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5
2962-2986

  • چون کند این سگ برای تو شکار  ** چون شکار سگ شدستی آشکار 
  • How should this dog hunt on thy behalf when thou hast manifestly become a prey to the dog?
  • جواب گفتن ممن سنی کافر جبری را و در اثبات اختیار بنده دلیل گفتن سنت راهی باشد کوفته‌ی اقدام انبیا علیهم‌السلام بر یمین آن راه بیابان جبر کی خود را اختیار نبیند و امر و نهی را منکر شود و تاویل کند و از منکر شدن امر و نهی لازم آید انکار بهشت کی جزای مطیعان امرست و دوزخ جزای مخالفان امر و دیگر نگویم بچه انجامد کی العاقل تکفیه الاشاره و بر یسار آن راه بیابان قدرست کی قدرت خالق را مغلوب قدرت خلق داند و از آن آن فسادها زاید کی آن مغ جبری بر می‌شمرد 
  • The reply of the Sunní (orthodox) believer to the Necessitarian infidel, and the proof by which he established the power of choice possessed by (every) servant of God. The Sunna is a road trodden by the feet of the prophets, on whom be peace. On the right hand of that road lies the desert of Necessity (jabr), where he (the Necessitarian) regards himself as having no power of choice and denies the (Divine) command and prohibition and employs (false) interpretation (ta’wíl); and from the (Divine) command and prohibition being denied there necessarily follows the denial of Paradise, since Paradise is the reward of those who obey the (Divine) command, while Hell is the reward of those who disobey it. I will not state to what else it ultimately leads: an indication is enough for the wise. And on the left hand of that road lies the desert of Free-will (qadar), where he (who holds that doctrine) regards the power of the Creator as overcome by the power of the creatures; and thence arise the corruptions (vicious opinions) which have been enumerated (above) by the Magian who was a Necessitarian.
  • گفت ممن بشنو ای جبری خطاب  ** آن خود گفتی نک آوردم جواب 
  • The true believer replied, “O Necessitarian, hear the words addressed (to you); you have said your say: lo, I bring the answer.
  • بازی خود دیدی ای شطرنج‌باز  ** بازی خصمت ببین پهن و دراز 
  • You have seen your own game, O chess-player: (now) see your adversary's game in all its breadth and length.
  • نامه‌ی عذر خودت بر خواندی  ** نامه‌ی سنی بخوان چه ماندی  2965
  • You have read (to me) your letter of apology: (now) read the Sunní's letter. Why have you remained (an infidel)?
  • نکته گفتی جبریانه در قضا  ** سر آن بشنو ز من در ماجرا 
  • You have discoursed in Necessitarian fashion on the (Divine) destiny: (now) hear from me the mystery thereof in (this) debate.
  • اختیاری هست ما را بی‌گمان  ** حس را منکر نتانی شد عیان 
  • Beyond doubt we possess a certain power of choice: you cannot plainly deny the (inward) sense (of being free to choose).
  • سنگ را هرگز بگوید کس بیا  ** از کلوخی کس کجا جوید وفا 
  • One never says ‘Come’ to a stone: how should any one request a brickbat to keep faith?
  • آدمی را کس نگوید هین بپر  ** یا بیا ای کور تو در من نگر 
  • One never says to a human being, ‘Hey, fly!’ or ‘Come, O blind man, and look at me!’
  • گفت یزدان ما علی الاعمی حرج  ** کی نهد بر کس حرج رب الفرج  2970
  • God hath said, ‘There is nothing intolerable (laid) upon the blind’: how should the Lord who bestows relief lay upon any one what is intolerable?
  • کس نگوید سنگ را دیر آمدی  ** یا که چوبا تو چرا بر من زدی 
  • Nobody says to a stone, ‘Thou hast come late’ or (to a stick), ‘Why didst thou strike a blow at me, O stick?’
  • این چنین واجستها مجبور را  ** کس بگوید یا زند معذور را 
  • Will any one address demands like these to a person who is compelled, or strike a person who is excused (from complying with them)?
  • امر و نهی و خشم و تشریف و عتاب  ** نیست جز مختار را ای پاک‌جیب 
  • Command and prohibition and anger and conferment of honour and (bestowal of) rebuke concern him (only) who possesses the power of choice, O pure-bosomed one.
  • اختیاری هست در ظلم و ستم  ** من ازین شیطان و نفس این خواستم 
  • There is (such) a power of choice in regard to injustice and wrong-doing: this (is what) I meant by this Devil and carnal soul.
  • اختیار اندر درونت ساکنست  ** تا ندید او یوسفی کف را نخست  2975
  • The power of choice resides in your inward part, (but) it does not wound its hand till it sees a Joseph.
  • اختیار و داعیه در نفس بود  ** روش دید آنگه پر و بالی گشود 
  • The power of choice and the instinct (to choose) were (latent) in the soul: (when) it beheld his (Joseph's) face, then it spread wings and pinions (to fly towards him).
  • سگ بخفته اختیارش گشته گم  ** چون شکنبه دید جنبانید دم 
  • When the dog is asleep its power of choice is lost, (but) when it sees the tripe it wags its tail.
  • اسپ هم حو حو کند چون دید جو  ** چون بجنبد گوشت گربه کرد مو 
  • A horse, too, whinnies when he sees barley, and when the meat is moved, the cat miauls.
  • دیدن آمد جنبش آن اختیار  ** هم‌چو نفخی ز آتش انگیزد شرار 
  • Sight (of the desired object) is the means of moving the power of choice (to exert itself), just as a blowing (of breath) raises sparks from the fire.
  • پس بجنبد اختیارت چون بلیس  ** شد دلاله آردت پیغام ویس  2980
  • Therefore your power of choice is moved (to action) when Iblís becomes a go-between (dallála) and brings (to you) a message from Wís.
  • چونک مطلوبی برین کس عرضه کرد  ** اختیار خفته بگشاید نورد 
  • When he presents an object of desire to this person (who possesses the power of choice), the sleeping power unrolls itself (begins to move towards that object);
  • وآن فرشته خیرها بر رغم دیو  ** عرضه دارد می‌کند در دل غریو 
  • And (on the other hand), in despite of the Devil, the Angel presents (to you) good objects (of desire) and makes an outcry in your heart,
  • تا بجنبد اختیار خیر تو  ** زانک پیش از عرضه خفتست این دو خو 
  • In order that your power to choose the good may be moved (to action); for, before presentation, these two dispositions (towards good or evil) are asleep.
  • پس فرشته و دیو گشته عرضه‌دار  ** بهر تحریک عروق اختیار 
  • So the Angel and the Devil have become presenters (of good or evil objects of desire) for the purpose of setting the power of choice in motion.
  • می‌شود ز الهامها و وسوسه  ** اختیار خیر و شرت ده کسه  2985
  • Your power to choose good or evil is increased tenfold by inspirations (of the Angel) and suggestions (of the Devil).
  • وقت تحلیل نماز ای با نمک  ** زان سلام آورد باید بر ملک 
  • Hence, when thy ritual prayer is finished, O excellent man, it behoves thee to offer a salutation to the Angels,