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5
2936-2985

  • That which he (the Devil) wills, his desire (therein) is fulfilled: by whom (except him) shall my affairs be restored to prosperity?
  • آنک او خواهد مراد او شود  ** از کی کار من دگر نیکو شود 
  • Parable of the Devil at the door of the Merciful God.
  • مثل شیطان بر در رحمان 
  • God forfend! Whatsoever God wills shall come to pass. He is the Ruler over the worlds of space and non-spatiality.
  • حاش لله ایش شاء الله کان  ** حاکم آمد در مکان و لامکان 
  • Without His command no one in His kingdom shall add (so much as) the tip of a single hair.
  • هیچ کس در ملک او بی‌امر او  ** در نیفزاید سر یک تای مو 
  • The kingdom is His kingdom, the command is His: that Devil of His is the meanest dog at His door.
  • ملک ملک اوست فرمان آن او  ** کمترین سگ بر در آن شیطان او 
  • If a Turcoman's dog is lying at the door (of the tent), with his face and head resting on the threshold, 2940
  • ترکمان را گر سگی باشد به در  ** بر درش بنهاده باشد رو و سر 
  • (Though) the children of the house keep pulling his tail, he will be humble (submissive) in the children's hands.
  • کودکان خانه دمش می‌کشند  ** باشد اندر دست طفلان خوارمند 
  • If, however, a stranger pass by, he (the dog) will rush at him like a fierce lion;
  • باز اگر بیگانه‌ای معبر کند  ** حمله بر وی هم‌چو شیر نر کند 
  • For he is hard on the unbelievers: to a friend he is (as) the rose, to an enemy as the thorn.
  • که اشداء علی الکفار شد  ** با ولی گل با عدو چون خار شد 
  • He has become so faithful and vigilant on account of the tutmáj broth that the Turcoman has given him.
  • ز آب تتماجی که دادش ترکمان  ** آنچنان وافی شدست و پاسبان 
  • The dog, then, namely the Devil, whom God causes to exist and in whom He creates a hundred thoughts and cunning plans, 2945
  • پس سگ شیطان که حق هستش کند  ** اندرو صد فکرت و حیلت تند 
  • And whom He feeds with (men's) honours, so that he takes away the honour of the virtuous and the wicked—
  • آب روها را غذای او کند  ** تا برد او آب روی نیک و بد 
  • (For) the honour of the populace is the tutmáj broth by which the Devil-dog is fed—
  • این تتماجست آب روی عام  ** که سگ شیطان از آن یابد طعام 
  • Tell me, how should not his soul be devoted to the (Divine) decree at the door of the tent of Omnipotence?
  • بر در خرگاه قدرت جان او  ** چون نباشد حکم را قربان بگو 
  • Troop on troop of obedient and rebellious (devils), like the dog (of the Seven Sleepers) spreading his fore-paws on the threshold,
  • گله گله از مرید و از مرید  ** چون سگ باسط ذراعی بالوصید 
  • Are (stationed) like dogs at the door of the Cave of the Godhead, (eagerly) seeking the (Divine) command with every particle (of their bodies), and with every nerve agog (to hear the command), 2950
  • بر در کهف الوهیت چو سگ  ** ذره ذره امرجو بر جسته رگ 
  • (Namely), ‘O Devil-dog, inflict tribulation in order that (thou mayst see) how these creatures (of Mine) set foot on this Way.
  • ای سگ دیو امتحان می‌کن که تا  ** چون درین ره می‌نهند این خلق پا 
  • Continually rush (at them), prevent (them from advancing), and look to see who (among them) is female (weak) in respect of sincerity, and who is male (strong).’
  • حمله می‌کن منع می‌کن می‌نگر  ** تا که باشد ماده اندر صدق و نر 
  • For what purpose, then, is (the cry), ‘I take refuge (with God)’ when the Dog in his arrogance has run swiftly (to the attack)?
