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2
223-272

  • Again he would see his ass going along the road and falling now into a well and now into a ditch.
  • باز می‏دید آن خرش در راه رو ** گه به چاهی می‏فتاد و گه به گو
  • He was dreaming various unpleasant dreams; he was reciting the Fátiha and the Qári‘a.
  • گونه‏گون می‏دید ناخوش واقعه ** فاتحه می‏خواند او و القارعه‏
  • He said (to himself), “What can be done to help? My friends have hurried out: they have departed and made all the doors fast.” 225
  • گفت چاره چیست یاران جسته‏اند ** رفته‏اند و جمله درها بسته‏اند
  • Again he would say, “Oh, I wonder—that wretched servant! Did not he partake of bread and salt with us?
  • باز می‏گفت ای عجب آن خادمک ** نه که با ما گشت هم نان و نمک‏
  • I showed him nothing but courtesy and mildness: why should he on the contrary show hatred towards me?
  • من نکردم با وی الا لطف و لین ** او چرا با من کند بر عکس کین‏
  • Every enmity must rest on some cause; otherwise, our spiritual affinity would dictate faithfulness (in friendship).”
  • هر عداوت را سبب باید سند ** ور نه جنسیت وفا تلقین کند
  • Then he would say again, “When had Adam, the kind and generous, done an injury to Iblís?
  • باز می‏گفت آدم با لطف وجود ** کی بر آن ابلیس جوری کرده بود
  • What was done by man to snake and scorpion that they wish (to inflict) death and pain upon him? 230
  • آدمی مر مار و کژدم را چه کرد ** کاو همی‏خواهد مر او را مرگ و درد
  • To rend is the instinct of the wolf: after all, this envy is conspicuous in mankind.”
  • گرگ را خود خاصیت بدریدن است ** این حسد در خلق آخر روشن است‏
  • Again he would say, “It is wrong thus to think evil: why have I such thoughts against my brother?”
  • باز می‏گفت این گمان بد خطاست ** بر برادر این چنین ظنم چراست‏
  • Then he would say, “Prudence consists in your thinking evil: how shall he that thinks no evil remain unhurt?”
  • باز گفتی حزم سوء الظن تست ** هر که بد ظن نیست کی ماند درست‏
  • The Súfí was in (this) anxiety, and (meanwhile) the ass was in such a plight that—may it befall our enemies!
  • صوفی اندر وسوسه و آن خر چنان ** که چنین بادا جز ای دشمنان‏
  • That poor ass was amidst earth and stones, with his saddle crooked and his halter torn, 235
  • آن خر مسکین میان خاک و سنگ ** کژ شده پالان دریده پالهنگ‏
  • Killed (exhausted) by the journey, without fodder all the night long, now at the last gasp and now perishing.
  • خسته از ره جمله‏ی شب بی‏علف ** گاه در جان کندن و گه در تلف‏
  • All night the ass was repeating, “O God, I give up the barley; (but am I to have) less than one handful of straw?”
  • خر همه شب ذکر می‏کرد ای اله ** جو رها کردم کم از یک مشت کاه‏
  • With mute eloquence he was saying, “O Shaykhs, (have) some pity, for I am consumed (with anguish) because of this raw impudent rogue.”
  • با زبان حال می‏گفت ای شیوخ ** رحمتی که سوختم زین خام شوخ‏
  • What that ass suffered of pain and torment, the land-bird suffers (the same) in a flood of water.
  • آن چه آن خر دید از رنج و عذاب ** مرغ خاکی بیند اندر سیل آب‏
  • (All) that night till dawn the wretched ass, from exceeding hunger, rolled frequently on his side. 240
  • بس به پهلو گشت آن شب تا سحر ** آن خر بی‏چاره از جوع البقر
  • Day rose. The servant came at morn and at once laid the saddle firmly on the ass's back.
  • روز شد خادم بیامد بامداد ** زود پالان جست بر پشتش نهاد
  • After the fashion of ass-dealers he gave him two or three blows (with a goad): he did to the ass what is befitting from such a cur (as he was).
  • خر فروشانه دو سه زخمش بزد ** کرد با خر آن چه ز آن سگ می‏سزد
  • The sharpness of the sting set the ass jumping; where is the tongue (has an ass such a tongue) that he may describe his own state (feelings)?
  • خر جهنده گشت از تیزی نیش ** کو زبان تا خر بگوید حال خویش‏
  • Kervan halkının Sofinin eşeğini hasta sanmaları
  • گمان بردن کاروانیان که بهیمه ی صوفی رنجور است
  • When the Súfí mounted and got going, he (the ass) began to fall on his face every time,
  • چون که صوفی بر نشست و شد روان ** رو در افتادن گرفت او هر زمان‏
  • (And) every time the people (the travellers) lifted him up: they all thought he was ill. 245
  • هر زمانش خلق بر می‏داشتند ** جمله رنجورش همی‏پنداشتند
  • One would twist his ears hard, while another sought for the (lacerated) part under his bit,
  • آن یکی گوشش همی‏پیچید سخت ** و آن دگر در زیر گامش جست لخت‏
  • And another searched for the stone in his shoe, and another looked at the dirt in his eye.
