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6
491-540

  • از برای حفظ و یاری و نبرد  ** بر ره ناآمن آید شیرمرد 
  • The valiant man enters on the unsafe road for the purpose of protecting and helping and fighting.
  • عرق مردی آنگهی پیدا شود  ** که مسافر همره اعدا شود 
  • The root (innate quality) of manhood (only) becomes apparent at the time when the traveller meets his enemies on the road.
  • چون نبی سیف بودست آن رسول  ** امت او صفدرانند و فحول 
  • Since the Messenger (of Allah) was the Prophet of the sword, (the people of) his community are heroes and champions.
  • مصلحت در دین ما جنگ و شکوه  ** مصلحت در دین عیسی غار و کوه 
  • In our religion the right thing is war and terror; in the religion of Jesus the right thing is (retirement to) cave and mountain.”
  • گفت آری گر بود یاری و زور  ** تا به قوت بر زند بر شر و شور  495
  • He (the fowler) said, “Yes; if one has help (from God) and strength to make a mighty attack on evil and mischief.
  • چون نباشد قوتی پرهیز به  ** در فرار لا یطاق آسان بجه 
  • (But) when there is no strength, ’tis better to abstain: spring easily away in flight from what cannot be endured.”
  • گفت صدق دل بباید کار را  ** ورنه یاران کم نیاید یار را 
  • It (the bird) replied, “Firmness of heart is needed for achievement, but a (firm) friend does not lack friends.
  • یار شو تا یار بینی بی‌عدد  ** زانک بی‌یاران بمانی بی‌مدد 
  • Be a (firm) friend, that you may find friends innumerable; for without friends you will be left helpless.
  • دیو گرگست و تو هم‌چون یوسفی  ** دامن یعقوب مگذار ای صفی 
  • The Devil is a wolf, and you are like Joseph: do not let go Jacob's skirt, O excellent one.
  • گرگ اغلب آنگهی گیرا بود  ** کز رمه شیشک به خود تنها رود  500
  • Generally the wolf seizes (his prey) at the moment when a year-old sheep strays alone by itself from the flock.
  • آنک سنت یا جماعت ترک کرد  ** در چنین مسبع نه خون خویش خورد 
  • He who has abandoned (the performance of) the Sunna with the (Moslem) community, has not he drunk his own blood (exposed himself to destruction) in such a haunt of wild beasts?
  • هست سنت ره جماعت چون رفیق  ** بی‌ره و بی‌یار افتی در مضیق 
  • The Sunna is the (safe) road, and the community are like (your) companions (on the road): without the road and without comrades you will fall into (sore) straits;
  • همرهی نه کو بود خصم خرد  ** فرصتی جوید که جامه‌ی تو برد 
  • (But) not the fellow-traveller who is an enemy to Reason and seeks an opportunity to carry off your clothes,
  • می‌رود با تو که یابد عقبه‌ای  ** که تواند کردت آنجا نهبه‌ای 
  • (And only) goes about with you in order to find a mountain-pass where he can plunder you!
  • یا بود اشتردلی چون دید ترس  ** گوید او بهر رجوع از راه درس  505
  • Nor one who has the (timorous) heart of a camel and, when he feels afraid, instructs (you) to turn back on the road!
  • یار را ترسان کند ز اشتردلی  ** این چنین همره عدو دان نه ولی 
  • By his camel's courage he frightens his comrade: know that such a fellow-traveller is an enemy, not a friend.
  • راه جان‌بازیست و در هر غیشه‌ای  ** آفتی در دفع هر جان‌شیشه‌ای 
  • The road (to God) is self-sacrifice, and in every thicket is a bane to drive back any one whose soul is (brittle) as a glass bottle.
  • راه دین زان رو پر از شور و شرست  ** که نه راه هر مخنث گوهرست 
  • The road of religion is full of trouble and bale for the reason that it is not the road for any one whose nature is effeminate.
  • در ره این ترس امتحانهای نفوس  ** هم‌چو پرویزن به تمییز سبوس 
  • On the road (men's) souls are tried by this terror as a sieve (is used) for sifting bran.
  • راه چه بود پر نشان پایها  ** یار چه بود نردبان رایها  510
  • What is the road? Full of footprints. What is the comrade? The ladder whereby minds ascend.
  • گیرم آن گرگت نیابد ز احتیاط  ** بی ز جمعیت نیابی آن نشاط 
  • I grant that, through (your) taking precautions, the wolf may not find you, (but) without company you will not find that (spiritual) alacrity.
  • آنک تنها در رهی او خوش رود  ** با رفیقان سیر او صدتو شود 
  • He who cheerfully goes alone on a journey—(if he goes) with companions his progress is increased a hundredfold.
  • با غلیظی خر ز یاران ای فقیر  ** در نشاط آید شود قوت‌پذیر 
  • Notwithstanding the grossness of the ass, it (the ass) is exhilarated, O dervish, by comrades (of its own kind) and becomes capable of (exerting) strength.
  • هر خری کز کاروان تنها رود  ** بر وی آن راه از تعب صدتو شود 
  • To any ass that goes alone (and away) from the caravan the road is (made) a hundredfold (longer) by fatigue.
  • چند سیخ و چند چوب افزون خورد  ** تا که تنها آن بیابان را برد  515
  • How many more goadings and cudgellings does it suffer that it may cross the desert (unaccompanied and) alone!