  • پس اعوذ از بهر چه باشد چو سگ  ** گشته باشد از ترفع تیزتگ 
  • This (cry), ‘I take refuge,’ is (as though you should say), ‘O Turcoman of Khitá, call thy dog off and leave the way clear,
  • این اعوذ آنست کای ترک خطا  ** بانگ بر زن بر سگت ره بر گشا 
  • That I may come to the door of thy tent and beg what I need from thy bounty and high estate.’ 2955
  • تا بیایم بر در خرگاه تو  ** حاجتی خواهم ز جود و جاه تو 
  • When the Turcoman is incapable of (restraining) the dog's fury, this (expression), ‘I take refuge,’ and this cry of distress are improper (inadmissible),
  • چونک ترک از سطوت سگ عاجزست  ** این اعوذ و این فغان ناجایزست 
  • (Since) the Turcoman too will say, ‘I take refuge from the dog; for I too am helpless against the dog in my home.
  • ترک هم گوید اعوذ از سگ که من  ** هم ز سگ در مانده‌ام اندر وطن 
  • Thou canst not come to this door, nor can I go forth from the door.’
  • تو نمی‌یاری برین در آمدن  ** من نمی‌آرم ز در بیرون شدن 
  • Now dust be on the head of the Turcoman and the stranger-guest, since one dog binds the necks of (subjugates) them both!
  • خاک اکنون بر سر ترک و قنق  ** که یکی سگ هر دو را بندد عنق 
  • God forfend! (If) the Turcoman utter a shout, what of the dog? (Even) a fierce lion would (be terrified and) vomit blood.” 2960
  • حاش لله ترک بانگی بر زند  ** سگ چه باشد شیر نر خون قی کند 
  • O thou who hast called thyself “the Lion of God,” for (many) years thou hast been powerless against a dog.
  • ای که خود را شیر یزدان خوانده‌ای  ** سالها شد با سگی در مانده‌ای 
  • How should this dog hunt on thy behalf when thou hast manifestly become a prey to the dog?
  • چون کند این سگ برای تو شکار  ** چون شکار سگ شدستی آشکار 
  • The reply of the Sunní (orthodox) believer to the Necessitarian infidel, and the proof by which he established the power of choice possessed by (every) servant of God. The Sunna is a road trodden by the feet of the prophets, on whom be peace. On the right hand of that road lies the desert of Necessity (jabr), where he (the Necessitarian) regards himself as having no power of choice and denies the (Divine) command and prohibition and employs (false) interpretation (ta’wíl); and from the (Divine) command and prohibition being denied there necessarily follows the denial of Paradise, since Paradise is the reward of those who obey the (Divine) command, while Hell is the reward of those who disobey it. I will not state to what else it ultimately leads: an indication is enough for the wise. And on the left hand of that road lies the desert of Free-will (qadar), where he (who holds that doctrine) regards the power of the Creator as overcome by the power of the creatures; and thence arise the corruptions (vicious opinions) which have been enumerated (above) by the Magian who was a Necessitarian.
  • جواب گفتن ممن سنی کافر جبری را و در اثبات اختیار بنده دلیل گفتن سنت راهی باشد کوفته‌ی اقدام انبیا علیهم‌السلام بر یمین آن راه بیابان جبر کی خود را اختیار نبیند و امر و نهی را منکر شود و تاویل کند و از منکر شدن امر و نهی لازم آید انکار بهشت کی جزای مطیعان امرست و دوزخ جزای مخالفان امر و دیگر نگویم بچه انجامد کی العاقل تکفیه الاشاره و بر یسار آن راه بیابان قدرست کی قدرت خالق را مغلوب قدرت خلق داند و از آن آن فسادها زاید کی آن مغ جبری بر می‌شمرد 
  • The true believer replied, “O Necessitarian, hear the words addressed (to you); you have said your say: lo, I bring the answer.
  • گفت ممن بشنو ای جبری خطاب  ** آن خود گفتی نک آوردم جواب 
  • You have seen your own game, O chess-player: (now) see your adversary's game in all its breadth and length.
  • بازی خود دیدی ای شطرنج‌باز  ** بازی خصمت ببین پهن و دراز 
  • You have read (to me) your letter of apology: (now) read the Sunní's letter. Why have you remained (an infidel)? 2965
  • نامه‌ی عذر خودت بر خواندی  ** نامه‌ی سنی بخوان چه ماندی 
  • You have discoursed in Necessitarian fashion on the (Divine) destiny: (now) hear from me the mystery thereof in (this) debate.
