  • کار بی‌استاد خواهی ساختن  ** جاهلانه جان بخواهی باختن 
  • Thou wilt set to work without the expert and wilt foolishly hazard thy life.
  • ای ز من دزدیده علمی ناتمام  ** ننگ آمد که بپرسی حال دام  1405
  • O thou who hast stolen from me an imperfect knowledge, thou wert ashamed to ask about the trap.”
  • هم بچیدی دانه مرغ از خرمنش  ** هم نیفتادی رسن در گردنش 
  • (If) the bird had picked the grain from its stack, the (trap-) cord would not have fallen on its neck (and made it captive).
  • دانه کمتر خور مکن چندین رفو  ** چون کلوا خواندی بخوان لا تسرفوا 
  • Eat less of the grain, do not patch (the body) so much (with food): after having recited eat ye, recite (also) do not exceed,
  • تا خوری دانه نیفتی تو به دام  ** این کند علم و قناعت والسلام 
  • So that you may eat the grain and (yet) not fall into the trap. Knowledge and contentment effect this. And (now) farewell.
  • نعمت از دنیا خورد عاقل نه غم  ** جاهلان محروم مانده در ندم 
  • The wise man gets happiness from the present life, not sorrow, (while) the ignorant are left in disappointment and regret.
  • چون در افتد در گلوشان حبل دام  ** دانه خوردن گشت بر جمله حرام  1410
  • When the trap-cord (of sensuality) falls on their throats, it becomes unlawful (forbidden) to them all to eat the grain.
  • مرغ اندر دام دانه کی خورد  ** دانه چون زهرست در دام ار چرد 
  • How should the bird in the trap eat (enjoy) the grain? The grain in the trap is like poison (to him), if he feed (on it).
  • مرغ غافل می‌خورد دانه ز دام  ** هم‌چو اندر دام دنیا این عوام 
  • (Only) the heedless bird will eat grain from the trap, as these common folk do in the trap of the present world.
  • باز مرغان خبیر هوشمند  ** کرده‌اند از دانه خود را خشک‌بند 
  • Again, the knowing and prudent birds have debarred themselves from the grain;
  • که اندرون دام دانه زهرباست  ** کور آن مرغی که در فخ دانه خواست 
  • For the grain in the trap is poisonous food: blind is the bird that desires the grain in the trap.
  • صاحب دام ابلهان را سر برید  ** وآن ظریفان را به مجلسها کشید  1415
  • The Owner of the trap cut off the heads of the foolish ones, and conducted the clever ones to the (exalted) assembly-places;
  • که از آنها گوشت می‌آید به کار  ** وز ظریفان بانگ و ناله‌ی زیر و زار 
  • For in the former (only) the flesh is serviceable, but in the clever ones (their) song and warble soft and low.
  • پس کنیزک آمد از اشکاف در  ** دید خاتون را به مرده زیر خر 
  • Deinde venit ancilla perque rimam januae heram videt sub asino mortuam. [Then, the maidservant arrived. Through a crack in the door, she saw the lady dead under the ass.]
  • گفت ای خاتون احمق این چه بود  ** گر ترا استاد خود نقشی نمود 
  • “O hera stulta,” inquit, “hoc (facinus ineptum) quid fuit, etsi ea quae perita est technam tibi ostenderat? [She said, “O foolish lady, what was this (foolish deed), even if your teacher showed you a plan (of the method)?]
  • ظاهرش دیدی سرش از تو نهان  ** اوستا ناگشته بگشادی دکان 
  • Technae quod patebat vidisti, tibi ignotum quod latebat: imperita tabernam aperuisti. [You saw its outward (form); its secret (was) hidden from you. Not having become a master (of the craft), you opened the shop.]
  • کیر دیدی هم‌چو شهد و چون خبیص  ** آن کدو را چون ندیدی ای حریص  1420
  • Veretrum tanquam mel vel cibum ex dactylis et butyro comparatum vidisti: cur illam cucurbitam non vidisti, O avida? [You saw the penis, like honey or like dates (cooked with flour and butter): why did you not see the gourd, O greedy one?]
  • یا چون مستغرق شدی در عشق خر  ** آن کدو پنهان بماندت از نظر 
  • Vel cur, cum asini amore obruta esses, cucurbita visu tuo sejuncta manebat? [Or (why), when you were immersed in love for the ass, did the gourd remain hidden from your sight?]
  • ظاهر صنعت بدیدی زوستاد  ** اوستادی برگرفتی شاد شاد 
  • Docta ab ea quae perita est vidisti technae speciem externam: peritiam ipsa valde gaudens assumpsisti.” [You saw the external (form) of the craft from the master, (and then) you assumed expertise very joyfully. ]
  • ای بسا زراق گول بی‌وقوف  ** از ره مردان ندیده غیر صوف 
  • Oh, there is many a stupid ignorant hypocrite who has seen nothing of the Way of the (holy) men except the woollen mantle (súf).
  • ای بسا شوخان ز اندک احتراف  ** از شهان ناموخته جز گفت و لاف 
  • Oh, there are many impudent fellows who, with little practice (in the religious life), have learned from the (spiritual) kings nothing but talk and brag.
  • هر یکی در کف عصا که موسی‌ام  ** می‌دمد بر ابلهان که عیسی‌ام  1425
  • Every one (of them), staff (rod) in hand, says, “I am Moses,” and breathes upon the foolish folk, saying, “I am Jesus.”