  • مر ترا می‌گوید آن خر خوش شنو  ** گر نه‌ای خر هم‌چنین تنها مرو 
  • That ass is saying to you (implicitly), ‘Take good heed! Don't travel alone like this, unless you are an ass!’
  • آنک تنها خوش رود اندر رصد  ** با رفیقان بی‌گمان خوشتر رود 
  • Beyond doubt he who cheerfully goes alone into the custom-house will go more cheerfully (when he is) with companions.
  • هر نبیی اندرین راه درست  ** معجزه بنمود و همراهان بجست 
  • Every prophet (that walked) on this straight road produced evidentiary miracles and sought fellow-travellers.
  • گر نباشد یاری دیوارها  ** کی برآید خانه و انبارها 
  • Were it not for the help given by the walls, how should houses and magazines arise?
  • هر یکی دیوار اگر باشد جدا  ** سقف چون باشد معلق در هوا  520
  • If each wall be separated (from the others), how shall the roof remain suspended in the air?
  • گر نباشد یاری حبر و قلم  ** کی فتد بر روی کاغذها رقم 
  • If no help be given by ink and pen, how shall the writing come on to the surface of the paper?
  • این حصیری که کسی می‌گسترد  ** گر نپیوندد به هم بادش برد 
  • If this rush-mat which some one is spreading were not joined together (interwoven), the wind would carry it away.
  • حق ز هر جنسی چو زوجین آفرید  ** پس نتایج شد ز جمعیت پدید 
  • Since God created pairs of every kind, therefore (all) results are produced by means of union.”
  • او بگفت و او بگفت از اهتزاز  ** بحثشان شد اندرین معنی دراز 
  • He (the fowler) spoke (on one side) and it (the bird) spoke (on the other side): their debate on this subject was prolonged by the vehemence (with which they argued).
  • مثنوی را چابک و دلخواه کن  ** ماجرا را موجز و کوتاه کن  525
  • Make the Mathnawí nimble and pleasing to the heart: abridge and shorten (their) controversy.
  • بعد از آن گفتش که گندم آن کیست  ** گفت امانت از یتیم بی وصیست 
  • Afterwards, it (the bird) said to him, “Whose is the wheat?” He replied, “It is the deposit of an orphan who has no guardian.
  • مال ایتام است امانت پیش من  ** زانک پندارند ما را متمن 
  • It is orphans' property, deposited with me because people deem me trustworthy.”
  • گفت من مضطرم و مجروح‌حال  ** هست مردار این زمان بر من حلال 
  • The bird said, “I am driven by necessity and in a sore plight: (even) carrion is lawful to me at this moment.
  • هین به دستوری ازین گندم خورم  ** ای امین و پارسا و محترم 
  • Hark, with your permission I will eat of this wheat, O trusty and devout and venerable one.”
  • گفت مفتی ضرورت هم توی  ** بی‌ضرورت گر خوری مجرم شوی  530
  • He replied, “You are the judge of (your) necessity: if you eat without necessity, you will commit a sin;
  • ور ضرورت هست هم پرهیز به  ** ور خوری باری ضمان آن بده 
  • And if the necessity exists, yet ’tis better to abstain; or if you do eat, at any rate give a guarantee for (payment of) it.”
  • مرغ پس در خود فرو رفت آن زمان  ** توسنش سر بستد از جذب عنان 
  • Thereupon the bird pondered deeply, (but) its restive steed took its head (recoiled) from the pull of the rein.
  • چون بخورد آن گندم اندر فخ بماند  ** چند او یاسین و الانعام خواند 
  • When it had eaten the wheat, it remained in the trap: it recited several times (the chapters of the Qur’án entitled) Yásín and al-An‘ám.
  • بعد در ماندن چه افسوس و چه آه  ** پیش از آن بایست این دود سیاه 
  • What is (the use of crying) “Alas” and “Ah me” after being left helpless? This black smoke ought to have been (exhaled) before that (calamity).
  • آن زمان که حرص جنبید و هوس  ** آن زمان می‌گو کای فریادرس  535
  • At the time when greed and desire have stirred (in the heart), at that time keep saying, “(Help me), O Thou who comest at the cry for help!”
  • کان زمان پیش از خرابی بصره است  ** بوک بصره وا رهد هم زان شکست 
  • For that time is prior to the devastation of Basra, and it may be that Basrawill still be saved from that overthrow.
  • ابک لی یا باکیی یا ثاکلی  ** قبل هدم البصرة و الموصل 
  • O thou that wilt weep for me, O thou that wilt be bereft of me, weep for me before the demolition of Basra and Mawsil (Mosul).
  • نح علی قبل موتی واغتفر  ** لا تنح لی بعد موتی واصطبر 
  • Mourn for me and smear thyself with dust before my death; do not mourn for me after my death, but bear (the loss of me) with patience.
  • ابک لی قبل ثبوری فی‌النوی  ** بعد طوفان النوی خل البکا 
  • Weep for me before my destruction in (the flood of) decease: after the flood of decease leave off weeping.
  • آن زمان که دیو می‌شد راه‌زن  ** آن زمان بایست یاسین خواندن  540
  • At the time when the Devil was waylaying (you), at that time you ought to have recited (the Súra entitled) Yásín.