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4
402-451

  • منتهای اختیار آنست خود ** که اختیارش گردد اینجا مفتقد
  • In sooth the end of free-will is that his free-will should be lost here.
  • اختیاری را نبودی چاشنی ** گر نگشتی آخر او محو از منی
  • The free agent would feel no savour (spiritual delight) if at last he did not become entirely purged of egoism.
  • در جهان گر لقمه و گر شربتست ** لذت او فرع محو لذتست
  • If there is delicious food and drink in the world, (yet) his pleasure (in them) is (only) a branch of (derived from) the extinction of (worldly) pleasure.
  • گرچه از لذات بی‌تاثیر شد ** لذتی بود او و لذت‌گیر شد 405
  • Although he was unaffected by (worldly) pleasures, (yet) he was a man of (spiritual) pleasure and became the recipient of (that) pleasure.
  • شرح انما الممنون اخوة والعلماء کنفس واحدة خاصه اتحاد داود و سلیمان و سایر انبیا علیهم‌السلام کی اگر یکی ازیشان را منکر شوی ایمان به هیچ نبی درست نباشد و این علامت اتحادست کی یک خانه از هزاران خانه ویران کنی آن همه ویران شود و یک دیوار قایم نماند کی لانفرق بین احد منهم و العاقل یکفیه الاشارة این خود از اشارت گذشت
  • Explanation of "Verily, the Faithful are brothers, and the ‘ulamá (divines) are as one soul"; in particular, the oneness of David, Solomon, and all the other prophets, on whom be peace: if you disbelieve in one of them, (your) faith in any prophet will not be perfect; and this is the sign of (their) oneness, that if you destroy a single one of those thousands of houses, all the rest will be destroyed, and not a single wall will be left standing; for "We make no distinction between any of them (the prophets)." Indication is sufficient for him that hath intelligence: this goes even beyond indication.
  • گرچه بر ناید به جهد و زور تو ** لیک مسجد را برآرد پور تو
  • (God said to David), “Although it will not be accomplished by thy labour and strength, yet the Mosque will be erected by thy son.
  • کرده‌ی او کرده‌ی تست ای حکیم ** ممنان را اتصالی دان قدیم
  • His deed is thy deed, O man of wisdom: know that between the Faithful is an ancient union.”
  • ممنان معدود لیک ایمان یکی ** جسمشان معدود لیکن جان یکی
  • The Faithful are numerous, but the Faith is one: their bodies are numerous, but their soul is one.
  • غیرفهم و جان که در گاو و خرست ** آدمی را عقل و جانی دیگرست
  • Besides the understanding and soul which is in the ox and the ass, Man has another intelligence and soul;
  • باز غیرجان و عقل آدمی ** هست جانی در ولی آن دمی 410
  • Again, in the owner of that (Divine) breath there is a soul other than the human soul and intelligence.
  • جان حیوانی ندارد اتحاد ** تو مجو این اتحاد از روح باد
  • The animal soul does not possess oneness: seek not thou this oneness from the airy (vital) spirit.
  • گر خورد این نان نگردد سیر آن ** ور کشد بار این نگردد او گران
  • If this one eat bread, that one is not filled; and if this one bear a load, that one does not become laden;
  • بلک این شادی کند از مرگ او ** از حسد میرد چو بیند برگ او
  • Nay, but this one rejoices at the death of that one, and dies of envy when he sees that one's prosperity.
  • جان گرگان و سگان هر یک جداست ** متحد جانهای شیران خداست
  • The souls of wolves and dogs are separate, every one; the souls of the Lions of God are united.
  • جمع گفتم جانهاشان من به اسم ** کان یکی جان صد بود نسبت به جسم 415
  • I have spoken of their souls nominally (formally) in the plural, for that single soul is a hundred in relation to the body,
  • هم‌چو آن یک نور خورشید سما ** صد بود نسبت بصحن خانه‌ها
  • Just as the single light of the sun in heaven is a hundred in relation to the house-courts (on which it shines),
  • لیک یک باشد همه انوارشان ** چونک برگیری تو دیوار از میان
  • But when you remove the wall, all the lights (falling) on them are one.
  • چون نماند خانه‌ها را قاعده ** ممنان مانند نفس واحده
  • When the (bodily) houses have no foundation remaining, the Faithful remain one soul.
  • فرق و اشکالات آید زین مقال ** زانک نبود مثل این باشد مثال
  • Differences and difficulties arise from this saying, because this is not a (complete) similitude: it is (only) a comparison.
  • فرقها بی‌حد بود از شخص شیر ** تا به شخص آدمی‌زاد دلیر 420
  • Endless are the differences between the corporeal figure of a lion and the figure of a courageous son of man;
  • لیک در وقت مثال ای خوش‌نظر ** اتحاد از روی جانبازی نگر
  • But at the moment of (making) the comparison consider, O thou who hast good insight, their oneness in respect of hazarding their lives;
  • کان دلیر آخر مثال شیر بود ** نیست مثل شیر در جمله‌ی حدود
  • For, after all, the courageous man did resemble the lion, (though) he is not like the lion in all points of the definition.
  • متحد نقشی ندارد این سرا ** تا که مثلی وا نمایم من ترا
  • This abode (the world) does not contain any form (that is) one (with any other form), so that I might show forth to thee a (complete) similitude.
  • هم مثال ناقصی دست آورم ** تا ز حیرانی خرد را وا خرم
  • Still, I will bring to hand an imperfect comparison, that I may redeem thy mind from confusion.
