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1
1848-1872

  • How should my soul be meaner than the parrot? The soul ought to follow a good track like this.”
  • جان من کمتر ز طوطی کی بود ** جان چنین باید که نیکو پی بود
  • The harmfulness of being honoured by the people and of becoming conspicuous.
  • مضرت تعظیم خلق و انگشت نمای شدن‌‌
  • The body is cage-like: the body, amidst the cajoleries of those who come in and go out, became a thorn to the soul.
  • تن قفس شکل است تن شد خار جان ** در فریب داخلان و خارجان‌‌
  • This one says to him, “I will be thy confidant,” and that one says, “Nay, I am thy partner.” 1850
  • اینش گوید من شوم هم راز تو ** و آنش گوید نی منم انباز تو
  • This one says to him, “There is none in existence like thee for beauty and eminence and for kindness and liberality.”
  • اینش گوید نیست چون تو در وجود ** در جمال و فضل و در احسان و جود
  • That one says to him, “Both the worlds are thine, all our souls are thy soul's parasites.”
  • آنش گوید هر دو عالم آن تست ** جمله جانهامان طفیل جان تست‌‌
  • When he sees the people intoxicated with (desire for) him, because of arrogance he loses self-control.
  • او چو بیند خلق را سر مست خویش ** از تکبر می‌‌رود از دست خویش‌‌
  • He does not know that the Devil has cast thousands like him into the water of the river (of destruction).
  • او نداند که هزاران را چو او ** دیو افکنده ست اندر آب جو
  • The world's flattery and hypocrisy is a sweet morsel: eat less of it (eat it not), for it is a morsel full of fire. 1855
  • لطف و سالوس جهان خوش لقمه‌‌ای است ** کمترش خور کان پر آتش لقمه‌‌ای است‌‌
  • Its fire is hidden and its taste is manifest: its smoke becomes visible in the end.
  • آتشش پنهان و ذوقش آشکار ** دود او ظاهر شود پایان کار
  • Do not say, “How should I swallow that praise? He is speaking from desire (for reward): I am on his track (and see quite well what he is after).”
  • تو مگو آن مدح را من کی خورم ** از طمع می‌‌گوید او پی می‌‌برم‌‌
  • If your belauder should satirise you in public, your heart would burn for (many) days on account of those scorches (of vituperation).
  • مادحت گر هجو گوید بر ملا ** روزها سوزد دلت ز آن سوزها
  • Although you know that he (only) said it in disappointment because the hopes he had of you brought him no gain,
  • گر چه دانی کاو ز حرمان گفت آن ** کان طمع که داشت از تو شد زیان‌‌
  • (Yet) the effect thereof is remaining within you. The same experience happens to you in the case of praise. 1860
  • آن اثر می‌‌ماندت در اندرون ** در مدیح این حالتت هست آزمون‌‌
  • The effect of that too lasts for many days and becomes a source of arrogance and deception of the soul,
  • آن اثر هم روزها باقی بود ** مایه‌‌ی کبر و خداع جان شود
  • But it does not show itself, because praise is sweet; (in the case of blame) the evil shows itself, because blame is bitter.
  • لیک ننماید چو شیرین است مدح ** بد نماید ز آن که تلخ افتاد قدح‌‌
  • It (blame) is like (bitter) decoctions and pills which you swallow and for a long time you are in disturbance and pain,
  • همچو مطبوخ است و حب کان را خوری ** تا به دیری شورش و رنج اندری‌‌
  • Whereas, if you eat halwá (sweetmeat), its taste is momentary: this effect (i.e. the effect of the sweet meat), does not continue (i.e. is not felt during a long period of time) like the other (i.e. the effect of the bitter drug).
  • ور خوری حلوا بود ذوقش دمی ** این اثر چون آن نمی‌‌پاید همی‌‌
  • Since it does not endure (perceptibly), it endures imperceptibly: recognise every opposite by means of its opposite. 1865
  • چون نمی‌‌پاید همی‌‌پاید نهان ** هر ضدی را تو به ضد او بدان‌‌
  • When the effect of sugar endures (remains latent), after a while it produces boils that call for the lancet.
  • چون شکر پاید نهان تاثیر او ** بعد حینی دمل آرد نیش جو
  • The fleshly soul was made a Pharaoh by (receiving) many praises: be lowly of spirit through meekness, do not domineer.
  • نفس از بس مدحها فرعون شد ** کن ذلیل النفس هونا لا تسد
  • So far as you can, become a slave, do not be a monarch. Suffer blows: become like the ball, do not be the bat.
  • تا توانی بنده شو سلطان مباش ** زخم کش چون گوی شو چوگان مباش‌‌
  • Otherwise, when this elegance and beauty remains with you no more, you will be loathed by those companions.
  • ور نه چون لطفت نماند وین جمال ** از تو آید آن حریفان را ملال‌‌
  • The set of people who used to flatter you deceitfully, when they behold you will call you a devil. 1870
  • آن جماعت کت همی‌‌دادند ریو ** چون ببینندت بگویندت که دیو
  • When they see you at their doors, they all will cry, “Truly a dead man has risen from the grave.”
  • جمله گویندت چو بینندت به در ** مرده‌‌ای از گور خود بر کرد سر
  • (You will be) like the beardless youth whom they address as “Lord” that by this hypocrisy they may make entrap him.
  • همچو امرد که خدا نامش کنند ** تا بدین سالوس در دامش کنند