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6
1482-1531

  • بیند اندر ذره خورشید بقا  ** بیند اندر قطره کل بحر را 
  • In the mote it beholds the everlasting Sun, in the drop (of water) it beholds the entire Sea.
  • بار دیگر رجوع کردن به قصه‌ی صوفی و قاضی 
  • Returning once more to the Story of the Súfí and the Cadi.
  • گفت صوفی در قصاص یک قفا  ** سر نشاید باد دادن از عمی 
  • The Súfí said (to himself), “It does not behove me blindly to lose my head by taking retaliation for a single slap on the nape.
  • خرقه‌ی تسلیم اندر گردنم  ** بر من آسان کرد سیلی خوردنم 
  • My putting on the (Súfí’s) mantle of resignation has made it easy for me to suffer blows.”
  • دید صوفی خصم خود را سخت زار  ** گفت اگر مشتش زنم من خصم‌وار  1485
  • The Súfí observed that his adversary was exceedingly frail: he said (to himself), “If I give him a hostile blow with my fist,
  • او به یک مشتم بریزد چون رصاص  ** شاه فرماید مرا زجر و قصاص 
  • At my first blow he will crumble like dead, and then the king will punish me and exact retaliation.
  • خیمه ویرانست و بشکسته وتد  ** او بهانه می‌جود تا در فتد 
  • The tent is ruined and the tent-pin broken: it (the tent) is seeking (the least) excuse to fall in.
  • بهر این مرده دریغ آید دریغ  ** که قصاصم افتد اندر زیر تیغ 
  • It would be a pity, a (great) pity, that on account of this (virtually) dead man retaliation should fall upon me under the sword.”
  • چون نمی‌توانست کف بر خصم زد  ** عزمش آن شد کش سوی قاضی برد 
  • Since he durst not give his adversary a fisticuff, he resolved to take him to the Cadi.
  • که ترازوی حق است و کیله‌اش  ** مخلص است از مکر دیو و حیله‌اش  1490
  • Saying (to himself), “He (the cadi) is God’s scales and measure, he is the means of deliverance from the deceit and cunning of the Devil.
  • هست او مقراض احقاد و جدال  ** قاطع جن دو خصم و قیل و قال 
  • He is the scissors for (cutting off) enmities and wranglings, he is the decider of the quarrels and disputes of the two litigants.
  • دیو در شیشه کند افسون او  ** فتنه‌ها ساکن کند قانون او 
  • His spells put the Devil in the bottle, his legal ruling makes dissensions cease.
  • چون ترازو دید خصم پر طمع  ** سرکشی بگذارد و گردد تبع 
  • When the covetous adversary sees the scales (of justice), he abandons rebelliousness and becomes submissive;
  • ور ترازو نیست گر افزون دهیش  ** از قسم راضی نگردد آگهیش 
  • But if there are no scales, (even) though you give him more (than his fair share) his shrewdness will never be satisfied with the portion (allotted to him).”
  • هست قاضی رحمت و دفع ستیز  ** قطره‌ای از بحر عدل رستخیز  1495
  • The cadi is a mercy (bestowed to God) and the means of removing strife: he is a drop from the ocean of the justice of the Resurrection.
  • قطره گرچه خرد و کوته‌پا بود  ** لطف آب بحر ازو پیدا بود 
  • Though the drop be small and short of foot, (yet) by it the purity of the ocean’s water is made manifest.
  • از غبار ار پاک داری کله را  ** تو ز یک قطره ببینی دجله را 
  • If you keep the (outer) veil (coat of the inward eye) free from dust, you will see the Tigris in a single drop (of water).
  • جزوها بر حال کلها شاهدست  ** تا شفق غماز خورشید آمدست 
  • The parts bear witness to the state of (their) wholes, so that the afterglow of sunset has become an informer concerning the sun.
  • آن قسم بر جسم احمد راند حق  ** آنچ فرمودست کلا والشفق 
  • God applied that oath, (namely), His Words Verily (I swear) by the afterglow of sunset, to the body of Ahmad (Mohammad).
  • مور بر دانه چرا لرزان بدی  ** گر از آن یک دانه خرمن‌دان بدی  1500
  • Wherefore should the ant have been trembling (in desire) for the grain (of corn), if from that single grain it had known (inferred) the (existence of) the stack?
  • بر سر حرف آ که صوفی بی‌دلست  ** در مکافات جفا مستعجلست 
  • Come (now) to the topic (in hand), for the Súfi is distraught (has lost control of his reason) and is making haste to exact redress for the injury (inflicted on him).
  • ای تو کرده ظلمها چون خوش‌دلی  ** از تقاضای مکافی غافلی 
  • O thou that has committed deeds of injustice, ho art thou (so) glad at heart? Art thou unaware of the demand (that will be made upon thee) by him who exacts the penalty?
  • یا فراموشت شدست از کرده‌هات  ** که فرو آویخت غفلت پرده‌هات 
  • Or hast thou forgotten those deeds of thine, since heedlessness has let down curtains (of oblivion) over thee?
  • گر نه خصمیهاستی اندر قفات  ** جرم گردون رشک بردی بر صفات 
  • If there were no litigations pursuing thee the celestial orb would envy thy happiness,
  • لیک محبوسی برای آن حقوق  ** اندک اندک عذر می‌خواه از عقوق  1505
  • But on account of those just claims (against thee) thou art embarrassed. Little by little, (therefore), beg to be excused for thy unrighteousness.
  • تا به یکبارت نگیرد محتسب  ** آب خود روشن کن اکنون با محب 
  • Lest the Inspector suddenly arrest thee, now (at once) make thy (turbid) water clear (make full amends and wipe out thy injustice) towards the lover (of God).
