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1
1439-1488

  • He (‘Umar) reminded him of the stages traversed by the soul, and he reminded him of the journeys of the spirit,
  • از منازلهای جانش یاد داد ** وز سفرهای روانش یاد داد
  • And of the Time which has (ever) been void of time, and of the Station of Holiness which has (ever) been majestical, 1440
  • وز زمانی کز زمان خالی بده ست ** وز مقام قدس که اجلالی بده ست‌‌
  • And of the atmosphere wherein the Símurgh of the spirit, before this (material life), has flown and experienced (the bounty of Divine) grace,
  • وز هوایی کاندر او سیمرغ روح ** پیش از این دیده ست پرواز و فتوح‌‌
  • Every single flight thereof (being) greater than the horizons (of this world) and greater than the hope and greed of the longing lover.
  • هر یکی پروازش از آفاق بیش ** وز امید و نهمت مشتاق بیش‌‌
  • When ‘Umar found the stranger in appearance a friend (in reality), he found (that) his soul (was) seeking (to learn) the (Divine) mysteries.
  • چون عمر اغیار رو را یار یافت ** جان او را طالب اسرار یافت‌‌
  • The Shaykh (‘Umar) was adept and the disciple (the ambassador) eager: the man (rider) was quick (dexterous) and the beast belonged to the royal court (was nobly bred and docile).
  • شیخ کامل بود و طالب مشتهی ** مرد چابک بود و مرکب درگهی‌‌
  • That spiritual guide (‘Umar) perceived that he (the ambassador) possessed (the capacity for receiving) guidance: he sowed the good seed in the good soil. 1445
  • دید آن مرشد که او ارشاد داشت ** تخم پاک اندر زمین پاک کاشت‌‌
  • How the ambassador of Rúm questioned the Commander of the Faithful, may God be well-pleased with him.
  • سؤال کردن رسول روم از عمر
  • The man said to him, “O Commander of the Faithful, how did the spirit come to the earth from above?
  • مرد گفتش کای امیر المؤمنین ** جان ز بالا چون در آمد در زمین‌‌
  • How did the infinite bird go into the cage?” He replied, “God recited spells and incantations over the spirit.
  • مرغ بی‌‌اندازه چون شد در قفص ** گفت حق بر جان فسون خواند و قصص‌‌
  • When He recites spells over the non-existences which have no eye or ear, they begin to stir.
  • بر عدمها کان ندارد چشم و گوش ** چون فسون خواند همی‌‌آید به جوش‌‌
  • Because of His spells the non-existences at that very moment are dancing joyously into existence.
  • از فسون او عدمها زود زود ** خوش معلق می‌‌زند سوی وجود
  • When, again, He recited a spell over the existent, at His word the existent marched (back) post-haste into non-existence. 1450
  • باز بر موجود افسونی چو خواند ** زو دو اسبه در عدم موجود راند
  • He spake into the ear of the rose and made it laughing (blooming); He spake to the stone and made it a cornelian of the mine.
  • گفت در گوش گل و خندانش کرد ** گفت با سنگ و عقیق کانش کرد
  • He spake to the body a sign (message), so that it became spirit; He spake to the sun, so that it became radiant.
  • گفت با جسم آیتی تا جان شد او ** گفت با خورشید تا رخشان شد او
  • Again He breathes into its ear a fearful saying, and upon the face of the sun fall a hundred eclipses.
  • باز در گوشش دمد نکته‌‌ی مخوف ** در رخ خورشید افتد صد کسوف‌‌
  • Consider what that Speaker chanted into the ear of the cloud, so that it poured tears from its eye, like a waterskin.
  • تا به گوش ابر آن گویا چه خواند ** کاو چو مشک از دیده‌‌ی خود اشک راند
  • Consider what God has chanted into the ear of the earth, so that it became regardful and has (ever since) remained silent.” 1455
  • تا به گوش خاک حق چه خوانده است ** کاو مراقب گشت و خامش مانده است‌‌
  • Whosoever in perplexity is sorely troubled, God has spoken the riddle into his ear,
  • در تردد هر که او آشفته است ** حق به گوش او معما گفته است‌‌
  • That He may imprison him in two (doubtful) thoughts, (namely), “Shall I do that? He said that (bade me do that) or the contrary thereof?”
  • تا کند محبوسش اندر دو گمان ** آن کنم کاو گفت یا خود ضد آن‌‌
  • From (the decree of) God also, one side obtains the preponderance, and from that (Divine) quarter he chooses one of the two (alternatives).
  • هم ز حق ترجیح یابد یک طرف ** ز آن دو یک را بر گزیند ز آن کنف‌‌
  • If thou wouldst not have the mind of thy spirit in (a state of) perplexity, do not stuff this cotton-wool into thy spiritual ear,
  • گر نخواهی در تردد هوش جان ** کم فشار این پنبه اندر گوش جان‌‌
  • So that thou mayst understand those riddles of His, so that thou mayst apprehend (both) the secret sign and the open. 1460
  • تا کنی فهم آن معماهاش را ** تا کنی ادراک رمز و فاش را
  • Then the spiritual ear becomes the place where wahy (inspiration) descends. What is wahy? A speech hidden from sense-perception.
  • پس محل وحی گردد گوش جان ** وحی چه بود گفتنی از حس نهان‌‌
  • The spiritual ear and eye are other than this sense-perception, the ear of (discursive) reason and the ear of opinion are destitute of this (inspiration).
  • گوش جان و چشم جان جز این حس است ** گوش عقل و گوش ظن زین مفلس است‌‌
  • The word “compulsion” (jabr) made me impatient (uncontrollable) for love's sake, while it confined in (the prison of) compulsion him who is not a lover.
