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5
2366-2415

  • گفت از درویشی و تقصیر من  ** که نمی‌یابد خود این بسته‌دهن 
  • He replied, “On account of my poverty and destitution this dumb animal is not getting even straw.”
  • گفت بسپارش به من تو روز چند  ** تا شود در آخر شه زورمند 
  • “Hand him over to me,” said the other, “for a few days, that in the King's stable he may grow strong.”
  • خر بدو بسپرد و آن رحمت‌پرست  ** در میان آخر سلطانش بست 
  • He handed the ass over to him, and that merciful man tethered him in the Sultan's stable.
  • خر ز هر سو مرکب تازی بدید  ** با نوا و فربه و خوب و جدید 
  • The ass saw on every side (of him) Arab horses, well-fed and fat and handsome and glossy;
  • زیر پاشان روفته آبی زده  ** که به وقت وجو به هنگام آمده  2370
  • (He saw the ground) swept (clean) under their feet and sprinkled with water; the straw coming at the (proper) time, and the barley at the hour (when it was expected).
  • خارش و مالش مر اسپان را بدید  ** پوز بالا کرد کای رب مجید 
  • He saw the horses curry-combed and rubbed down. (Then) he lifted up his muzzle, crying, “O glorious Lord,
  • نه که مخلوق توم گیرم خرم  ** از چه زار و پشت ریش و لاغرم 
  • Am not I Thy creature? I grant that I am an ass, (but) wherefore am I wretched, with sores on my back, and lean?
  • شب ز درد پشت و از جوع شکم  ** آرزومندم به مردن دم به دم 
  • At night, because of the pain in my back and the (pangs of) hunger in my belly, I am always wishing to die.
  • حال این اسپان چنین خوش با نوا  ** من چه مخصوصم به تعذیب و بلا 
  • These horses are so happy and prosperous: why am I singled out for torment and tribulation?”
  • ناگهان آوازه‌ی پیگار شد  ** تازیان را وقت زین و کار شد  2375
  • Suddenly came the rumour of war: ’twas the time for the Arab horses to be saddled and brought into action.
  • زخمهای تیر خوردند از عدو  ** رفت پیکانها دریشان سو به سو 
  • They were wounded with arrows by the foe: the barbs entered them on every side.
  • از غزا باز آمدند آن تازیان  ** اندر آخر جمله افتاده ستان 
  • (When) those Arab horses returned from the campaign, they all fell down and lay on their backs in the stable.
  • پایهاشان بسته محکم با نوار  ** نعلبندان ایستاده بر قطار 
  • Their legs were tightly bandaged with (strips of) canvas: the farriers were standing in file,
  • می‌شکافیدند تن‌هاشان بنیش  ** تا برون آرند پیکانها ز ریش 
  • Piercing their bodies with the scalpel in order to extract the barbs from their wounds.
  • آن خر آن را دید و می‌گفت ای خدا  ** من به فقر و عافیت دادم رضا  2380
  • The ass saw (all) that, and was saying, “O God, I am satisfied with poverty and health.
  • زان نوا بیزارم و زان زخم زشت  ** هرکه خواهد عافیت دنیا بهشت 
  • I have no taste for that (plentiful) food and those hideous wounds.” Every one who desires (spiritual) health abandons the world.
  • ناپسندیدن روباه گفتن خر را کی من راضیم به قسمت 
  • How the fox disapproved of the saying of the ass, “I am satisfied with my lot.”
  • گفت روبه جستن رزق حلال  ** فرض باشد از برای امتثال 
  • The fox said, “It is an (indispensable) obligation to seek lawful provision in obedience (to the Divine command).
  • عالم اسباب و چیزی بی‌سبب  ** می‌نباید پس مهم باشد طلب 
  • (This) is the world of means: nothing is obtained without a means: therefore it is important (necessary) to seek (provision).