  • و آن دگر در نعل او می‏جست سنگ ** و آن دگر در چشم او می‏دید زنگ‏
  • Also they were saying,“O Shaykh, what is the cause of this? Were not you saying yesterday, ‘Thanks (to God), this ass is strong’?”
  • باز می‏گفتند ای شیخ این ز چیست ** دی نمی‏گفتی که شکر این خر قوی است‏
  • He replied, “The ass that ate Lá hawl during the night cannot get along except in this manner.
  • گفت آن خر کاو به شب لاحول خورد ** جز بدین شیوه نداند راه کرد
  • Inasmuch as the ass's food by night was Lá hawl, he was glorifying God by night and (is engaged) in prostrating himself by day.” 250
  • چون که قوت خر به شب لاحول بود ** شب مسبح بود و روز اندر سجود
  • Most people are man-eaters: put no trust in their saying, “Peace to you.”
  • آدمی خوارند اغلب مردمان ** از سلام علیک‏شان کم جو امان‏
  • The hearts of all are the Devil's house: do not accept (listen to) the palaver of devilish men.
  • خانه‏ی دیو است دلهای همه ** کم پذیر از دیو مردم دمدمه‏
  • He that swallows Lá hawl from the breath (mouth) of the Devil, like that ass falls headlong in the fight.
  • از دم دیو آن که او لاحول خورد ** هم چو آن خر در سر آید در نبرد
  • Whoever swallows the Devil's imposture in this world and (swallows) veneration and deceit from the foe that has the face (semblance) of a friend,
  • هر که در دنیا خورد تلبیس دیو ** و ز عدوی دوست رو تعظیم و ریو
  • In the Way of Islam and on the bridge Sirát he will fall upon his head from giddiness, like that ass. 255
  • در ره اسلام و بر پول صراط ** در سر آید همچو آن خر از خباط
  • Beware! Do not hearken to the blandishments of the bad friend: espy the snare, do not walk securely on the earth.
  • عشوه‏های یار بد منیوش هین ** دام بین ایمن مرو تو بر زمین‏
  • See the hundred thousand devils who utter Lá hawl! O Adam, in the serpent behold Iblís!
  • صد هزار ابلیس لاحول آر بین ** آدما ابلیس را در مار بین‏
  • He gives (you) vain words, he says to you, “O my soul and beloved,” that he may strip the skin off his beloved, like a butcher.
  • دم دهد گوید ترا ای جان و دوست ** تا چو قصابی کشد از دوست پوست‏
  • He gives vain words that he may strip off your skin: woe to him that tastes opium from (the mouth of) enemies.
  • دم دهد تا پوستت بیرون کشد ** و ای او کز دشمنان افیون چشد
  • He lays his head at your feet (in flattery) and butcher-like gives (you) vain (wheedling) words, that he may shed your blood miserably. 260
  • سر نهد بر پای تو قصاب‏وار ** دم دهد تا خونت ریزد زار زار
  • Like a lion, hunt your prey yourself: leave (pay no heed to) the blandishment of stranger or kinsman.
  • همچو شیری صید خود را خویش کن ** ترک عشوه‏ی اجنبی و خویش کن‏
  • Know that the regard of the base is like that servant; ’tis better to have nobody (as your friend) than (to accept) the flattery of nobodies (worthless people).
  • همچو خادم دان مراعات خسان ** بی‏کسی بهتر ز عشوه‏ی ناکسان‏
  • Do not make your home in (other) men's land: do your own work, don't do the work of a stranger.
  • در زمین مردمان خانه مکن ** کار خود کن کار بیگانه مکن‏
  • Who is the stranger? Your earthen body, for the sake of which is (all) your sorrow.
  • کیست بیگانه تن خاکی تو ** کز بر ای اوست غمناکی تو
  • So long as you are giving your body greasy (rich) and sweet (food), you will not see fatness in your (spiritual) essence. 265
  • تا تو تن را چرب و شیرین می‏دهی ** جوهر خود را نبینی فربهی‏
  • If the body be set in the midst of musk, (yet) on the day of death its stench will become manifest.
  • گر میان مشک تن را جا شود ** روز مردن گند او پیدا شود
  • Do not put musk on your body, rub it on your heart. What is musk? The holy name of the Glorious (God).
  • مشک را بر تن مزن بر دل بمال ** مشک چه بود نام پاک ذو الجلال‏
  • The hypocrite puts musk on his body and puts his spirit at the bottom of the ash-pit.
  • آن منافق مشک بر تن می‏نهد ** روح را در قعر گلخن می‏نهد
  • On his tongue the name of God, and in his soul stenches (arising) from his infidel thought.
  • بر زبان نام حق و در جان او ** گندها از فکر بی‏ایمان او
  • In relation to him praise of God is (like) the herbage of the ash-pit: it is roses and lilies (growing) upon a dunghill. 270
  • ذکر با او همچو سبزه‏ی گلخن است ** بر سر مبر ز گل است و سوسن است‏
  • Those plants are certainly there on loan (and belong to somewhere else); the proper place for those flowers is the symposium and (the scene of) festivity.
  • آن نبات آن جا یقین عاریت است ** جای آن گل مجلس است و عشرت است‏
  • The good women come to the good men; there is (also the text) to the wicked men the wicked women. Mark!
  • طیبات آید به سوی طیبین ** للخبیثین الخبیثات است هین‏