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5
1479-1528

  • بس وصیتها بگفتی هر زمان  ** جمع فرزندان خود را آن جوان 
  • That (generous) young man was continually giving many injunctions to all his sons,
  • الله الله قسم مسکین بعد من  ** وا مگیریدش ز حرص خویشتن  1480
  • Saying, “For God's sake, for God's sake, after I am gone, do not on account of your covetousness withhold the portion of the poor,
  • تا بماند بر شما کشت و ثمار  ** در پناه طاعت حق پایدار 
  • So that the crops and fruit may remain (as a) permanent (blessing bestowed) on you under the safeguard of your obedience to God.”
  • دخلها و میوه‌ها جمله ز غیب  ** حق فرستادست بی‌تخمین و ریب 
  • Without surmise or doubt, (it is) God (who) hath sent all produce and fruits from the Unseen.
  • در محل دخل اگر خرجی کنی  ** درگه سودست سودی بر زنی 
  • If you expend something in the place where the produce comes, ’tis the gateway to profit: you will obtain a (great) profit (thereby).
  • ترک اغلب دخل را در کشت‌زار  ** باز کارد که ویست اصل ثمار 
  • The Turk sows the major part of the produce again in the field, because it (the sown field) is the source of the fruits (crops).
  • بیشتر کارد خورد زان اندکی  ** که ندارد در بروییدن شکی  1485
  • He sows most of it and consumes (only) a little, for he has no doubt of its growing.
  • زان بیفشاند به کشتن ترک دست  ** که آن غله‌ش هم زان زمین حاصل شدست 
  • The Turk shakes (moves to and fro) his hand in sowing, because that (former) crop of his has been produced from the same soil.
  • کفشگر هم آنچ افزاید ز نان  ** می‌خرد چرم و ادیم و سختیان 
  • Likewise the shoemaker buys hide and leather and morocco (with) the surplus left over from (what he spends on) bread,
  • که اصول دخلم اینها بوده‌اند  ** هم ازینها می‌گشاید رزق بند 
  • Saying, “These have (always) been the sources of my income: from these, accordingly, my means of livelihood are flowing.”
  • دخل از آنجا آمدستش لاجرم  ** هم در آنجا می‌کند داد و کرم 
  • His income has come from that place: consequently he bestows (it) in the same place with liberality and generosity.
  • این زمین و سختیان پرده‌ست و بس  ** اصل روزی از خدا دان هر نفس  1490
  • This soil (that produces crops) and (this) morocco are only a veil (secondary cause): know that at every moment the (real) source of livelihood is in God.
  • چون بکاری در زمین اصل کار  ** تا بروید هر یکی را صد هزار 
  • When you sow, sow in the soil of the Origin, that for every single (seed) a hundred thousand (blessings) may grow.
  • گیرم اکنون تخم را گر کاشتی  ** در زمینی که سبب پنداشتی 
  • If just now (recently) you have sown seed, (as) I will suppose, in a soil which you thought (would be) a means (of producing crops)—
  • چون دو سه سال آن نروید چون کنی  ** جز که در لابه و دعا کف در زنی 
  • When it (the seed) does not grow during two or three years, how can you do aught but put your hand (to your head) in supplication and prayer?
  • دست بر سر می‌زنی پیش اله  ** دست و سر بر دادن رزقش گواه 
  • You will beat your hand on your head in the presence of God: (your) hand and head bear witness to His giving sustenance;
  • تا بدانی اصل اصل رزق اوست  ** تا همو را جوید آنک رزق‌جوست  1495
  • So that you may know that He is the Source of the source of (all) sustenance, and that the seeker of sustenance may seek only Him.
  • رزق از وی جو مجو از زید و عمرو  ** مستی از وی جو مجو از بنگ و خمر 
  • Seek sustenance from Him, do not seek it from Zayd and ‘Amr: seek intoxication from Him, do not seek it from beng and wine.
  • توانگری زو خو نه از گنج و مال  ** نصرت از وی خواه نه از عم و خال 
  • Desire wealth from Him, not from treasure and possessions: desire aid from Him, not from paternal and maternal uncles.
  • عاقبت زینها بخواهی ماندن  ** هین کرا خواهی در آن دم خواندن 
  • At the last you will be left without (all) these things: hark, unto whom will you call then?
  • این دم او را خوان و باقی را بمان  ** تا تو باشی وارث ملک جهان 
  • Call unto Him now, and leave (all) the rest, that you may inherit the kingdom of the world.
  • چون یفر المرء آید من اخیه  ** یهرب المولود یوما من ابیه  1500
  • When comes (the Day on which) a man shall flee from his brother and on such a Day the son will flee from his father,
  • زان شود هر دوست آن ساعت عدو  ** که بت تو بود و از ره مانع او 
  • In that hour every friend will become your foe, because (in the world) he was your idol and one who hindered (you) from (following) the (right) Way.
  • روی از نقاش رو می‌تافتی  ** چون ز نقشی انس دل می‌یافتی 
  • You were averting your face from the Painter of the face, since you were gaining heart's delight from a (mere) picture.
