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6
1532-1581

  • بعد ازین حرفیست پیچاپیچ و دور  ** با سلیمان باش و دیوان را مشور 
  • After this there is a perplexing and abstruse argument stay with Solomon and do not stir up the demons!
  • هین حدیث صوفی و قاضی بیار  ** وان ستمکار ضعیف زار زار 
  • Hark, relate the story of the St and the Cadi and the offender who was (so) feeble and wretchedly ill.
  • گفت قاضی ثبت العرش ای پسر  ** تا برو نقشی کنم از خیر و شر 
  • The Cadi said (to the Súfi), “Make the roof firm, O son, in order that I may decorate it with good and evil
  • کو زننده کو محل انتقام  ** این خیالی گشته است اندر سقام  1535
  • Where is the assailant? Where is that which is subject to vengeance? This man in (consequence of) sickness has become a (mere) phantom.
  • شرع بهر زندگان و اغنیاست  ** شرع بر اصحاب گورستان کجاست 
  • The law is for the living and self-sufficient: where (how) is the law (binding) upon the occupants of the graveyard?”
  • آن گروهی کز فقیری بی‌سرند  ** صد جهت زان مردگان فانی‌تراند 
  • The class (of men) who are headless (selfless) because of (their spiritual) poverty are in a hundred respects more naughted than those dead (and buried).
  • مرده از یک روست فانی در گزند  ** صوفیان از صد جهت فانی شدند 
  • The dead man is naughted (only) from one point of view, (namely), as regards loss (of bodily life); the Súfis have been naughted in a hundred respects.
  • مرگ یک قتلست و این سیصد هزار  ** هر یکی را خونبهایی بی‌شمار 
  • (Bodily) death is a single killing, while this (spiritual death) is three hundred thousand (killings), for each one of which there is a blood-price beyond reckoning.
  • گرچه کشت این قوم را حق بارها  ** ریخت بهر خونبها انبارها  1540
  • Though God hath killed these folk many a time, (yet) He hath poured forth (infinite) stores (of grace) in payment of the blood-price.
  • هم‌چو جرجیس‌اند هر یک در سرار  ** کشته گشته زنده گشته شصت بار 
  • Every one (of these martyrs) is inwardly like Jirjís (St George): they have been killed and brought to life (again) sixty times.
  • کشته از ذوق سنان دادگر  ** می‌بسوزد که بزن زخمی دگر 
  • From his delight in (being smitten by) the spear-point of the (Divine) Judge, the killed one is ever burning (in rapture) and crying. Strike another blow!”
  • والله از عشق وجود جان‌پرست  ** کشته بر قتل دوم عاشق‌ترست 
  • (I swear) by God, from love for the existence that fosters the spirit, the killed one longs (still) more passionately to be killed a second time.
  • گفت قاضی من قضادار حیم  ** حاکم اصحاب گورستان کیم 
  • The Cadi said, “I am the cadi for the living: how am I the judge of the occupants of the graveyard?
  • این به صورت گر نه در گورست پست  ** گورها در دودمانش آمدست  1545
  • 1f to outward seeming this man is not laid low in the grave, (yet) graves have entered into his household
  • بس بدیدی مرده اندر گور تو  ** گور را در مرده بین ای کور تو 
  • You have seen many a dead man in the grave: (now), O, blind one, see the grave in a dead man.
  • گر ز گوری خشت بر تو اوفتاد  ** عاقلان از گور کی خواهند داد 
  • If bricks from a grave have fallen on you, how should reason able persons seek redress from the grave?
  • گرد خشم و کینه‌ی مرده مگرد  ** هین مکن با نقش گرمابه نبرد 
  • Do not concern yourself with anger and hatred against a dead man: beware, do not wake war on (one who is as dead as) the pictures in a bath-house.
  • شکر کن که زنده‌ای بر تو نزد  ** کانک زنده رد کند حق کرد رد 
  • Give thanks that a living one did not strike you, for he whom the living one rejects is rejected of God.
  • خشم احیا خشم حق و زخم اوست  ** که به حق زنده‌ست آن پاکیزه‌پوست  1550
  • The anger of the living ones is God’s anger and His blows for that pure-skinned one is living through God.
  • حق بکشت او را و در پاچه‌ش دمید  ** زود قصابانه پوست از وی کشید 
  • God killed him and breathed on his trotters and quickly, like a butcher, stripped off his skin.
  • نفخ در وی باقی آمد تا مب  ** نفخ حق نبود چو نفخه‌ی آن قصاب 
  • The breath remains in him till (he reaches) the final bourn: the breathing of God is not as the breathing of the butcher.
  • فرق بسیارست بین النفختین  ** این همه زینست و آن سر جمله شین 
  • There is a great difference between the two breathings: this is wholly honour, while that (other) side is entirely, shame.
  • این حیات از وی برید و شد مضر  ** وان حیات از نفخ حق شد مستمر 
  • This (the latter) took life away from it (the slaughtered beast) and injured it, while by the breathing of God that (spiritual) life was made perpetual.
  • این دم آن دم نیست کاید آن به شرح  ** هین بر آ زین قعر چه بالای صرح  1555
  • This (Divine) breath is not a breath ‘that can be described hark, come up from the bottom of the pit to the top of the palace.
  • نیستش بر خر نشاندن مجتهد  ** نقش هیزم را کسی بر خر نهد 
  • ‘Tis not a sound legal decision to mount him (the defendant) on an ass (and parade him): does any one lay upon an ass a (mere) picture of firewood?
  • بر نشست او نه پشت خر سزد  ** پشت تابوتیش اولیتر سزد 
  • The back of an ass is not his proper seat: the back of a bier is more fitting for him.          
