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1
2719-2768

  • این چنین حسها و ادراکات ما ** قطره‌‌ای باشد در آن نهر صفا
  • Our senses and perceptions, such as they are, are (but) a single drop in that pure river.
  • در نمد دوختن زن عرب سبوی آب باران را و مهر نهادن بر وی از غایت اعتقاد عرب‌‌
  • How the Arab's wife sewed the jug of rain-water in a felt cloth and put a seal on it because of the Arab's utter conviction (that it was a precious gift for the King).
  • مرد گفت آری سبو را سر ببند ** هین که این هدیه ست ما را سودمند 2720
  • “Yes,” said the husband, “stop up the mouth of the jug. Take care, for this is a gift that will bring us profit.
  • در نمد در دوز تو این کوزه را ** تا گشاید شه به هدیه روزه را
  • Sew this jug in felt, that the King may break his fast with our gift,
  • کاین چنین اندر همه آفاق نیست ** جز رحیق و مایه‌‌ی اذواق نیست‌‌
  • For there is no (water) like this in all the world: it is naught but pure wine and the source of pleasures (to the taste).”
  • ز آن که ایشان ز آبهای تلخ و شور ** دایما پر علت‌‌اند و نیم کور
  • (This he said) because they (people like him) are always full of infirmity and half-blind from (drinking) bitter and briny waters.
  • مرغ کآب شور باشد مسکنش ** او چه داند جای آب روشنش‌‌
  • The bird whose dwelling-place is the briny water, how should it know where to find in it the clear (and sweet) water?
  • این که اندر چشمه‌‌ی شور است جات ** تو چه دانی شط و جیحون و فرات‌‌ 2725
  • O thou whose abode is in the briny spring, how shouldst thou know the Shatt and the Jayhún and the Euphrates?
  • ای تو نارسته از این فانی رباط ** تو چه دانی محو و سکر و انبساط
  • O thou who hast not escaped from this fleeting caravanseray (the material world), how shouldst thou know (the meaning of) “self-extinction” and (mystical) “intoxication” and “expansion”?
  • ور بدانی نقلت از اب وز جد است ** پیش تو این نامها چون ابجد است‌‌
  • And if thou knowest, ’tis (by rote, like the knowledge) handed down to thee from father and grandfather: to thee these names are like abjad.
  • ابجد و هوز چه فاش است و پدید ** بر همه طفلان و معنی بس بعید
  • How plain and evident to all children are abjad and hawwaz, and (yet) the real meaning is far away (hard to reach).
  • پس سبو برداشت آن مرد عرب ** در سفر شد می‌‌کشیدش روز و شب‌‌
  • Then the Arab man took up the jug and set out to journey, carrying it along (with him) day and night.
  • بر سبو لرزان بد از آفات دهر ** هم کشیدش از بیابان تا به شهر 2730
  • He was trembling for the jug, in fear of Fortune's mischiefs: all the same, he conveyed it from the desert to the city (Baghdád).
  • زن مصلا باز کرده از نیاز ** رب سلم ورد کرده در نماز
  • His wife unrolled the prayer-rug in supplication; she made (the words) Rabbi sallim (Save, O Lord) her litany in prayer,
  • که نگه دار آب ما را از خسان ** یا رب آن گوهر بدان دریا رسان‌‌
  • Crying, “Keep our water safe from scoundrels! O Lord, let that pearl arrive at that sea!
  • گر چه شویم آگه است و پر فن است ** لیک گوهر را هزاران دشمن است‌‌
  • Although my husband is shrewd and artful, yet the pearl has thousands of enemies.
  • خود چه باشد گوهر آب کوثر است ** قطره‌‌ای زین است کاصل گوهر است‌‌
  • Pearl indeed! ’Tis the water of Kawthar: ’tis a drop of this that is the origin of the pearl.”
  • از دعاهای زن و زاری او ** وز غم مرد و گرانباری او 2735
  • Through the prayers and lamentation of the wife, and through the husband's anxiety and his patience under the heavy burden,
  • سالم از دزدان و از آسیب سنگ ** برد تا دار الخلافه بی‌‌درنگ‌‌
  • He bore it without delay, safe from robbers and unhurt by stones, to the seat of the Caliphate (the Caliph's palace).
  • دید درگاهی پر از انعامها ** اهل حاجت گستریده دامها
  • He saw a bountiful Court, (where) the needy had spread their nets;
  • دم به دم هر سوی صاحب حاجتی ** یافته ز آن در عطا و خلعتی‌‌
  • Everywhere, moment by moment, some petitioner gained (and carried away) from that Court a donation and robe of honour:
  • بهر گبر و مومن و زیبا و زشت ** همچو خورشید و مطر نی چون بهشت‌‌
  • ’Twas like sun and rain, nay, like Paradise, for infidel and true believer and good folk and bad.
  • دید قومی در نظر آراسته ** قوم دیگر منتظر برخاسته‌‌ 2740
  • He beheld some people arrayed (with favour) in the sight (of the Caliph), and others who had risen to their feet (and were) waiting (to receive his commands).
  • خاص و عامه از سلیمان تا به مور ** زنده گشته چون جهان از نفخ صور
  • High and low, from Solomon to the ant, they (all) had become quickened with life, like the world at the blast of the trumpet (on the Day of Resurrection).
