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2
775-824

  • His fleshly soul (is) luxuriating in the house, which is his body, (while) he gnaws his hand in rancour against some one else. 775
  • نفسش اندر خانه‏ی تن نازنین ** بر دگر کس دست می‏خاید به کین‏
  • How men blamed a person who killed his mother because he suspected her (of adultery).
  • ملامت کردن مردم شخصی را که مادرش را کشت به تهمت
  • A certain man killed his mother in wrath, with blows of a dagger and also with blows of his fist.
  • آن یکی از خشم مادر را بکشت ** هم به زخم خنجر و هم زخم مشت‏
  • Some one said to him, “From evil nature you have not borne in mind what is due to motherhood.
  • آن یکی گفتش که از بد گوهری ** یاد ناوردی تو حق مادری‏
  • Hey, tell (me) why you killed your mother. What did she do? Pray, tell (me), O foul villain!”
  • هی تو مادر را چرا کشتی بگو ** او چه کرد آخر بگو ای زشت خو
  • He said, “She did a deed that is a disgrace to her; I killed her because that earth (her grave) is her coverer (hides her shame).”
  • گفت کاری کرد کان عار وی است ** کشتمش کان خاک ستار وی است‏
  • The other said, “O honoured sir, kill that one (who was her partner in guilt).” “Then,” he replied, “I should kill a man every day. 780
  • گفت آن کس را بکش ای محتشم ** گفت پس هر روز مردی را کشم‏
  • I killed her, I was saved from shedding the blood of a multitude: ’tis better that I cut her throat than the throats of (so many) people.”
  • کشتم او را رستم از خونهای خلق ** نای او برم به است از نای خلق‏
  • That mother of bad character, whose wickedness is in every quarter, is your fleshly soul.
  • نفس تست آن مادر بد خاصیت ** که فساد اوست در هر ناحیت‏
  • Come, kill it, for on account of that vile (creature) you are every moment assailing one who is venerable.
  • هین بکش او را که بهر آن دنی ** هر دمی قصد عزیزی می‏کنی‏
  • Through it this fair world is narrow (distressful) to you, for its sake (you are at) war with God and man.
  • از وی این دنیای خوش بر تست تنگ ** از پی او با حق و با خلق جنگ‏
  • (If) you have killed the fleshly soul, you are delivered from (the necessity of) excusing yourself: nobody in the world remains your enemy. 785
  • نفس کشتی باز رستی ز اعتذار ** کس ترا دشمن نماند در دیار
  • If any one should raise a difficulty about my words in regard to the prophets and saints,
  • گر شکال آرد کسی بر گفت ما ** از برای انبیا و اولیا
  • (And should say), “Had not the prophets a killed (mortified) fleshly soul? Why, then, had they enemies and enviers?”—
  • کانبیا را نه که نفس کشته بود ** پس چراشان دشمنان بود و حسود
  • Give ear, O seeker of truth, and hear the answer to this difficulty and doubt.
  • گوش کن تو ای طلب‏کار صواب ** بشنو این اشکال و شبهت را جواب‏
  • Those unbelievers were (really) enemies to themselves: they were striking at themselves such blows (as they struck).
  • دشمن خود بوده‏اند آن منکران ** زخم بر خود می‏زدند ایشان چنان‏
  • An enemy is one who attempts (another's) life; he that is himself destroying his own life is not an enemy (to others). 790
  • دشمن آن باشد که قصد جان کند ** دشمن آن نبود که خود جان می‏کند
  • The little bat is not an enemy to the sun: it is an enemy to itself in the veil (of its own blindness).
  • نیست خفاشک عدوی آفتاب ** او عدوی خویش آمد در حجاب‏
  • The glow of the sun kills it; how should the sun ever suffer annoyance from it?
  • تابش خورشید او را می‏کشد ** رنج او خورشید هرگز کی کشد
  • An enemy is one from whom torment proceeds, (one who) hinders the ruby from (receiving the rays of) the sun.
  • دشمن آن باشد کز او آید عذاب ** مانع آید لعل را از آفتاب‏
  • All the infidels hinder themselves from (receiving) the rays of the prophets' (spiritual) jewel.
  • مانع خویشند جمله‏ی کافران ** از شعاع جوهر پیغمبران‏
  • How should (unbelieving) people veil the eyes of that peerless one (the prophet or saint)? The people have (only) blinded and distorted their own eyes. 795
  • کی حجاب چشم آن فردند خلق ** چشم خود را کور و کژ کردند خلق‏
  • (They are) like the Indian slave who bears a grudge and kills himself to spite his master:
  • چون غلام هندویی کاو کین کشد ** از ستیزه‏ی خواجه خود را می‏کشد
  • He falls headlong from the roof of the house (in the hope) that he may have done some harm to his master.
  • سر نگون می‏افتد از بام سرا ** تا زیانی کرده باشد خواجه را
  • If the sick man become an enemy to the physician, or if the boy show hostility to the teacher,
  • گر شود بیمار دشمن با طبیب ** ور کند کودک عداوت با ادیب‏
  • In truth they act as brigands against themselves: they themselves waylay their own mind and spirit.
