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4
1934-1983

  • حال او زان روز شد خوب و بدید ** آن عجایب را که اول می‌شنید
  • From that day his (spiritual) state became excellent, and he saw (experienced) those wondrous things which at first he was (only) hearing (knowing by hearsay).
  • رقعه‌ی دیگر نوشتن آن غلام پیش شاه چون جواب آن رقعه‌ی اول نیافت
  • How the slave wrote another letter to the king when he received no reply to the first letter.
  • نامه‌ی دیگر نوشت آن بدگمان ** پر ز تشنیع و نفیر و پر فغان 1935
  • That evil-thinking one wrote another letter, full of vituperation and clamour and loud complaint.
  • که یکی رقعه نبشتم پیش شه ** ای عجب آنجا رسید و یافت ره
  • He said, “I wrote a letter to the king; oh, I wonder if it arrived there and found its way (to him).”
  • آن دگر را خواند هم آن خوب‌خد ** هم نداد او را جواب و تن بزد
  • The fair-cheeked (king) read that second one also, and as before he gave him no reply and kept silence.
  • خشک می‌آورد او را شهریار ** او مکرر کرد رقعه پنج بار
  • The king was withholding all favour from him: he (the slave) repeated the letter five times.
  • گفت حاجب آخر او بنده‌ی شماست ** گر جوابش بر نویسی هم رواست
  • “After all,” said the chamberlain, “he is your (Majesty’s) slave: if you write a reply to him, tis fitting.
  • از شهی تو چه کم گردد اگر ** برغلام و بنده اندازی نظر 1940
  • What diminution of your sovereignty will occur if you cast looks (of favour) on your slave and servant?”
  • گفت این سهلست اما احمقست ** مرد احمق زشت و مردود حقست
  • He (the king) said, “This is easy; but he is fool: a foolish man is foul and rejected of God.
  • گرچه آمرزم گناه و زلتش ** هم کند بر من سرایت علتش
  • Though I pardon his sin and fault, his disease will infect me also.
  • صد کس از گرگین همه گرگین شوند ** خاصه این گر خبیث ناپسند
  • From (contact with) an itchy person a whole hundred become itchy, especially (in the case of) this loathsome reprobate itch.
  • گر کم عقلی مبادا گبر را ** شوم او بی‌آب دارد ابر را
  • May the itch, lack of intelligence, not befall (even) the infidel His (the fool’s) ill-starredness keeps the cloud rainless.
  • نم نبارد ابر از شومی او ** شهر شد ویرانه از بومی او 1945
  • On account of his ill-starredness the cloud sheds no moisture: by his owlishness the city is made a desert.
  • از گر آن احمقان طوفان نوح ** کرد ویران عالمی را در فضوح
  • Because of the itch of those foolish ones the Flood of Noah devastated a whole world (of people) in disgrace.
  • گفت پیغامبر که احمق هر که هست ** او عدو ماست و غول ره‌زنست
  • The Prophet said, ‘Whosoever is foolish, he is our enemy and a ghoul who waylays (the traveller).
  • هر که او عاقل بود از جان ماست ** روح او و ریح او ریحان ماست
  • Whoso is intelligent, he is (dear to us as) our soul :his breeze and wind is our sweet basil.’
  • عقل دشنامم دهد من راضیم ** زانک فیضی دارد از فیاضیم
  • (If) intelligence revile me, I am well-pleased, because it possesses something that has emanated from my emanative activity.
  • نبود آن دشنام او بی‌فایده ** نبود آن مهمانیش بی‌مایده 1950
  • Its revilement is not without use, its hospitality is not without a table;
  • احمق ار حلوا نهد اندر لبم ** من از آن حلوای او اندر تبم
  • (But) if the fool put sweetmeat on my lip, I am in a fever from (tasting) his sweetmeat.”
  • این یقین دان گر لطیف و روشنی ** نیست بوسه‌ی کون خر را چاشنی
  • If you are goodly and enlightened, know this for sure, (that) kissing the arse of an ass hath no (delicious) savour.
  • سبلتت گنده کند بی‌فایده ** جامه از دیگش سیه بی‌مایده
  • He (the unsavoury fool) uselessly makes your moustache fetid; your dress is blackened by his kettle without (there being) a table (of food).
  • مایده عقلست نی نان و شوی ** نور عقلست ای پسر جان را غذی
  • Intelligence is the table, not bread and roast-meat: the light of intelligence, O son, is the nutriment for the soul.
  • نیست غیر نور آدم را خورش ** از جز آن جان نیابد پرورش 1955
  • Man hath no food but the light: the soul does not obtain nourishment from aught but that.
  • زین خورشها اندک اندک باز بر ** کین غذای خر بود نه آن حر
  • Little by little cut (yourself) off from these (material) foods— for these are the nutriment of an ass, nQt that of a free (noble) man—
  • تا غذای اصل را قابل شوی ** لقمه‌های نور را آکل شوی
  • So that you may become capable of (absorbing) the original nutriment and may eat habitually the dainty morsels of the light.
  • عکس آن نورست کین نان نان شدست ** فیض آن جانست کین جان جان شدست
  • ‘Tis (from) the reflexion of that light that this bread has become bread; ‘tis (from) the overflowing of that (rational) soul that this (animal) soul has become soul.
