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1
3466-3515

  • And if you desire a parable of the hidden knowledge, relate the story of the Greeks and the Chinese.
  • ور مثالی خواهی از علم نهان ** قصه گو از رومیان و چینیان‌‌
  • The story of the contention between the Greeks and the Chinese in the art of painting and picturing.
  • قصه‌‌ی مری کردن رومیان و چینیان در علم نقاشی و صورتگری‌‌
  • The Chinese said, “We are the better artists”; the Greeks said, “The (superiority in) power and excellence belongs to us.”
  • چینیان گفتند ما نقاش‌‌تر ** رومیان گفتند ما را کر و فر
  • “I will put you to the test in this matter,” said the Sultan, “(and see) which of you are approved in your claim.”
  • گفت سلطان امتحان خواهم در این ** کز شماها کیست در دعوی گزین‌‌
  • When the Chinese and the Greeks presented themselves, the Greeks were more skilled in the knowledge (of the art of painting).
  • اهل چین و روم چون حاضر شدند ** رومیان از بحث در مکث آمدند
  • (Then) the Chinese said, “Hand over to us a particular room, and (let there be) one for you (as well).” 3470
  • چینیان گفتند یک خانه به ما ** خاص بسپارید و یک آن شما
  • There were two rooms with door facing door: the Chinese took one, the Greeks the other.
  • بود دو خانه مقابل دربدر ** ز آن یکی چینی ستد رومی دگر
  • The Chinese requested the King to give them a hundred colours: then that excellent (king) opened the treasury.
  • چینیان صد رنگ از شه خواستند ** پس خزینه باز کرد آن ارجمند
  • Every morning, by (his) bounty, the colours were dispensed from the treasury to the Chinese.
  • هر صباحی از خزینه رنگها ** چینیان را راتبه بود از عطا
  • The Greeks said, “No tints and pictures are proper for our work, (nothing is needed) except to remove the rust.”
  • رومیان گفتند نی نقش و نه رنگ ** در خور آید کار را جز دفع زنگ‌‌
  • They shut the door and went on burnishing: they became clear and pure like the sky. 3475
  • در فرو بستند و صیقل می‌‌زدند ** همچو گردون ساده و صافی شدند
  • There is a way from many-colouredness to colourlessness: colour is like the clouds, and colourlessness is a moon.
  • از دو صد رنگی به بی‌‌رنگی رهی است ** رنگ چون ابر است و بی‌‌رنگی مهی است‌‌
  • Whatsoever light and splendour you see in the clouds, know that it comes from the stars and the moon and the sun.
  • هر چه اندر ابر ضو بینی و تاب ** آن ز اختر دان و ماه و آفتاب‌‌
  • When the Chinese had finished their work, they were beating drums for joy.
  • چینیان چون از عمل فارغ شدند ** از پی شادی دهلها می‌‌زدند
  • The King entered and saw the pictures there: that (sight) was robbing him of his wits and understanding.
  • شه در آمد دید آن جا نقشها ** می‌‌ربود آن عقل را و فهم را
  • After that, he came towards the Greeks: they drew up the intervening curtain. 3480
  • بعد از آن آمد به سوی رومیان ** پرده را بالا کشیدند از میان‌‌
  • The reflexion of those (Chinese) pictures and works (of art) struck upon these walls which had been made pure (from stain).
  • عکس آن تصویر و آن کردارها ** زد بر این صافی شده دیوارها
  • All that he had seen there (in the Chinese room) seemed more beautiful here: ’twas snatching the eye from the socket.
  • هر چه آن جا دید اینجا به نمود ** دیده را از دیده خانه می‌‌ربود
  • The Greeks, O father, are the Súfís: (they are) without (independent of) study and books and erudition,
  • رومیان آن صوفیانند ای پدر ** بی‌‌ز تکرار و کتاب و بی‌‌هنر
  • But they have burnished their breasts (and made them) pure from greed and cupidity and avarice and hatreds.
  • لیک صیقل کرده‌‌اند آن سینه‌‌ها ** پاک از آز و حرص و بخل و کینه‌‌ها
  • That purity of the mirror is the attribute of the heart (which) receives the infinite form. 3485
  • آن صفای آینه وصف دل است ** کاو نقوش بی‌‌عدد را قابل است‌‌
  • That Moses (the perfect saint) holds in his bosom the formless infinite form of the Unseen (reflected) from the mirror of his heart.
  • صورت بی‌‌صورت بی‌‌حد غیب ** ز آینه‌‌ی دل تافت بر موسی ز جیب‌‌
  • Although that form is not contained in Heaven, nor in the empyrean nor the earth nor the sea nor the Fish,
  • گر چه آن صورت نگنجد در فلک ** نه به عرش و فرش و دریا و سمک‌‌
  • Because (all) those are bounded and numbered—(yet is it contained in the heart): know that the mirror of the heart hath no bound.
  • ز آن که محدود است و معدود است آن ** آینه‌‌ی دل را نباشد حد بدان‌‌
  • Here the understanding becomes silent or (else) it leads into error, because the heart is with Him (God), or indeed the heart is He.
  • عقل اینجا ساکت آمد یا مضل ** ز آنکه دل با اوست یا خود اوست دل‌‌
  • The reflexion of every image shines unto everlasting from the heart alone, both with plurality and without. 3490
  • عکس هر نقشی نتابد تا ابد ** جز ز دل هم با عدد هم بی‌‌عدد
  • Unto everlasting every new image that falls on it (the heart) is appearing therein without any veil.
