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4
1669-1718

  • The increase of any (so-called) essence is a proof that it (the essence) is originated and subject to causes.
  • هست افزونی هر ذاتی دلیل ** کو بود حادث به علتها علیل
  • Commentary on "Moses conceived a fear in his heart: We said, ‘Fear not, verily thou wilt be the superior.’"
  • تفسیر اوجس فی نفسه خیفة موسی قلنا لا تخف انک انت الا علی
  • Moses said, “Magic too is a bewildering thing: how shall I act?—for this people have no discernment.” 1670
  • گفت موسی سحر هم حیران‌کنیست ** چون کنم کین خلق را تمییز نیست
  • God said, “I will produce discernment, I will make the undiscerning mind able to perceive (the truth).
  • گفت حق تمییز را پیدا کنم ** عقل بی‌تمییز را بینا کنم
  • Howbeit they (the magicians) have raised up foam, like the sea, thou, O Moses, wilt prevail: fear not!”
  • گرچه چون دریا برآوردند کف ** موسیا تو غالب آیی لا تخف
  • Magic was glorious in its own time: when the rod became a dragon, those (magic arts) were disgraced.
  • بود اندر عهده خود سحر افتخار ** چون عصا شد مار آنها گشت عار
  • Every one pretends to excellence and elegance: the stone of Death is the touchstone for (these) elegances.
  • هر کسی را دعوی حسن و نمک ** سنگ مرگ آمد نمکها را محک
  • Magic is gone and the miracle of Moses is past: as regards both, the bowl has fallen from the roof of (their) being. 1675
  • سحر رفت و معجزه‌ی موسی گذشت ** هر دو را از بام بود افتاد طشت
  • What has the noise of the bowl of magic left behind but execration? What has the noise of the bowl of religion left behind but sublimity?
  • بانگ طشت سحر جز لعنت چه ماند ** بانگ طشت دین به جز رفعت چه ماند
  • Since the touchstone has become hidden from man and woman, O adulterated coin, come now into line (with the genuine coin) and brag!
  • چون محک پنهان شدست از مرد و زن ** در صف آ ای قلب و اکنون لاف زن
  • ’Tis the time for thee to brag. Since the touchstone is absent, they will pass thee in honour from hand to hand.
  • وقت لافستت محک چون غایبست ** می‌برندت از عزیزی دست دست
  • The adulterated coin is ever saying to me arrogantly, “O pure gold, how am I inferior to thee?”
  • قلب می‌گوید ز نخوت هر دمم ** ای زر خالص من از تو کی کمم
  • The gold says, “Yes, O fellow-servant; but the touchstone is coming: be prepared.” 1680
  • زر همی‌گوید بلی ای خواجه‌تاش ** لیک می‌آید محک آماده باش
  • The death of the body is a (welcome) gift to the adepts of the mystery: what damage is (done by) the scissors to pure gold?
  • مرگ تن هدیه‌ست بر اصحاب راز ** زر خالص را چه نقصانست گاز
  • If the adulterated coin had seen the end in regard to itself, it would have become at first the black (thing) which it became in the end.
  • قلب اگر در خویش آخربین بدی ** آن سیه که آخر شد او اول شدی
  • Since (in that case) it would have become black at first, in confrontation (with the genuine coin) it would have been far from duplicity and damnation.
  • چون شدی اول سیه اندر لقا ** دور بودی از نفاق و از شقا
  • It would have sought the elixir of (Divine) grace; its reason would have prevailed over its hypocrisy.
  • کیمیای فضل را طالب بدی ** عقل او بر زرق او غالب بدی
  • Since it would have become broken-hearted on account of its (evil) state, it would have seen before it Him who mends them that are broken. 1685
  • چون شکسته‌دل شدی از حال خویش ** جابر اشکستگان دیدی به پیش
  • (When) it saw the end and became broken (contrite), it was at once bandaged by the Bone-setter.
  • عاقبت را دید و او اشکسته شد ** از شکسته‌بند در دم بسته شد
  • The (Divine) grace impelled the pieces of copper towards the elixir; the gilt (coin) remained deprived of (Divine) bounty.
  • فضل مسها را سوی اکسیر راند ** آن زراندود از کرم محروم ماند
  • O gilt one, do not make pretensions: recognise that thy purchaser will not (always) remain so blind.
  • ای زراندوده مکن دعوی ببین ** که نماند مشتریت اعمی چنین
  • The light of the place of congregation (at the Last Judgement) will cause their (the purchasers') eyes to see and will expose thy blindfolding (of them).
  • نور محشر چشمشان بینا کند ** چشم بندی ترا رسوا کند
  • Look at those who have seen the end: they are a cause of regret to souls (that lack such clairvoyance) and the envy of the eye. 1690
  • بنگر آنها را که آخر دیده‌اند ** حسرت جانها و رشک دیده‌اند
  • Look at those who have seen (only) the present: their inmost self is corrupt; they are radically decapitated (cut off from the Truth).
  • بنگر آنها را که حالی دیده‌اند ** سر فاسد ز اصل سر ببریده‌اند
  • To the seer of the present, who is in ignorance and doubt, both the true dawn and the false dawn are one (and the same).
  • پیش حالی‌بین که در جهلست و شک ** صبح صادق صبح کاذب هر دو یک
  • The false dawn has given a hundred thousand caravans to the wind of destruction, O youth.
  • صبح کاذب صد هزاران کاروان ** داد بر باد هلاکت ای جوان
  • There is no genuine money that has not a deceptive counterfeit: alas for the soul that does not possess the touchstone and scissors!
