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1
1445-1494

  • دید آن مرشد که او ارشاد داشت ** تخم پاک اندر زمین پاک کاشت‌‌ 1445
  • That spiritual guide (‘Umar) perceived that he (the ambassador) possessed (the capacity for receiving) guidance: he sowed the good seed in the good soil.
  • سؤال کردن رسول روم از عمر
  • How the ambassador of Rúm questioned the Commander of the Faithful, may God be well-pleased with him.
  • مرد گفتش کای امیر المؤمنین ** جان ز بالا چون در آمد در زمین‌‌
  • The man said to him, “O Commander of the Faithful, how did the spirit come to the earth from above?
  • مرغ بی‌‌اندازه چون شد در قفص ** گفت حق بر جان فسون خواند و قصص‌‌
  • How did the infinite bird go into the cage?” He replied, “God recited spells and incantations over the spirit.
  • بر عدمها کان ندارد چشم و گوش ** چون فسون خواند همی‌‌آید به جوش‌‌
  • When He recites spells over the non-existences which have no eye or ear, they begin to stir.
  • از فسون او عدمها زود زود ** خوش معلق می‌‌زند سوی وجود
  • Because of His spells the non-existences at that very moment are dancing joyously into existence.
  • باز بر موجود افسونی چو خواند ** زو دو اسبه در عدم موجود راند 1450
  • When, again, He recited a spell over the existent, at His word the existent marched (back) post-haste into non-existence.
  • گفت در گوش گل و خندانش کرد ** گفت با سنگ و عقیق کانش کرد
  • He spake into the ear of the rose and made it laughing (blooming); He spake to the stone and made it a cornelian of the mine.
  • گفت با جسم آیتی تا جان شد او ** گفت با خورشید تا رخشان شد او
  • He spake to the body a sign (message), so that it became spirit; He spake to the sun, so that it became radiant.
  • باز در گوشش دمد نکته‌‌ی مخوف ** در رخ خورشید افتد صد کسوف‌‌
  • Again He breathes into its ear a fearful saying, and upon the face of the sun fall a hundred eclipses.
  • تا به گوش ابر آن گویا چه خواند ** کاو چو مشک از دیده‌‌ی خود اشک راند
  • Consider what that Speaker chanted into the ear of the cloud, so that it poured tears from its eye, like a waterskin.
  • تا به گوش خاک حق چه خوانده است ** کاو مراقب گشت و خامش مانده است‌‌ 1455
  • Consider what God has chanted into the ear of the earth, so that it became regardful and has (ever since) remained silent.”
  • در تردد هر که او آشفته است ** حق به گوش او معما گفته است‌‌
  • Whosoever in perplexity is sorely troubled, God has spoken the riddle into his ear,
  • تا کند محبوسش اندر دو گمان ** آن کنم کاو گفت یا خود ضد آن‌‌
  • That He may imprison him in two (doubtful) thoughts, (namely), “Shall I do that? He said that (bade me do that) or the contrary thereof?”
  • هم ز حق ترجیح یابد یک طرف ** ز آن دو یک را بر گزیند ز آن کنف‌‌
  • From (the decree of) God also, one side obtains the preponderance, and from that (Divine) quarter he chooses one of the two (alternatives).
  • گر نخواهی در تردد هوش جان ** کم فشار این پنبه اندر گوش جان‌‌
  • If thou wouldst not have the mind of thy spirit in (a state of) perplexity, do not stuff this cotton-wool into thy spiritual ear,
  • تا کنی فهم آن معماهاش را ** تا کنی ادراک رمز و فاش را 1460
  • So that thou mayst understand those riddles of His, so that thou mayst apprehend (both) the secret sign and the open.
  • پس محل وحی گردد گوش جان ** وحی چه بود گفتنی از حس نهان‌‌
  • Then the spiritual ear becomes the place where wahy (inspiration) descends. What is wahy? A speech hidden from sense-perception.
  • گوش جان و چشم جان جز این حس است ** گوش عقل و گوش ظن زین مفلس است‌‌
  • The spiritual ear and eye are other than this sense-perception, the ear of (discursive) reason and the ear of opinion are destitute of this (inspiration).
  • لفظ جبرم عشق را بی‌‌صبر کرد ** و آن که عاشق نیست حبس جبر کرد
  • The word “compulsion” (jabr) made me impatient (uncontrollable) for love's sake, while it confined in (the prison of) compulsion him who is not a lover.
  • این معیت با حق است و جبر نیست ** این تجلی مه است این ابر نیست‌‌
  • This is union with God, and it is not compulsion: this is the shining forth of the moon, this is not a cloud.
  • ور بود این جبر جبر عامه نیست ** جبر آن اماره‌‌ی خودکامه نیست‌‌ 1465
  • And if this be compulsion, it is not the compulsion of (suffered by) the vulgar: it is not the compulsion of (exerted by) the evil-commanding self-willed (soul).
  • جبر را ایشان شناسند ای پسر ** که خدا بگشادشان در دل بصر
  • O son, (only) they know (the real meaning of) compulsion in whose hearts God has opened the sight (of the spiritual eye).
  • غیب و آینده بر ایشان گشت فاش ** ذکر ماضی پیش ایشان گشت لاش‌‌
  • To them the unseen and the future became manifest; to them recollection of the past became naught.
  • اختیار و جبر ایشان دیگر است ** قطره‌‌ها اندر صدفها گوهر است‌‌
  • Their free-will and compulsion is different (from that of ordinary men): in oyster-shells drops (of rain) are pearls.
  • هست بیرون قطره‌‌ی خرد و بزرگ ** در صدف آن در خرد است و سترگ‌‌
  • Outside (of the shell) it is a drop of water, small or great, (but) within the shell it is a small or big pearl.