  • وابتغوا من فضل الله است امر  ** تا نباید غصب کردن هم‌چو نمر 
  • ‘And seek ye of the bounty of God’ is (a Divine) command, lest they (men) should seize (the property of others) by violence, like the leopard.
  • گفت پیغامبر که بر رزق ای فتی  ** در فرو بسته‌ست و بر در قفلها  2385
  • The Prophet hath said, ‘The door is shut against (the arrival of) provision, O youth; and on the door there are locks.’
  • جنبش و آمد شد ما و اکتساب  ** هست مفتاحی بر آن قفل و حجاب 
  • Our movement (exertion) and our going to and fro (in search) and our acquisition is a key to that lock and barrier.
  • بی‌کلید این در گشادن راه نیست  ** بی‌طلب نان سنت الله نیست 
  • Without the key there is no way to open the door: bread without endeavour is not (according to) God's law.”
  • جواب گفتن خر روباه را 
  • How the ass answered the fox.
  • گفت از ضعف توکل باشد آن  ** ورنه بدهد نان کسی که داد جان 
  • He (the ass) replied, “That is (the result) of weak faith; else He who gave (us) life (also) gives (us) bread.
  • هر که جوید پادشاهی و ظفر  ** کم نیاید لقمه‌ی نان ای پسر 
  • Whoever seeks (spiritual) sovereignty and victory, a mouthful of bread will not fail (him), O son.
  • دام و دد جمله همه اکال رزق  ** نه پی کسپ‌اند نه حمال رزق  2390
  • All wild animals, both the herbivorous and the predatory, are devourers of the (Divine) provision: they neither go in quest of work (to get a livelihood) nor do they support (the burden of) providing (for themselves).
  • جمله را رزاق روزی می‌دهد  ** قسمت هر یک به پیشش می‌نهد 
  • The Provider gives their daily bread to all: He lays before each one the portion allotted to him.
  • رزق آید پیش هر که صبر جست  ** رنج کوششها ز بی‌صبری تست 
  • The (Divine) provision comes to every one who seeks (to show) patience: the trouble of making efforts arises from your want of patience.”
  • جواب گفتن روبه خر را 
  • How the fox answered the ass.
  • گفت روبه آن توکل نادرست  ** کم کسی اندر توکل ماهرست 
  • The fox replied, “Such trust in God is exceptional: few are proficient in (the practice of) trust in God.
  • گرد نادر گشتن از نادانی است  ** هر کسی را کی ره سلطانی است 
  • ’Tis (a mark of) ignorance to concern one's self with the exceptional: how is the way to (spiritual) sovereignty (possible) for every one?
  • چون قناعت را پیمبر گنج گفت  ** هر کسی را کی رسد گنج نهفت  2395
  • Since the Prophet hath said that contentment is a treasure, how should the hidden treasure be gained by every one?
  • حد خود بشناس و بر بالا مپر  ** تا نیفتی در نشیب شور و شر 
  • Recognise your (proper) limit and do not fly aloft, lest you fall into the abyss of woe and bane.”
  • جواب گفتن خر روباه را 
  • How the ass answered the fox.
  • گفت این معکوس می‌گویی بدان  ** شور و شر از طمع آید سوی جان 
  • He (the ass) replied, “Know that you are speaking (just) the reverse (of the truth), (for) woe and bane come to the soul from cupidity.
  • از قناعت هیچ کس بی‌جان نشد  ** از حریصی هیچ کس سلطان نشد 
  • No one was (ever) deprived of (spiritual) life by contentment; no one was (ever) made a (spiritual) king by covetousness.
  • نان ز خوکان و سگان نبود دریغ  ** کسپ مردم نیست این باران و میغ 
  • (The daily) bread is not withheld (even) from pigs and dogs: this rain and (these) clouds are not earned by Man.
  • آنچنان که عاشقی بر زرق زار  ** هست عاشق رزق هم بر رزق‌خوار  2400
  • Just as you are pitiably enamoured of the daily bread, so the daily bread is enamoured of its consumer.