  • نیست نقدی کش غلط‌انداز نیست ** وای آن جان کش محک و گاز نیست
  • Warning the pretender to shun pretension and enjoining him to follow (the true guide).
  • زجر مدعی از دعوی و امر کردن او را به متابعت
  • Bú Musaylim said, “I myself am Ahmad (Mohammed): I have cunningly confounded the religion of Ahmad.” 1695
  • بو مسیلم گفت خود من احمدم ** دین احمد را به فن برهم زدم
  • Say to Bú Musaylim, “Do not behave with insolence: be not deluded by the beginning, regard the end.
  • بو مسیلم را بگو کم کن بطر ** غره‌ی اول مشو آخر نگر
  • Do not act thus as a guide from (with the motive of) greed for amassing (wealth and power): follow behind, in order that the Candle (the true guide) may go in front (of thee).”
  • این قلاوزی مکن از حرص جمع ** پس‌روی کن تا رود در پیش شمع
  • The Candle, like the moon, shows (clearly) the (traveller's) destination, and whether in this direction there is the grain (of spiritual welfare) or the place for the snare (of perdition).
  • شمع مقصد را نماید هم‌چو ماه ** کین طرف دانه‌ست یا خود دامگاه
  • Whether thou wilt or not, (so long as thou art) with the Lantern the form of falcon and the form of crow become visible (to thee).
  • گر بخواهی ور نخواهی با چراغ ** دیده گردد نقش باز و نقش زاغ
  • Otherwise, (beware, for) these crows have lit (the lantern of) fraud: they have learned the cry of the white falcons. 1700
  • ورنه این زاغان دغل افروختند ** بانگ بازان سپید آموختند
  • If a man learn the cry of the hoopoe, (yet) where is the mystery of the hoopoe and the message from Sabá?
  • بانگ هدهد گر بیاموزد فتی ** راز هدهد کو و پیغام سبا
  • Know (distinguish) the natural cry from the artificial one, (know) the crown of kings from the crown (crest) of hoopoes.
  • بانگ بر رسته ز بر بسته بدان ** تاج شاهان را ز تاج هدهدان
  • These shameless persons have attached to their tongues the speech of dervishes and the deep sayings of gnostics.
  • حرف درویشان و نکته‌ی عارفان ** بسته‌اند این بی‌حیایان بر زبان
  • Every destruction of an olden people that there was—(it was) because they deemed sandal-wood to be (common) wood.
  • هر هلاک امت پیشین که بود ** زانک چندل را گمان بردند عود
  • They had the discernment that should make that (difference) evident, but greed and cupidity make (men) blind and deaf. 1705
  • بودشان تمییز کان مظهر کند ** لیک حرص و آز کور و کر کند
  • The blindness of the (physically) blind is not far from (the Divine) mercy; ’tis the blindness of greed that is inexcusable.
  • کوری کوران ز رحمت دور نیست ** کوری حرص است که آن معذور نیست
  • Crucifixion (tribulation) inflicted by the King (God) is not far from mercy; the crucifixion (torment) of envy is not forgiven (by God).
  • چارمیخ شه ز رحمت دور نی ** چار میخ حاسدی مغفور نی
  • O fish, regard the end; do not regard the hook (which is concealed by the bait): evil appetite has bandaged (blindfolded) thine eye that sees the end.
  • ماهیا آخر نگر بنگر بشست ** بدگلویی چشم آخربینت بست
  • See the beginning and the end with both eyes: beware, do not be one-eyed like the accursed Iblís.
  • با دو دیده اول و آخر ببین ** هین مباش اعور چو ابلیس لعین
  • The one-eyed man is he who saw only the present—ignorant, like the beasts, of (what comes) after. 1710
  • اعور آن باشد که حالی دید و بس ** چون بهایم بی‌خبر از بازپس
  • Since the two eyes of an ox are (rated) as one eye (of a man) in (the case of) damages for (their) destruction—for it (the ox) hath no excellence—
  • چون دو چشم گاو در جرم تلف ** هم‌چو یک چشمست کش نبود شرف
  • Its two eyes are worth (only) a half of its value, inasmuch as thine eye is the support for its two eyes.
  • نصف قیمت ارزد آن دو چشم او ** که دو چشمش راست مسند چشم تو
  • But if thou destroy one eye of a son of Adam, by a statute (of the Law) thou must pay half of his value,
  • ور کنی یک چشم آدم‌زاده‌ای ** نصف قیمت لایقست از جاده‌ای
  • Because the human eye works alone by itself without (assistance from) the two eyes of a friend.
  • زانک چشم آدمی تنها به خود ** بی دو چشم یار کاری می‌کند
  • Since (the power of) the donkey's eye (to see) the beginning is not accompanied by (power to see) the end, it (the donkey) is in the same case as the one-eyed man, (even) if it has two eyes. 1715
  • چشم خر چون اولش بی آخرست ** گر دو چشمش هست حکمش اعورست
  • This topic hath no limit—and that light-minded (foolish) one is writing a letter in hope of loaves.
  • این سخن پایان ندارد وان خفیف ** می‌نویسد رقعه در طمع رغیف
  • The rest of the story of the slave’s writing a petition for his allowance.
  • بقیه‌ی نوشتن آن غلام رقعه به طلب اجری
  • Before (writing) the letter he went to the kitchen-stewerd and said, “O niggard of the kitchen of the generous king,
  • رفت پیش از نامه پیش مطبخی ** کای بخیل از مطبخ شاه سخی
  • ‘Tis far from him and from his magnanimity that this (small) amount (matter) of my allowance should come into his consideration.”
  • دور ازو وز همت او کین قدر ** از جری‌ام آیدش اندر نظر