  • این دم ار یارانت با تو ضد شوند  ** وز تو برگردند و در خصمی روند 
  • If at this (present) time your friends become hostile to you and turn aside from you and quarrel (with you),
  • هین بگو نک روز من پیروز شد  ** آنچ فردا خواست شد امروز شد 
  • Take heed and say, “Lo, my fortune is triumphant: that which would have happened to-morrow (at the Last Judgement) has happened to-day.
  • ضد من گشتند اهل این سرا  ** تا قیامت عین شد پیشین مرا  1505
  • The people of this caravanseray (the world) have become my enemies, in order that the Resurrection might be made clearly visible to me beforehand,
  • پیش از آنک روزگار خود برم  ** عمر با ایشان به پایان آورم 
  • Ere I should lose my time and associate with them to the end of my life.
  • کاله‌ی معیوب بخریده بدم  ** شکر کز عیبش بگه واقف شدم 
  • I had bought defective goods: thanks (to God) that I have become aware of their defectiveness in time,
  • پیش از آن کز دست سرمایه شدی  ** عاقبت معیوب بیرون آمدی 
  • Ere the stock-in-trade should go out of my hands and finally come forth (be exposed) as defective.
  • مال رفته عمر رفته ای نسیب  ** ماه و جان داده پی کاله‌ی معیب 
  • My wealth was (all but) gone, my life was (all but) gone, O man of noble lineage: I had (all but) given away my wealth and life for damaged goods.
  • رخت دادم زر قلبی بستدم  ** شاد شادان سوی خانه می‌شدم  1510
  • I sold my merchandise, I received base gold: I was going home in great jubilation.
  • شکر کین زر قلب پیدا شد کنون  ** پیش از آنک عمر بگذشتی فزون 
  • Thanks (to God) that this gold was shown to be base now, before too much of my life had passed.
  • قلب ماندی تا ابد در گردنم  ** حیف بودی عمر ضایع کردنم 
  • The base coin would have remained (as a shackle) on my neck for ever: to waste my life (thus) would have been an iniquity.
  • چون بگه‌تر قلبی او رو نمود  ** پای خود زو وا کشم من زود زود 
  • Since its (the coin's) baseness has been revealed earlier (in good time), I will step back from it very quickly.”
  • یار تو چون دشمنی پیدا کند  ** گر حقد و رشک او بیرون زند 
  • When your friend displays enmity (and when) the itch of his hatred and jealousy shoots forth (manifests itself),
  • تو از آن اعراض او افغان مکن  ** خویشتن را ابله و نادان مکن  1515
  • Do not bewail his aversion, do not make yourself (do not let yourself behave as) a fool and ignoramus;
  • بلک شکر حق کن و نان بخش کن  ** که نگشتی در جوال او کهن 
  • Nay, thank God and give bread (alms), (in gratitude) that you have not become old (and rotten) in his sack,
  • از جوالش زود بیرون آمدی  ** تا بجویی یار صدق سرمدی 
  • (But) have quickly come out of his sack to seek the true Eternal Friend,
  • نازنین یاری که بعد از مرگ تو  ** رشته‌ی یاری او گردد سه تو 
  • The delectable Friend whose friendship's cord becomes threefold (thrice as strong) after thy death.
  • آن مگر سلطان بود شاه رفیع  ** یا بود مقبول سلطان و شفیع 
  • That friend, in sooth, may be the (Divine) Sultan and exalted King, or he may be one accepted of the Sultan and one who intercedes (with Him).
  • رستی از قلاب و سالوس و دغل  ** غر او دیدی عیان پیش از اجل  1520
  • You are (now) delivered from the false coiner and (his) hypocrisy and fraud: you have seen his tumour (imposture) plainly before death.
  • این جفای خلق با تو در جهان  ** گر بدانی گنج زر آمد نهان 
  • If you understood (aright) this injustice shown towards you by the people in the world, it is a hidden treasure of gold.
  • خلق را با تو چنین بدخو کنند  ** تا ترا ناچار رو آن سو کنند 
  • The people are made to be thus evil-natured towards you, that your face may inevitably be turned Yonder.
  • این یقین دان که در آخر جمله‌شان  ** خصم گردند و عدو و سرکشان 
  • Know this for sure that in the end all of them will become adversaries and foes and rebels.
  • تو بمانی با فغان اندر لحد  ** لا تذرنی فرد خواهان از احد 
  • You will be left in the tomb, lamenting and beseeching the One (God), (and crying), “Do not leave me (here) alone!
  • ای جفاات به ز عهد وافیان  ** هم ز داد تست شهد وافیان  1525
  • O Thou whose harshness is better than the troth of the faithful, the honey (kindness) of the faithful is also from Thy bounty.”
  • بشنو از عقل خود ای انباردار  ** گندم خود را به ارض الله سپار 
  • Hearken to your own reason, O possessor of a granary, and commit your wheat to the earth of Allah,
  • تا شود آمن ز دزد و از شپش  ** دیو را با دیوچه زوتر بکش 
  • That it may be safe from thieves and weevils. Kill the Devil with the leech (of reason) as quickly as possible;
  • کو همی ترساندت هم دم ز فقر  ** هم‌چو کبکش صید کن ای نره صقر 
  • For he is always frightening you with (the threat of) poverty: make him your prey like a partridge, O valiant hawk.