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4
2722-2771

  • He told (him) the promises pf the one (Moses) with whom God spoke, and made that misguided person his confidant.
  • وعده‌های آن کلیم‌الله را ** گفت و محرم ساخت آن گمراه را
  • How Pharaoh took counsel with ha vizier, Hámán, as to believing in Moses, on whom be peace.
  • مشورت کردن فرعون با وزیرش هامان در ایمان آوردن به موسی علیه‌السلام
  • He told Hamán when he saw him alone: Hámán sprang up and rent the bosom of his shirt.
  • گفت با هامان چون تنهااش بدید ** جست هامان و گریبان را درید
  • That accursed one uttered loud cries’ and sobs and beat his turban and cap on the ground,
  • بانگها زد گریه‌ها کرد آن لعین ** کوفت دستار و کله را بر زمین
  • Saying, “How durst he say those vain words so impudently in the face of the king? 2725
  • که چگونه گفت اندر روی شاه ** این چنین گستاخ آن حرف تباه
  • Thou hast made the whole world subject (to thy sway); thou, (attended) by fortune, hast made thy estate (brilliant) as gold.
  • جمله عالم را مسخر کرده تو ** کار را با بخت چون زر کرده تو
  • From all parts of the East and West sultans, without (raising); opposition, bring tribute to thee.
  • از مشارق وز مغارب بی‌لجاج ** سوی تو آرند سلطانان خراج
  • Kings are rubbing their lips joyfully on the dust of thy thresh old, O mighty emperor.
  • پادشاهان لب همی مالند شاد ** بر ستانه‌ی خاک تو این کیقباد
  • When the enemy’s horse sees our horse, it turns its face and flees without flogging’.
  • اسپ یاغی چون ببیند اسپ ما ** رو بگرداند گریزد بی عصا
  • Hitherto thou hast been worshipped and adored by the (whole) world: (now) thou wilt become the meanest of slaves. 2730
  • تاکنون معبود و مسجود جهان ** بوده‌ای گردی کمینه‌ی بندگان
  • To go into a thousand fires is better than this, that a lord should become the servant of a slave.
  • در هزار آتش شدن زین خوشترست ** که خداوندی شود بنده‌پرست
  • Nay, kill me first, O king of China, that mine eye may not be hold this (servility) in the king.
  • نه بکش اول مرا ای شاه چین ** تا نبیند چشم من بر شاه این
  • O emperor, behead me first, that mine eye may not behold this ignominy.
  • خسروا اول مرا گردن بزن ** تا نبیند این مذلت چشم من
  • Truly never has there been—and never may there be!—such a thing as this, that the earth should become the sky, and the sky become the earth;
  • خود نبودست و مبادا این چنین ** که زمین گردون شود گردون زمین
  • (That) our slaves should become our fellow-servants, (and that) our timorous ones should become those who (cruelly) wound our hearts; 2735
  • بندگان‌مان خواجه‌تاش ما شوند ** بی‌دلان‌مان دلخراش ما شوند
  • (That our) enemies (should be) bright-eyed and (our) friends blind: then (in that case) the rose-garden has become for us (like) the bottom of the tomb.”
  • چشم‌روشن دشمنان و دوست کور ** گشت ما را پس گلستان قعر گور
  • Showing the falsity of Hámán’s speech— the curse (of God) be upon him!
  • تزییف سخن هامان علیه‌اللعنه
  • He did not know friend from enemy: he was playing back gammon (all) wrong, like a blind man.
  • دوست از دشمن همی نشناخت او ** نرد را کورانه کژ می‌باخت او
  • Thy enemy is none but thyself, O accursed one: do not de spitefully call the innocent (thy) enemies.
  • دشمن تو جز تو نبود این لعین ** بی‌گناهان را مگو دشمن به کین
  • In thy sight this evil state (in which thou art) is dawlat (worldly fortune), whereof the beginning is dawádaw (running to and fro) and the end lat (blows).
  • پیش تو این حالت بد دولتست ** که دوادو اول و آخر لتست
  • If by degrees thou do not run away from this worldly fortune, autumn will come o’er this spring of thine. 2740
  • گر ازین دولت نتازی خز خزان ** این بهارت را همی آید خزان
  • East and West have seen many like thee, whose heads have been severed from their bodies.
  • مشرق و مغرب چو تو بس دیده‌اند ** که سر ایشان ز تن ببریده‌اند
  • After all, how should East and West, which are not permanent, make any one enduring?
  • مشرق و مغرب که نبود بر قرار ** چون کنند آخر کسی را پایدار
  • Thou takest pride in the fact that men, from fear and bondage, have become thy flatterers for a few days.
  • تو بدان فخر آوری کز ترس و بند ** چاپلوست گشت مردم روز چند
  • When men bow in adoration to any one, they are (really) cramming poison into his soul.
  • هر کرا مردم سجودی می‌کنند ** زهر اندر جان او می‌آکنند
  • When his adorer turns away from him, he knows that that (adoration) was poisonous and destructive to him. 2745
  • چونک بر گردد ازو آن ساجدش ** داند او کان زهر بود و موبدش
  • Oh, blest is he whose carnal soul was abased! Alas who became like a mountain from arrogance
  • ای خنک آن را که ذلت نفسه ** وای آنک از سرکشی شد چون که او
  • Know that this pride is a killing poison: that fool toxicated by the poisonous wine.