  • تا ابد هر نقش نو کاید بر او ** می‌‌نماید بی‌‌حجابی اندر او
  • They that burnish (their hearts) have escaped from (mere) scent and colour: they behold Beauty at every moment without tarrying.
  • اهل صیقل رسته‌‌اند از بوی و رنگ ** هر دمی بینند خوبی بی‌‌درنگ‌‌
  • They have relinquished the form and husk of knowledge, they have raised the banner of the eye of certainty.
  • نقش و قشر علم را بگذاشتند ** رایت عین الیقین افراشتند
  • Thought is gone, and they have gained light: they have gained the throat (core and essence) and the sea (ultimate source) of gnosis.
  • رفت فکر و روشنایی یافتند ** نحر و بحر آشنایی یافتند
  • Death, of which all these (others) are sore afraid, this people (the perfect Súfís) are holding in derision. 3495
  • مرگ کاین جمله از او در وحشت‌‌اند ** می‌‌کنند این قوم بر وی ریشخند
  • None gains the victory over their hearts: the hurt falls on the oyster-shell, not on the pearl.
  • کس نیابد بر دل ایشان ظفر ** بر صدف آید ضرر نی بر گهر
  • Though they have let go grammar (nahw) and jurisprudence (fiqh), yet they have taken up (instead) the (mystical) self-effacement of (spiritual) poverty (faqr).
  • گر چه نحو و فقه را بگذاشتند ** لیک محو و فقر را برداشتند
  • Ever since the forms of the Eight Paradises have shone forth, they have found the tablets of their (the Súfís') hearts receptive.
  • تا نقوش هشت جنت تافته ست ** لوح دلشان را پذیرا یافته ست‌‌
  • They who dwell in God's seat of truth are higher than the Throne and the Footstool and the Void.
  • برترند از عرش و کرسی و خلا ** ساکنان مقعد صدق خدا
  • How the Prophet, on whom be peace, asked Zayd, “How art thou to-day and in what state hast thou risen?” and how Zayd answered him, saying, “This morning I am a true believer, O Messenger of Allah.”
  • پرسیدن پیغامبر علیه السلام مر زید را امروز چونی و چون برخاستی و جواب گفتن او که اصبحت مومنا یا رسول الله‌‌
  • One morning the Prophet said to Zayd, “How art thou this morning, O sincere comrade?” 3500
  • گفت پیغمبر صباحی زید را ** کیف اصبحت ای رفیق با صفا
  • He replied, “(This morning I am) a faithful servant of God.” Again he (the Prophet) said to him, “Where is thy token from the garden of Faith, if it has bloomed?”
  • گفت عبدا مومنا باز اوش گفت ** کو نشان از باغ ایمان گر شگفت‌‌
  • He said, “I have been athirst in the daytime, at night I have not slept because of love and burning griefs,
  • گفت تشنه بوده‌‌ام من روزها ** شب نخفته ستم ز عشق و سوزها
  • So that I passed through (and beyond) day and night, as the point of the spear passes through the shield;
  • تا ز روز و شب گذر کردم چنان ** که از اسپر بگذرد نوک سنان‌‌
  • For beyond (the realm of contraries) all religion is one: hundreds of thousands of years are the same as a single hour.
  • که از آن سو جمله‌‌ی ملت یکی ست ** صد هزاران سال و یک ساعت یکی ست‌‌
  • Eternity and everlastingness are unified (yonder): the understanding hath no way thither by means of inquiry.” 3505
  • هست ازل را و ابد را اتحاد ** عقل را ره نیست آن سو ز افتقاد
  • The Prophet said, “Where is the traveller's gift (that thou hast brought home) from this journey? Produce (a gift) suitable to the understanding of (intelligible to) the minds of this country (the phenomenal world).”
  • گفت از این ره کو رهاوردی بیار ** در خور فهم و عقول این دیار
  • Zayd said, “When (other) people see the sky, I behold the Throne of God with those who dwell there.
  • گفت خلقان چون ببینند آسمان ** من ببینم عرش را با عرشیان‌‌
  • The Eight Paradises and the Seven Hells are as visible to me as the idol to the idolater.
  • هشت جنت هفت دوزخ پیش من ** هست پیدا همچو بت پیش شمن‌‌
  • I am distinguishing the people (here), one by one, like wheat from barley in the mill,
  • یک به یک وامی‌‌شناسم خلق را ** همچو گندم من ز جو در آسیا
  • So that who is for Paradise and who shall be a stranger (to Paradise) is as clear to me as (the difference between) snake and fish.” 3510
  • که بهشتی کیست و بیگانه کی است ** پیش من پیدا چو مار و ماهی است‌‌
  • At the present time there hath been made manifest to this (illumined) class of men (what shall come to pass) on the Day when faces shall become white or black.
  • این زمان پیدا شده بر این گروه ** یوم تبیض و تسود وجوه‌‌
  • Before this (birth), however sinful the spirit was, it was in the womb (of the body) and was hidden from the people.
  • پیش از این هر چند جان پر عیب بود ** در رحم بود و ز خلقان غیب بود
  • The damned are they that are damned in the mother's womb: their state is known from the bodily marks.
  • الشقی من شقی فی بطن الام ** من سمات الجسم یعرف حالهم‌‌
  • The body, like a mother, is big with the spirit-child: death is the pangs and throes of birth.
  • تن چو مادر طفل جان را حامله ** مرگ درد زادن است و زلزله‌‌
  • All the spirits that have passed over (to the next life) are waiting to see in what state that proud spirit shall be born. 3515
  • جمله جانهای گذشته منتظر ** تا چگونه زاید آن جان بطر