  • رفت صوفی سوی آن سیلی‌زنش  ** دست زد چون مدعی در دامنش 
  • The Súfi went to the man who had slapped him, and laid hold of his skirt like a plaintiff.
  • اندر آوردش بر قاضی کشان  ** کین خر ادبار را بر خر نشان 
  • Haling him along, he brought him to the Cadi, saying, “Mount this asinine miscreant on an ass (and parade him through the streets),
  • یا به زخم دره او را ده جزا  ** آنچنان که رای تو بیند سزا 
  • Or punish him with blows of the whip, according as thy judgement may deem fitting;
  • کانک از زجر تو میرد در دمار  ** بر تو تاوان نیست آن باشد جبار  1510
  • For (in the case of) one who dies under thy chastisement, no fine is (imposed) on thee in vengeance (for him): that (death) is unpenalised.”
  • در حد و تعزیر قاضی هر که مرد  ** نیست بر قاضی ضمان کو نیست خرد 
  • When any one has died under the punishment and flagellation of the cadi no responsibility lies on the cadi, for he (the cadi) is not a person of small account.
  • نایب حقست و سایه‌ی عدل حق  ** آینه‌ی هر مستحق و مستحق 
  • He is God’s deputy and the shadow of God’s justice, the mirror (that displays the real nature) of every plaintiff and defendant;
  • کو ادب از بهر مظلومی کند  ** نه برای عرض و خشم و دخل خود 
  • For he inflicts correction for the sake of one who has been wronged, not for the sake of his honour or his anger or his income (profit).
  • چون برای حق و روز آجله‌ست  ** گر خطایی شد دیت بر عاقله‌ست 
  • Since it is (done) for the sake of God and the Day (of Judgement) hereafter, if a mistake is made (by him) the blood-wit falls upon the (dead man’s) kinsmen on the father’s side.
  • آنک بهر خود زند او ضامنست  ** وآنک بهر حق زند او آمنست  1515
  • He who strikes (and kills) for his own sake is (held) responsible, while he who strikes (and kills) for God’s sake is secure.
  • گر پدر زد مر پسر را و بمرد  ** آن پدر را خون‌بها باید شمرد 
  • If a father strikes his son and he (the son) dies, the father must pay the blood-price,
  • زانک او را بهر کار خویش زد  ** خدمت او هست واجب بر ولد 
  • Because he struck him for his own benefit, (since) it is the duty of the son to serve him (the father).
  • چون معلم زد صبی را شد تلف  ** بر معلم نیست چیزی لا تخف 
  • (But) when a teacher strikes a boy and he (the boy) perishes (is killed by the blows), nothing (in the way of penalty) is (imposed) on the teacher; no fear’
  • کان معلم نایب افتاد و امین  ** هر امین را هست حکمش همچنین 
  • For the teacher is a deputy (of God) and a trustee; and the ease of every trustee is the same as this
  • نیست واجب خدمت استا برو  ** پس نبود استا به زجرش کارجو  1520
  • It is not his (the boy’s) duty to serve his master (teacher) therefore in chastising him the master was not seeking benefit (for himself),
  • ور پدر زد او برای خود زدست  ** لاجرم از خونبها دادن نرست 
  • But if his father struck him, he struck for his own sake:’ consequently he was not freed from (responsibility for) paying the blood-price.
  • پس خودی را سر ببر ای ذوالفقار  ** بی‌خودی شو فانیی درویش‌وار 
  • Behead (your) selfhood, then, O (you who resemble the sword) Dhu ‘l-faqár: become a selfless naughted one like the dervish.
  • چون شدی بی‌خود هر آنچ تو کنی  ** ما رمیت اذ رمیتی آمنی 
  • When you have become selfless, everything that you do (is a case of)thou didst not throw when thou threwest, (and) you are safe.
  • آن ضمان بر حق بود نه بر امین  ** هست تفصیلش به فقه اندر مبین 
  • The responsibility lies on God, not on the trustee: ‘tis set forth plainly in (books of) jurisprudence.
  • هر دکانی راست سودایی دگر  ** مثنوی دکان فقرست ای پسر  1525
  • Every shop has a different (kind of) merchandise: the Mathnawi is the shop for (spiritual) poverty, O son.
  • در دکان کفشگر چرمست خوب  ** قالب کفش است اگر بینی تو چوب 
  • In the shoemaker’s shop there is fine leather: if you see wood (there), it is (only) the mould for the shoe.
  • پیش بزازان قز و ادکن بود  ** بهر گز باشد اگر آهن بود 
  • The drapers have (in their shops) silk and dun-coloured cloth: if iron be (there), it is (only to serve) for a yard-measure.
  • مثنوی ما دکان وحدتست  ** غیر واحد هرچه بینی آن بتست 
  • Our Mathnawi is the shop for Unity: anything that you see (there) except the One (God) is (only) an idol
  • بت ستودن بهر دام عامه را  ** هم‌چنان دان کالغرانیق العلی 
  • Know that to praise an idol for the purpose of ensnaring the vulgar is just like (the Prophet’s reference to) “the most exalted Cranes
  • خواندش در سوره‌ی والنجم زود  ** لیک آن فتنه بد از سوره نبود  1530
  • He recited it those words) quickly in the Súra (entitled) Wa’l-Najm, but it was a temptation (of the Devil), it was not (really) part of the Súra.
  • جمله کفار آن زمان ساجد شدند  ** هم سری بود آنک سر بر در زدند 
  • Thereupon all the infidels prostrated themselves (in worship): ‘twas a mystery (of Divine Wisdom), too, that they knocked their heads upon the door.