  • نکته گفتی جبریانه در قضا  ** سر آن بشنو ز من در ماجرا 
  • Beyond doubt we possess a certain power of choice: you cannot plainly deny the (inward) sense (of being free to choose).
  • اختیاری هست ما را بی‌گمان  ** حس را منکر نتانی شد عیان 
  • One never says ‘Come’ to a stone: how should any one request a brickbat to keep faith?
  • سنگ را هرگز بگوید کس بیا  ** از کلوخی کس کجا جوید وفا 
  • One never says to a human being, ‘Hey, fly!’ or ‘Come, O blind man, and look at me!’
  • آدمی را کس نگوید هین بپر  ** یا بیا ای کور تو در من نگر 
  • God hath said, ‘There is nothing intolerable (laid) upon the blind’: how should the Lord who bestows relief lay upon any one what is intolerable? 2970
  • گفت یزدان ما علی الاعمی حرج  ** کی نهد بر کس حرج رب الفرج 
  • Nobody says to a stone, ‘Thou hast come late’ or (to a stick), ‘Why didst thou strike a blow at me, O stick?’
  • کس نگوید سنگ را دیر آمدی  ** یا که چوبا تو چرا بر من زدی 
  • Will any one address demands like these to a person who is compelled, or strike a person who is excused (from complying with them)?
  • این چنین واجستها مجبور را  ** کس بگوید یا زند معذور را 
  • Command and prohibition and anger and conferment of honour and (bestowal of) rebuke concern him (only) who possesses the power of choice, O pure-bosomed one.
  • امر و نهی و خشم و تشریف و عتاب  ** نیست جز مختار را ای پاک‌جیب 
  • There is (such) a power of choice in regard to injustice and wrong-doing: this (is what) I meant by this Devil and carnal soul.
  • اختیاری هست در ظلم و ستم  ** من ازین شیطان و نفس این خواستم 
  • The power of choice resides in your inward part, (but) it does not wound its hand till it sees a Joseph. 2975
  • اختیار اندر درونت ساکنست  ** تا ندید او یوسفی کف را نخست 
  • The power of choice and the instinct (to choose) were (latent) in the soul: (when) it beheld his (Joseph's) face, then it spread wings and pinions (to fly towards him).
  • اختیار و داعیه در نفس بود  ** روش دید آنگه پر و بالی گشود 
  • When the dog is asleep its power of choice is lost, (but) when it sees the tripe it wags its tail.
  • سگ بخفته اختیارش گشته گم  ** چون شکنبه دید جنبانید دم 
  • A horse, too, whinnies when he sees barley, and when the meat is moved, the cat miauls.
  • اسپ هم حو حو کند چون دید جو  ** چون بجنبد گوشت گربه کرد مو 
  • Sight (of the desired object) is the means of moving the power of choice (to exert itself), just as a blowing (of breath) raises sparks from the fire.
  • دیدن آمد جنبش آن اختیار  ** هم‌چو نفخی ز آتش انگیزد شرار 
  • Therefore your power of choice is moved (to action) when Iblís becomes a go-between (dallála) and brings (to you) a message from Wís. 2980
  • پس بجنبد اختیارت چون بلیس  ** شد دلاله آردت پیغام ویس 
  • When he presents an object of desire to this person (who possesses the power of choice), the sleeping power unrolls itself (begins to move towards that object);
  • چونک مطلوبی برین کس عرضه کرد  ** اختیار خفته بگشاید نورد 
  • And (on the other hand), in despite of the Devil, the Angel presents (to you) good objects (of desire) and makes an outcry in your heart,
  • وآن فرشته خیرها بر رغم دیو  ** عرضه دارد می‌کند در دل غریو 
  • In order that your power to choose the good may be moved (to action); for, before presentation, these two dispositions (towards good or evil) are asleep.
  • تا بجنبد اختیار خیر تو  ** زانک پیش از عرضه خفتست این دو خو 
  • So the Angel and the Devil have become presenters (of good or evil objects of desire) for the purpose of setting the power of choice in motion.
  • پس فرشته و دیو گشته عرضه‌دار  ** بهر تحریک عروق اختیار 
  • Your power to choose good or evil is increased tenfold by inspirations (of the Angel) and suggestions (of the Devil). 2985
  • می‌شود ز الهامها و وسوسه  ** اختیار خیر و شرت ده کسه