  • ظلم چه بود وضع غیر موضعش  ** هین مکن در غیر موضع ضایعش 
  • What is injustice? To put (a thing) out of its proper place: beware, do not let it be lost (by putting it) out of its place.”
  • گفت صوفی پس روا داری که او  ** سیلیم زد بی‌قصاص و بی‌تسو 
  • The Súfi said, “Then do you think it right for him to slap me without (my taking) retaliation and without (his paying) a farthing?
  • این روا باشد که خر خرسی قلاش  ** صوفیان را صفع اندازد بلاش  1560
  • Is it right that a big rascally bear should inflict slaps on Súfis for nothing?”
  • گفت قاضی تو چه داری بیش و کم  ** گفت دارم در جهان من شش درم 
  • The Cadi said (to the defendant), “What (coins) have you, larger or smaller?” He replied, “I have (only) six dirhems in the world.”
  • گفت قاضی سه درم تو خرج کن  ** آن سه دیگر را به او ده بی‌سخن 
  • Said the Cadi, “Spend three dirhems (on yourself) and give the other three to him without (any further) words.
  • زار و رنجورست و درویش و ضعیف  ** سه درم در بایدش تره و رغیف 
  • (For,” he thought to himself), “he (the defendant) is weak and ill and poor and infirm: he will need three dirhems for vegetables and loaves.”
  • بر قفای قاضی افتادش نظر  ** از قفای صوفی آن بد خوب‌تر 
  • His (the defendant’s) eye fall on the nape of the Cadi’s neck: it was better (more inviting) than the nape of the Súfi.
  • راست می‌کرد از پی سیلیش دست  ** که قصاص سیلیم ارزان شدست  1565
  • He raised his hand to slap it, saying (to himself), “The retaliation (penalty) for my slap has been made cheap.”
  • سوی گوش قاضی آمد بهر راز  ** سیلیی آورد قاضی را فراز 
  • He approached the Cadi’s ear (as though) for the purpose of (whispering) a secret, and dealt the Cadi a (severe) blow with his palm.
  • گفت هر شش را بگیرید ای دو خصم  ** من شوم آزاد بی خرخاش و وصم 
  • “O my two enemies,” he cried, “take all the six dirhems: (then) I shall be free (from care and) without trouble and anxiety.”
  • طیره شدن قاضی از سیلی درویش و سرزنش کردن صوفی قاضی را 
  • How the Cadi was incensed fry the slap of the poor (sick) man and how the Súfi taunted the Cadi.
  • گشت قاضی طیره صوفی گفت هی  ** حکم تو عدلست لاشپک نیست غی 
  • The Cadi was incensed. “Hey,” cried the Súfi, “your decision is just, no doubt (about it): there is no error.
  • آنچ نپسندی به خود ای شیخ دین  ** چون پسندی بر برادر ای امین 
  • O Shaykh of the (Mohammedan) religion, how can you approve for a brother (Moslem) what you disapprove for your self, O man of trust?
  • این ندانی که می من چه کنی  ** هم در آن چه عاقبت خود افکنی  1570
  • Don’t you know this, that (if) you dig a pit for me you will at last let yourself fall into the same pit?
  • من حفر برا نخواندی از خبر  ** آنچ خواندی کن عمل جان پدر 
  • Haven’t you read in the Traditions (of the Prophet), ‘Whoever digs a pit (for his brother will fall into it)’? Practise what you have read, O soul of your father!
  • این یکی حکمت چنین بد در قضا  ** که ترا آورد سیلی بر قفا 
  • This one judicial decision of yours was like this, for it has brought you a slap on the nape.
  • وای بر احکام دیگرهای تو  ** تا چه آرد بر سر و بر پای تو 
  • Alas for your other (unjust) decisions! (Consider) what (penalty) they will bring upon your head and feet.
  • ظالمی را رحم آری از کرم  ** که برای نفقه بادت سه درم 
  • From kindness you take pity on a wrong-doer, saying, ‘Mayst thou have three dirhems to spend (on food)!’
  • دست ظالم را ببر چه جای آن  ** که بدست او نهی حکم و عنان  1575
  • Cut off the wrong-doer’s hand: what occasion is there for you to put the control and reins in his hand?
  • تو بدان بز مانی ای مجهول‌داد  ** که نژاد گرگ را او شیر داد 
  • O you from whom justice is unknown, you resemble the goat that gave her milk to the wolf-cub.”
  • جواب دادن قاضی صوفی را 
  • The Cadi’s reply to the Súfi.
  • گفت قاضی واجب آیدمان رضا  ** هر قفا و هر جفا کارد قضا 
  • The Cadi said, “It is our duty to acquiesce, whatever slap or cruelty the (Divine) destiny may bring to pass.
  • خوش‌دلم در باطن از حکم زبر  ** گرچه شد رویم ترش کالحق مر 
  • I am inwardly pleased with the decision (inscribed) in the (Heavenly) Scrolls, though my face has become sour—for Truth is bitter.
  • این دلم باغست و چشمم ابروش  ** ابر گرید باغ خندد شاد و خوش 
  • This heart of mine is an orchard, and my eye is like the cloud: (when) the cloud weeps the orchard laughs joyously and happily.
  • سال قحط از آفتاب خیره‌خند  ** باغها در مرگ و جان کندن رسند  1580
  • In a year of drought the orchards are reduced to death and agony by the sun laughing unconscionably.
  • ز امر حق وابکوا کثیرا خوانده‌ای  ** چون سر بریان چه خندان مانده‌ای 
  • You have read in God’s Commandment (the words) and weep ye much: why have you remained grinning like a roast (sheep’s) head?