  • در تقریر معنی توکل حکایت آن زاهد کی توکل را امتحان می‌کرد از میان اسباب و شهر برون آمد و از قوارع و ره‌گذر خلق دور شد و ببن کوهی مهجوری مفقودی در غایت گرسنگی سر بر سر سنگی نهاد و خفت و با خود گفت توکل کردم بر سبب‌سازی و رزاقی تو و از اسباب منقطع شدم تا ببینم سببیت توکل را 
  • Exposition of the meaning of trust in God, (which is illustrated by) the Story of the ascetic who, making trial of his trust in God, abandoned his property and (native) town and went far away from the beaten tracks and thoroughfares of men to the foot of a remote and inaccessible mountain, (where) in extreme hunger he laid his head upon a stone and fell asleep, saying to himself, ‘I put trust in Thy providing the means (of livelihood) and daily bread; and I cut myself off from (all) means (secondary causes) in order that I may experience the causation of trust in God.’
  • آن یکی زاهد شنود از مصطفی  ** که یقین آید به جان رزق از خدا 
  • A certain ascetic had heard the saying of Mustafá (Mohammed) that the daily bread surely comes from God to the spirit,
  • گر بخواهی ور نخواهی رزق تو  ** پیش تو آید دوان از عشق تو 
  • (And that), whether you will or no, your daily bread comes running to you because it is (so) fond of you.
  • از برای امتحان آن مرد رفت  ** در بیابان نزد کوهی خفت تفت 
  • By way of trial that man went into the desert and immediately lay down near a mountain,
  • که ببینم رزق می‌آید به من  ** تا قوی گردد مرا در رزق ظن 
  • Saying, ‘I will see whether the daily bread will come to me: (my object is) that my belief in the daily bread may become firm.’
  • کاروانی راه گم کرد و کشید  ** سوی کوه آن ممتحن را خفته دید  2405
  • A caravan lost its way and marched towards the mountain: (the travellers) saw lying (there) him who was making the trial.
  • گفت این مرد این طرف چونست عور  ** در بیابان از ره و از شهر دور 
  • (One) said (to another), ‘How is this man destitute here in the wilderness, far from road and town?
  • ای عجب مرده‌ست یا زنده که او  ** می‌نترسد هیچ از گرگ و عدو 
  • Oh, I wonder, is he dead or alive? (Evidently) he has no fear of wolves or enemies.’
  • آمدند و دست بر وی می‌زدند  ** قاصدا چیزی نگفت آن ارجمند 
  • They came on and touched him with their hands: that venerable man deliberately said nothing.
  • هم نجنبید و نجنبانید سر  ** وا نکرد از امتحان هم او بصر 
  • He did not stir, he did not even move his head or open his eyes, because he was making a trial.
  • پس بگفتند این ضعیف بی‌مراد  ** از مجاعت سکته اندر اوفتاد  2410
  • Then they said, ‘This poor disappointed man has had a stroke of apoplexy caused by hunger.’
  • نان بیاوردند و در دیگی طعام  ** تا بریزندش به حلقوم و به کام 
  • They fetched bread and (also) food in a kettle, that they might pour it into his mouth and (down) his throat.
  • پس بقاصد مرد دندان سخت کرد  ** تا ببیند صدق آن میعاد مرد 
  • Thereupon the man purposely clenched his teeth, in order to see (test) the truth of that promise.
  • رحمشان آمد که این بس بی‌نواست  ** وز مجاعت هالک مرگ و فناست 
  • They felt pity for him and said, ‘This man is starving and perishing with hunger and at the point of death’;
  • کارد آوردند قوم اشتافتند  ** بسته دندانهاش را بشکافتند 
  • (So) they brought a knife and hastily made a rift in his closed teeth.
  • ریختند اندر دهانش شوربا  ** می‌فشردند اندرو نان‌پاره‌ها  2415
  • They poured soup into his mouth and forced into it fragments of bread.