  • این تکبر زهر قاتل دان که هست ** از می پر زهر شد آن گیج مست
  • When an unhappy wretch drinks the poisonous wine, his head in delight for one moment.
  • چون می پر زهر نوشد مدبری ** از طرب یکدم بجنباند سری
  • After one moment the poison falls on his spirit the poison exercises (complete) sway over his spirit.
  • بعد یک‌دم زهر بر جانش فتد ** زهر در جانش کند داد و ستد
  • If you have not firm belief in its being poisonous (and do not know) what (a deadly) poison it is, look at the people of ‘Ád. 2750
  • گر نذاری زهری‌اش را اعتقاد ** کو چه زهر آمد نگر در قوم عاد
  • When one king gains the upper hand (prevails) over another. king, he kills him or confines him in a dungeon;
  • چونک شاهی دست یابد بر شهی ** بکشدش یا باز دارد در چهی
  • But if he find a fallen wounded man, the king will make a plaster for him and bestow gifts on him.
  • ور بیابد خسته‌ی افتاده را ** مرهمش سازد شه و بدهد عطا
  • If that pride is not poison, then why did he kill the (vanquished) king without (his having committed any) crime or offence?
  • گر نه زهرست آن تکبر پس چرا ** کشت شه را بی‌گناه و بی‌خطا
  • And how did he treat this other (helpless) man (so) kindly without (his having performed any) service? From these two actions you may recognise (the poisonous nature of) pride.
  • وین دگر را بی ز خدمت چون نواخت ** زین دو جنبش زهر را شاید شناخت
  • No highwayman ever attacked a beggar does a wolf ever bite a dead wolf? 2755
  • راه‌زن هرگز گدایی را نزد ** گرگ گرگ مرده را هرگز گزد
  • Khizr made a breach in the boat in order that the boat might be saved from the wicked.
  • خضر کشتی را برای آن شکست ** تا تواند کشتی از فجار رست
  • Since the broken (contrite) one will be saved, be thou broken (contrite). Safety lies in poverty enter into poverty
  • چون شکسته می‌رهد اشکسته شو ** امن در فقرست اندر فقر رو
  • The mountain that possessed some cash in its mine was riven to pieces by the strokes of the pick-axe.
  • آن کهی کو داشت از کان نقد چند ** گشت پاره پاره از زخم کلند
  • The sword is for him who has a (high and proud) neck; no blow falls on the shadow that is thrown (flat upon the ground).
  • تیغ بهر اوست کو را گردنیست ** سایه که افکندست بر وی زخم نیست
  • Eminence is naphtha and fire, O misguided one: O brother, how (why) art thou going into the fire? 2760
  • مهتری نفطست و آتش ای غوی ** ای برادر چون بر آذر می‌روی
  • How should anything that is level with the earth become a target for arrows? Consider!
  • هر چه او هموار باشد با زمین ** تیرها را کی هدف گردد ببین
  • (But if) it raise its head from the earth, then, like targets, it will suffer blows irremediable.
  • سر بر آرد از زمین آنگاه او ** چون هدفها زخم یابد بی رفو
  • This egoism is the ladder of (climbed by) the creatures (of God): they must fall from this ladder in the end.
  • نردبان خالق این ما و منیست ** عاقبت زین نردبان افتادنیست
  • The higher any one goes, the more foolish he is, for his bones will be worse broken.
  • هر که بالاتر رود ابله‌ترست ** که استخوان او بتر خواهد شکست
  • This is (constitutes) the derivatives (of the subject), and its fundamental principles are that to exalt one’s self is (to claim) copartnership with God. 2765
  • این فروعست و اصولش آن بود ** که ترفع شرکت یزدان بود
  • Unless thou hast died and become living through Him, thou art an enemy seeking to reign in copartnership (with Him)
  • چون نمردی و نگشتی زنده زو ** یاغیی باشی به شرکت ملک‌جو
  • When thou hast become living through Him, that (which thou hast become) is in sooth He: it is absolute Unity; how is it co partnership?
  • چون بدو زنده شدی آن خود ویست ** وحدت محضست آن شرکت کیست
  • Seek the explanation of this in the mirror of (devotional) works, for thou wilt not gain the understanding of it from speech and discourse.
  • شرح این در آینه‌ی اعمال جو ** که نیابی فهم آن از گفت و گو
  • If I tell that which I have within, many hearts will immediately be turned into blood,
  • گر بگویم آنچ دارم در درون ** بس جگرها گردد اندر حال خون
  • I will refrain; indeed, for the intelligent this (which has been said) is enough: I have shouted twice, if any one is in the village 2770
  • بس کنم خود زیرکان را این بس است ** بانگ دو کردم اگر در ده کس است
  • To sum up, Hámán by means of those evil words waylaid Pharaoh in such a (terrible) way as this.
  • حاصل آن هامان بدان گفتار بد ** این چنین راهی بر آن فرعون زد