  • طبع ناف آهو است آن قوم را ** از برون خون و درونشان مشکها 1470
  • Those persons have the nature of the muskdeer's gland: externally they are (as) blood, while within them is the fragrance of musk.
  • تو مگو کاین مایه بیرون خون بود ** چون رود در ناف مشکی چون شود
  • Do not say, “This substance externally is blood: how should it become a musky perfume when it goes into the gland?”
  • تو مگو کاین مس برون بد محتقر ** در دل اکسیر چون گیرد گهر
  • Do not say, “This copper externally was despicable: how should it assume nobility in the heart (midst) of the elixir?”
  • اختیار و جبر در تو بد خیال ** چون در ایشان رفت شد نور جلال‌‌
  • In thee (the matter of) free-will and compulsion was a (mere) fancy, (but) when it went into them it became the light of (Divine) Majesty.
  • نان چو در سفره ست باشد آن جماد ** در تن مردم شود او روح شاد
  • When bread is (wrapped) in the tablecloth it is the inanimate thing (so-called), (but) in the human body it becomes the glad spirit (of life).
  • در دل سفره نگردد مستحیل ** مستحیلش جان کند از سلسبیل‌‌ 1475
  • It does not become transmuted in the heart of (within) the table-cloth: the (animal) soul transmutes it with (the water of) Salsabíl.
  • قوت جان است این ای راست خوان ** تا چه باشد قوت آن جان جان‌‌
  • O thou who readest aright, such is the power of the soul: what, then, must be the power of that Soul of soul?
  • گوشت پاره‌‌ی آدمی با عقل و جان ** می‌‌شکافد کوه را با بحر و کان‌‌
  • The piece of flesh which is Man, endowed with intelligence and soul, cleaves the mountain by means of water-channel and mine.
  • زور جان کوه کن شق حجر ** زور جان جان در انشق القمر
  • The strength of the mountain-riving soul is (shown in) the splitting of rocks; the strength of the Soul of soul in the moon was split asunder.
  • گر گشاید دل سر انبان راز ** جان به سوی عرش سازد ترک تاز
  • If the heart should open the lid of the wallet of (this) mystery, the soul would rush (in rapture) towards the highest heaven.
  • اضافت کردن آدم آن زلت را به خویشتن که ربنا ظلمناو اضافت کردن ابلیس گناه خود را به خدا که بما أغويتنی
  • How Adam imputed that fault (which he had committed) to himself, saying, “O Lord, we have done wrong,” and how Iblís imputed his own sin to God, saying, “Because Thou hast seduced me.”
  • کرد حق و کرد ما هر دو ببین ** کرد ما را هست دان پیداست این‌‌ 1480
  • Consider both the action of God and our action. Regard our action as existent. This is manifest.
  • گر نباشد فعل خلق اندر میان ** پس مگو کس را چرا کردی چنان‌‌
  • If the action of created beings be not in the midst (obviously existent), then say not to any one, “Why have you acted thus?
  • خلق حق افعال ما را موجد است ** فعل ما آثار خلق ایزد است‌‌
  • The creative act of God brings our actions into existence: our actions are the effects of the creative act of God.
  • ناطقی یا حرف بیند یا غرض ** کی شود یک دم محیط دو عرض‌‌
  • A speaker perceives either the letter (the literal form and articulation of his speech) or the purport (the meaning and intention of it): how should he comprehend two accidents (both the form and the meaning) at once?
  • گر به معنی رفت شد غافل ز حرف ** پیش و پس یک دم نبیند هیچ طرف‌‌
  • If he goes (turns his mind) to the spirit, he becomes unheedful of the letter: no eye sees forward and backward at the same moment.
  • آن زمان که پیش بینی آن زمان ** تو پس خود کی ببینی این بدان‌‌ 1485
  • At the time when you look in front, how at the same time can you look behind you? Recognise this.
  • چون محیط حرف و معنی نیست جان ** چون بود جان خالق این هر دوان‌‌
  • Inasmuch as the soul does not comprehend (both) the letter and the spirit, how should the soul be the creator of them both?
  • حق محیط جمله آمد ای پسر ** وا ندارد کارش از کار دگر
  • O son, (only) God comprehends all: the (one) action does not hinder Him from the other action.
  • گفت شیطان که بما أغویتنی ** کرد فعل خود نهان دیو دنی‌‌
  • Satan said Because Thou hast seduced me: the vile Devil concealed his own act.
  • گفت آدم که ظلمنا نفسنا ** او ز فعل حق نبد غافل چو ما
  • Adam said We have done wrong unto ourselves: he was not, like us, unheedful of the action of God.
  • در گنه او از ادب پنهانش کرد ** ز آن گنه بر خود زدن او بر بخورد 1490
  • From respect he concealed it (the action of God) in (regard to) the sin: by casting the sin upon himself he ate fruit (was blessed).
  • بعد توبه گفتش ای آدم نه من ** آفریدم در تو آن جرم و محن‌‌
  • After his repentance, He (God) said to him, “O Adam, did not I create in thee that sin and (those) tribulations?
  • نه که تقدیر و قضای من بد آن ** چون به وقت عذر کردی آن نهان‌‌
  • Was it not My foreordainment and destiny? How didst thou conceal that at the time of excusing thyself?”
  • گفت ترسیدم ادب نگذاشتم ** گفت هم من پاس آنت داشتم‌‌
  • He (Adam) said, “I was afraid, (so) I did not let respect go (did not fail to observe due respect).” He (God) said, “I too have observed it towards thee.”
  • هر که آرد حرمت او حرمت برد ** هر که آرد قند لوزینه خورد
  • Whoever brings reverence gets reverence (in return): whoever brings sugar eats almond-cake.