  • در حقیقت ره زن جان خودند ** راه عقل و جان خود را خود زدند
  • If a fuller take offence at the sun, if a fish is taking offence at the water, 800
  • گازری گر خشم گیرد ز آفتاب ** ماهیی گر خشم می‏گیرد ز آب‏
  • Just once consider whom that (anger) injures, and whose star is eclipsed by it in the end.
  • تو یکی بنگر که را دارد زیان ** عاقبت که بود سیاه اختر از آن‏
  • If God create you with ugly features, take care lest you become both ugly-featured and ugly-natured;
  • گر ترا حق آفریند زشت رو ** هان مشو هم زشت رو هم زشت خو
  • And if He take away your shoes, do not go into stony ground; and if you have two spikes, don't become four-spiked.
  • ور برد کفشت مرو در سنگلاخ ** ور دو شاخ استت مشو تو چار شاخ‏
  • You are envious, saying, “I am inferior to so-and-so: my (sense of) inferiority in fortune is ever increasing.”
  • تو حسودی کز فلان من کمترم ** می‏فزاید کمتری در اخترم‏
  • (But) indeed envy is another defect and fault; nay, it is worse than all inferiorities. 805
  • خود حسد نقصان و عیبی دیگر است ** بلکه از جمله کمیها بدتر است‏
  • That Devil (Satan), through the shame and disgrace of inferiority (to Adam), cast himself into a hundred damnations.
  • آن بلیس از ننگ و عار کمتری ** خویش را افکند در صد ابتری‏
  • Because of envy, he wished to be at the top. At the top, forsooth! Nay, (he wished) to be a blood-shedder.
  • از حسد می‏خواست تا بالا بود ** خود چه بالا بلکه خون‏پالا بود
  • Abú Jahl was put to shame by Mohammed, and because of envy was raising himself to the top.
  • آن ابو جهل از محمد ننگ داشت ** وز حسد خود را به بالا می‏فراشت‏
  • His name was Abu ’l-Hakam, and he became Abú Jahl: oh, many a worthy has become unworthy because of envy.
  • بو الحکم نامش بد و بو جهل شد ** ای بسا اهل از حسد نااهل شد
  • I have not seen in the world of search and seeking (trial and probation) any worthiness better than a good disposition. 810
  • من ندیدم در جهان جست و جو ** هیچ اهلیت به از خوی نکو
  • God made the prophets the medium (between Him and His creatures) in order that feelings of envy should be displayed in the agitation (produced by something that rankles in the mind).
  • انبیا را واسطه ز آن کرد حق ** تا پدید آید حسدها در قلق‏
  • Inasmuch as no one was disgraced by (inferiority to) God, no one was (ever) envious of God;
  • ز انکه کس را از خدا عاری نبود ** حاسد حق هیچ دیاری نبود
  • (But) the person whom he deemed like himself—he would bear envy against him for that reason.
  • آن کسی کش مثل خود پنداشتی ** ز آن سبب با او حسد برداشتی‏
  • (Now), as the grandeur of the Prophet has become established, none feels envy (of him), since he is accepted (by all the Faithful);
  • چون مقرر شد بزرگی رسول ** پس حسد ناید کسی را از قبول‏
  • Therefore in every epoch (after Mohammed) a saint arises (to act as his vicegerent): the probation (of the people) lasts until the Resurrection. 815
  • پس به هر دوری ولیی قایم است ** تا قیامت آزمایش دایم است‏
  • Whosoever has a good disposition is saved; whosoever is of frail heart is broken.
  • هر که را خوی نکو باشد برست ** هر کسی کاو شیشه دل باشد شکست‏
  • That saint, then, is the living Imám who arises (in every age), whether he be a descendant of ‘Umar or of ‘Alí.
  • پس امام حی قایم آن ولی است ** خواه از نسل عمر خواه از علی است‏
  • He is the Mahdí (the God-guided one) and the Hádí (the Guide), O seeker of the (right) way: he is both hidden (from you) and seated before your face.
  • مهدی و هادی وی است ای راه جو ** هم نهان و هم نشسته پیش رو
  • He is as the Light (of Mohammed), and (Universal) Reason is his Gabriel; the saint that is lesser than he is his lamp (and receives illumination from him).
  • او چو نور است و خرد جبریل اوست ** و آن ولی کم از او قندیل اوست‏
  • That (saint) who is lesser than this lamp is our lamp-niche: the Light has gradations in degree, 820
  • و انکه زین قندیل کم مشکات ماست ** نور را در مرتبه ترتیبهاست‏
  • Because the Light of God has seven hundred veils: regard the veils of the Light as so many tiers.
  • ز انکه هفصد پرده دارد نور حق ** پرده‏های نور دان چندین طبق‏
  • Behind each veil a certain class (of saints) has its place of abode: these veils of theirs are (in ascending order), rank by rank, up to the Imám.
  • از پس هر پرده قومی را مقام ** صف صف‏اند این پرده‏هاشان تا امام‏
  • Those in the last (lowest) rank, through their weakness, (are such that) their eyes cannot endure the light in front (of them);
  • اهل صف آخرین از ضعف خویش ** چشمشان طاقت ندارد نور بیش‏
  • And that front rank, from weakness of sight, cannot support the light that is more advanced.
  • و آن صف پیش از ضعیفی بصر ** تاب نارد روشنایی بیشتر