  • چون خوری یکبار از ماکول نور ** خاک ریزی بر سر نان و تنور
  • When you eat once of the light you will pour earth over the (material) bread and oven.
  • عقل دو عقلست اول مکسبی ** که در آموزی چو در مکتب صبی 1960
  • Intelligence consists of two intelligences; the former is the acquired one which you learn, like a boy at school,
  • از کتاب و اوستاد و فکر و ذکر ** از معانی وز علوم خوب و بکر
  • From book and teacher and reflexion and (committing to) memory, and from concepts, and from excellent and virgin (hitherto unstudied) sciences.
  • عقل تو افزون شود بر دیگران ** لیک تو باشی ز حفظ آن گران
  • (By this means) your intelligence becomes superior to (that of) others; but through preserving (retaining in your mind) that (knowledge) you are heavily burdened.
  • لوح حافظ باشی اندر دور و گشت ** لوح محفوظ اوست کو زین در گذشت
  • You, (occupied) in wandering and going about (in search of knowledge), are a preserving (recording) tablet; the preserved tablet is he that has passed beyond this.
  • عقل دیگر بخشش یزدان بود ** چشمه‌ی آن در میان جان بود
  • The other intelligence is the gift of God: its fountain is in the midst of the soul.
  • چون ز سینه آب دانش جوش کرد ** نه شود گنده نه دیرینه نه زرد 1965
  • When the water of (God-given) knowledge gushes from the breast, it does not become fetid or old or yellow (impure);
  • ور ره نبعش بود بسته چه غم ** کو همی‌جوشد ز خانه دم به دم
  • And if its way of issue (to outside) be stopped, what harm? for it gushes continually from the house (of the heart).
  • عقل تحصیلی مثال جویها ** کان رود در خانه‌ای از کویها
  • The acquired intelligence is like the conduits which run into a house from the streets:
  • راه آبش بسته شد شد بی‌نوا ** از درون خویشتن جو چشمه را
  • (If) its (the house’s) water-way is blocked, it is without any supply (of water) Seek the fountain from within yourself!
  • قصه‌ی آنک کسی به کسی مشورت می‌کرد گفتش مشورت با دیگری کن کی من عدوی توم
  • Story that some one was consulting another, who said, "Consult some one else, for I am your enemy."
  • مشورت می‌کرد شخصی با کسی ** کز تردد وا ردهد وز محبسی
  • A certain person was consulting some one, that he might be delivered from perplexity and from a quandary.
  • گفت ای خوش‌نام غیر من بجو ** ماجرای مشورت با او بگو 1970
  • “O man of good name,” he replied, “seek another, not me, and explain to him the matter for consultation.
  • من عدوم مر ترا با من مپیچ ** نبود از رای عدو پیروز هیچ
  • I am an enemy to you: do not attach yourself to me; one is never successful (never wins success) from the counsel of an enemy.
  • رو کسی جو که ترا او هست دوست ** دوست بهر دوست لاشک خیرجوست
  • Go, seek one who is a friend to you: undoubtedly a friend seeks (what is) good for his friend.
  • من عدوم چاره نبود کز منی ** کژ روم با تو نمایم دشمنی
  • I am an enemy: it is inevitable that from egoism I should go crookedly (play false) and show enmity towards you.
  • حارسی از گرگ جستن شرط نیست ** جستن از غیر محل ناجستنیست
  • Tis not a (just) condition to demand of a wolf (that he should perform) the task of a watchman (shepherd): to demand (anything) from the wrong place is a negation of the demand.
  • من ترا بی‌هیچ شکی دشمنم ** من ترا کی ره نمایم ره زنم 1975
  • Without any doubt I am an enemy to you: how should I show you the way? I am a highwayman.
  • هر که باشد همنشین دوستان ** هست در گلخن میان بوستان
  • Whoever is sitting with friends is amidst a flower-garden (though he be) in a bath-furnace.
  • هر که با دشمن نشیند در زمن ** هست او در بوستان در گولخن
  • Whoever in the world sits with an enemy, he is in a bath-furnace (though he be) in a flower-garden.
  • دوست را مازار از ما و منت ** تا نگردد دوست خصم و دشمنت
  • Vex not your friend by egoism, lest your friend become your adversary and enemy.
  • خیر کن با خلق بهر ایزدت ** یا برای راحت جان خودت
  • Do good unto the people for your God's sake or for the peace of your own soul,
  • تا هماره دوست بینی در نظر ** در دلت ناید ز کین ناخوش صور 1980
  • That you may always see (them) friendly in your sight, and that ugly ideas arising from hatred may not come into your heart.
  • چونک کردی دشمنی پرهیز کن ** مشورت با یار مهرانگیز کن
  • Since you have behaved with enmity (towards me), abstain (from consulting me): consult a friend who arouses (your) affection.”
  • گفت می‌دانم ترا ای بوالحسن ** که توی دیرینه دشمن‌دار من
  • He replied, “I know you, O Bu ’l-Hasan, to be one who has long deemed me an enemy;
  • لیک مرد عاقلی و معنوی ** عقل تو نگذاردت که کژ روی
  • But you are a reasonable and spiritual man: your reason will not allow you to go crookedly (play false).”