  • شب بهر خانه چراغی می‌نهند ** تا به نور آن ز ظلمت می‌رهند 425
  • At night a lamp is placed in every house, in order that by its light they (the inmates) may be delivered from darkness.
  • آن چراغ این تن بود نورش چو جان ** هست محتاج فتیل و این و آن
  • That lamp is (like) this body, its light like the (animal) soul; it requires a wick and this and that.
  • آن چراغ شش فتیله‌ی این حواس ** جملگی بر خواب و خور دارد اساس
  • That lamp with six wicks, namely, these senses, is based entirely upon sleep and food.
  • بی‌خور و بی‌خواب نزید نیم دم ** با خور و با خواب نزید نیز هم
  • Without food and sleep it would not live half a moment; nor even with food and sleep does it live either.
  • بی‌فتیل و روغنش نبود بقا ** با فتیل و روغن او هم بی‌وفا
  • Without wick and oil it has no duration, and with wick and oil it is also faithless (transient),
  • زانک نور علتی‌اش مرگ‌جوست ** چون زید که روز روشن مرگ اوست 430
  • Inasmuch as its light, (being) related to (secondary) causes, is seeking death: how should it live when bright day is the death of it?
  • جمله حسهای بشر هم بی‌بقاست ** زانک پیش نور روز حشر لاست
  • Likewise all the human senses are impermanent, because they are naught in the presence of the Day of Resurrection.
  • نور حس و جان بابایان ما ** نیست کلی فانی و لا چون گیا
  • The light of the senses and spirits of our fathers is not wholly perishable and naught, like the grass;
  • لیک مانند ستاره و ماهتاب ** جمله محوند از شعاع آفتاب
  • But, like the stars and moonbeams, they all vanish in the radiance of the Sun.
  • آنچنان که سوز و درد زخم کیک ** محو گردد چون در آید مار الیک
  • ’Tis just as the smart and pain of the flea's bite disappears when the snake comes in to you (and bites you).
  • آنچنان که عور اندر آب جست ** تا در آب از زخم زنبوران برست 435
  • ’Tis just as the naked man jumped into the water, that in the water he might escape from the sting of the hornets:
  • می‌کند زنبور بر بالا طواف ** چون بر آرد سر ندارندش معاف
  • The hornets circle above (him), and when he puts out his head they do not spare him.
  • آب ذکر حق و زنبور این زمان ** هست یاد آن فلانه وان فلان
  • The water is recollection (dhikr) of God, and the hornet is the remembrance, during this time, of such-and-such a woman or such-and-such a man.
  • دم بخور در آب ذکر و صبر کن ** تا رهی از فکر و وسواس کهن
  • Swallow (hold) your breath in the water of recollection and show fortitude, that you may be freed from the old thought and temptation.
  • بعد از آن تو طبع آن آب صفا ** خود بگیری جملگی سر تا به پا
  • After that, you yourself will assume the nature of that pure water entirely from head to foot.
  • آنچنان که از آب آن زنبور شر ** می‌گریزد از تو هم گیرد حذر 440
  • As the noxious hornet flees from the water, so will it be afraid of (approaching) you.
  • بعد از آن خواهی تو دور از آب باش ** که بسر هم‌طبع آبی خواجه‌تاش
  • After that, be far from the water, if you wish; for in your inmost soul you are of the same nature as the water, O fellow-servant.
  • بس کسانی کز جهان بگذشته‌اند ** لا نیند و در صفات آغشته‌اند
  • Those persons, then, who have passed from the world are not naught (nonexistent), but they are steeped in the (Divine) Attributes.
  • در صفات حق صفات جمله‌شان ** هم‌چو اختر پیش آن خور بی‌نشان
  • All their attributes are (absorbed) in the Attributes of God, even as the star is (left) without trace in the presence of the sun.
  • گر ز قرآن نقل خواهی ای حرون ** خوان جمیع هم لدینا محضرون
  • If you demand a citation from the Qur’án, O recalcitrant, recite all of them shall be brought into Our presence.
  • محضرون معدوم نبود نیک بین ** تا بقای روحها دانی یقین 445
  • (The person denoted by the word) muhdarún (brought into the presence) is not non-existent (ma‘dúm). Consider (this) well, that you may gain certain knowledge of the everlasting life (baqá) of the spirits.
  • روح محجوب از بقا بس در عذاب ** روح واصل در بقا پاک از حجاب
  • The spirit debarred from everlasting life is exceedingly tormented; the spirit united (with God) in everlasting life is free from (every) barrier.
  • زین چراغ حس حیوان المراد ** گفتمت هان تا نجویی اتحاد
  • I have told you the purpose of this lamp of animal sense-perception. Beware of seeking to become one (with it in spirit).
  • روح خود را متصل کن ای فلان ** زود با ارواح قدس سالکان
  • Make your spirit, O such-and-such, to be united speedily with the holy spirits of the Travellers (on the mystic Way).
  • صد چراغت ار مرند ار بیستند ** پس جدا اند و یگانه نیستند
  • Your hundred lamps, then, whether they die (are extinguished) or whether they stand (and burn), are separate (from each other) and are not single.
  • زان همه جنگند این اصحاب ما ** جنگ کس نشنید اندر انبیا 450
  • On that account these companions of ours are all at war, (but) no one (ever) heard of war amongst the prophets,
  • زانک نور انبیا خورشید بود ** نور حس ما چراغ و شمع و دود
  • Because the light of the prophets was the Sun, (while) the light of our senses is lamp and candle and smoke.