  • لفظ جبرم عشق را بی‌‌صبر کرد ** و آن که عاشق نیست حبس جبر کرد
  • This is union with God, and it is not compulsion: this is the shining forth of the moon, this is not a cloud.
  • این معیت با حق است و جبر نیست ** این تجلی مه است این ابر نیست‌‌
  • And if this be compulsion, it is not the compulsion of (suffered by) the vulgar: it is not the compulsion of (exerted by) the evil-commanding self-willed (soul). 1465
  • ور بود این جبر جبر عامه نیست ** جبر آن اماره‌‌ی خودکامه نیست‌‌
  • O son, (only) they know (the real meaning of) compulsion in whose hearts God has opened the sight (of the spiritual eye).
  • جبر را ایشان شناسند ای پسر ** که خدا بگشادشان در دل بصر
  • To them the unseen and the future became manifest; to them recollection of the past became naught.
  • غیب و آینده بر ایشان گشت فاش ** ذکر ماضی پیش ایشان گشت لاش‌‌
  • Their free-will and compulsion is different (from that of ordinary men): in oyster-shells drops (of rain) are pearls.
  • اختیار و جبر ایشان دیگر است ** قطره‌‌ها اندر صدفها گوهر است‌‌
  • Outside (of the shell) it is a drop of water, small or great, (but) within the shell it is a small or big pearl.
  • هست بیرون قطره‌‌ی خرد و بزرگ ** در صدف آن در خرد است و سترگ‌‌
  • Those persons have the nature of the muskdeer's gland: externally they are (as) blood, while within them is the fragrance of musk. 1470
  • طبع ناف آهو است آن قوم را ** از برون خون و درونشان مشکها
  • Do not say, “This substance externally is blood: how should it become a musky perfume when it goes into the gland?”
  • تو مگو کاین مایه بیرون خون بود ** چون رود در ناف مشکی چون شود
  • Do not say, “This copper externally was despicable: how should it assume nobility in the heart (midst) of the elixir?”
  • تو مگو کاین مس برون بد محتقر ** در دل اکسیر چون گیرد گهر
  • In thee (the matter of) free-will and compulsion was a (mere) fancy, (but) when it went into them it became the light of (Divine) Majesty.
  • اختیار و جبر در تو بد خیال ** چون در ایشان رفت شد نور جلال‌‌
  • When bread is (wrapped) in the tablecloth it is the inanimate thing (so-called), (but) in the human body it becomes the glad spirit (of life).
  • نان چو در سفره ست باشد آن جماد ** در تن مردم شود او روح شاد
  • It does not become transmuted in the heart of (within) the table-cloth: the (animal) soul transmutes it with (the water of) Salsabíl. 1475
  • در دل سفره نگردد مستحیل ** مستحیلش جان کند از سلسبیل‌‌
  • O thou who readest aright, such is the power of the soul: what, then, must be the power of that Soul of soul?
  • قوت جان است این ای راست خوان ** تا چه باشد قوت آن جان جان‌‌
  • The piece of flesh which is Man, endowed with intelligence and soul, cleaves the mountain by means of water-channel and mine.
  • گوشت پاره‌‌ی آدمی با عقل و جان ** می‌‌شکافد کوه را با بحر و کان‌‌
  • The strength of the mountain-riving soul is (shown in) the splitting of rocks; the strength of the Soul of soul in the moon was split asunder.
  • زور جان کوه کن شق حجر ** زور جان جان در انشق القمر
  • If the heart should open the lid of the wallet of (this) mystery, the soul would rush (in rapture) towards the highest heaven.
  • گر گشاید دل سر انبان راز ** جان به سوی عرش سازد ترک تاز
  • How Adam imputed that fault (which he had committed) to himself, saying, “O Lord, we have done wrong,” and how Iblís imputed his own sin to God, saying, “Because Thou hast seduced me.”
  • اضافت کردن آدم آن زلت را به خویشتن که ربنا ظلمناو اضافت کردن ابلیس گناه خود را به خدا که بما أغويتنی
  • Consider both the action of God and our action. Regard our action as existent. This is manifest. 1480
  • کرد حق و کرد ما هر دو ببین ** کرد ما را هست دان پیداست این‌‌
  • If the action of created beings be not in the midst (obviously existent), then say not to any one, “Why have you acted thus?
  • گر نباشد فعل خلق اندر میان ** پس مگو کس را چرا کردی چنان‌‌
  • The creative act of God brings our actions into existence: our actions are the effects of the creative act of God.
  • خلق حق افعال ما را موجد است ** فعل ما آثار خلق ایزد است‌‌
  • A speaker perceives either the letter (the literal form and articulation of his speech) or the purport (the meaning and intention of it): how should he comprehend two accidents (both the form and the meaning) at once?
  • ناطقی یا حرف بیند یا غرض ** کی شود یک دم محیط دو عرض‌‌
  • If he goes (turns his mind) to the spirit, he becomes unheedful of the letter: no eye sees forward and backward at the same moment.
  • گر به معنی رفت شد غافل ز حرف ** پیش و پس یک دم نبیند هیچ طرف‌‌
  • At the time when you look in front, how at the same time can you look behind you? Recognise this. 1485
  • آن زمان که پیش بینی آن زمان ** تو پس خود کی ببینی این بدان‌‌
  • Inasmuch as the soul does not comprehend (both) the letter and the spirit, how should the soul be the creator of them both?
  • چون محیط حرف و معنی نیست جان ** چون بود جان خالق این هر دوان‌‌
  • O son, (only) God comprehends all: the (one) action does not hinder Him from the other action.
  • حق محیط جمله آمد ای پسر ** وا ندارد کارش از کار دگر
  • Satan said Because Thou hast seduced me: the vile Devil concealed his own act.
  • گفت شیطان که بما أغویتنی ** کرد فعل خود نهان دیو دنی‌‌