  • اهل صورت در جواهر بافته ** اهل معنی بحر معنی یافته‌‌
  • The followers of Form were woven (entangled) in pearls, the followers of Reality had found the Sea of Reality.
  • آن که بی‌‌همت چه با همت شده ** و آن که با همت چه با نعمت شده‌‌
  • Those without aspiration—how aspiring had they become! and those of high aspiration—to what felicity had they attained!
  • در بیان آن که چنان که گدا عاشق کرم است و عاشق کریم، کرم کریم هم عاشق گداست اگر گدا را صبر بیش بود کریم بر در او آید و اگر کریم را صبر بیش بود گدا بر در او آید اما صبر گدا کمال گداست و صبر کریم نقصان اوست‌‌
  • Showing that, as the beggar is in love with bounty and in love with the bountiful giver, so the bounty of the bountiful giver is in love with the beggar: if the beggar have the greater patience, the bountiful giver will come to his door; and if the bountiful giver have the greater patience, the beggar will come to his door; but the beggar's patience is a virtue in the beggar, while the patience of the bountiful giver is in him a defect.
  • بانگ می‌‌آمد که ای طالب بیا ** جود محتاج گدایان چون گدا
  • A loud call was coming (to his ears): “Come, O seeker! Bounty is in need of beggars: (it is needy) like a beggar.
  • جود می‌‌جوید گدایان و ضعاف ** همچو خوبان کاینه جویند صاف‌‌ 2745
  • Bounty is seeking the beggars and the poor, just as fair ones who seek a clear mirror.
  • روی خوبان ز آینه زیبا شود ** روی احسان از گدا پیدا شود
  • The face of the fair is made beautiful by the mirror, the face of Beneficence is made visible by the beggar.
  • پس از این فرمود حق در و الضحی ** بانگ کم زن ای محمد بر گدا
  • Therefore on this account God said in the Súra Wa’d-Duhá, “O Mohammed, do not shout at (and drive away) the beggar.”
  • چون گدا آیینه‌‌ی جود است هان ** دم بود بر روی آیینه زیان‌‌
  • Inasmuch as the beggar is the mirror of Bounty, take care! Breath is hurtful to the face of the mirror.
  • آن یکی جودش گدا آرد پدید ** و آن دگر بخشد گدایان را مزید
  • In the one case, his (the giver's) bounty makes the beggar manifest (causes him to beg), while in the other case he (the giver), (without being asked), bestows on the beggars more (than they need).
  • پس گدایان آیت جود حق‌‌اند ** و آن که با حقند جود مطلق‌‌اند 2750
  • Beggars, then, are the evidentiary sign of God's bounty, and they that are with God are (united with) the Absolute Bounty;
  • و آن که جز این دوست او خود مرده‌‌ای است ** او بر این در نیست نقش پرده‌‌ای است‌‌
  • And every one except those two (types of beggar) is truly a dead man: he is not at this door (the Divine Court), he is (lifeless as) a picture (embroidered) on a curtain.
  • فرق میان آن که درویش است به خدا و تشنه‌‌ی خدا و میان آن که درویش است از خدا و تشنه‌‌ی غیر است‌‌
  • The difference between one that is poor for (desirous of) God and thirsting for Him and one that is poor of (destitute of) God and thirsting for what is other than He.
  • نقش درویش است او نی اهل نان ** نقش سگ را تو مینداز استخوان‌‌
  • He (that seeks other than God) is the (mere) picture of a dervish, he is not worthy of bread (Divine bounty): do not throw a bone to the picture of a dog!
  • فقر لقمه دارد او نی فقر حق ** پیش نقش مرده‌‌ای کم نه طبق‌‌
  • He wants a morsel of food, he does not want God: do not set dishes before a lifeless picture!
  • ماهی خاکی بود درویش نان ** شکل ماهی لیک از دریا رمان‌‌
  • The dervish that wants bread is a land-fish: (he has) the form of a fish, but (he is) fleeing from the sea.
  • مرغ خانه ست او نه سیمرغ هوا ** لوت نوشد او ننوشد از خدا 2755
  • He is a domestic fowl, not the Símurgh of the air: he swallows sweet morsels (of food), he does not eat from God.
  • عاشق حق است او بهر نوال ** نیست جانش عاشق حسن و جمال‌‌
  • He loves God for the sake of gain: his soul is not in love with (God's) excellence and beauty.
  • گر توهم می‌‌کند او عشق ذات ** ذات نبود وهم اسما و صفات‌‌
  • If he conceives that he is in love with the Essence (of God), conception of the (Divine) names and attributes is not the Essence.
  • وهم مخلوق است و مولود آمده ست ** حق نزاییده ست او لم یولد است‌‌
  • Conception is created; it has been begotten: God is not begotten, He is lam yúlad.
  • عاشق تصویر و وهم خویشتن ** کی بود از عاشقان ذو المنن‌‌
  • How should he that is in love with his own imagination and conception be one of them that love the Lord of bounties?
  • عاشق آن وهم اگر صادق بود ** آن مجاز او حقیقت کش شود 2760
  • If the lover of that (false) conception be sincere, that metaphor (unreal judgement) will lead him to the reality.
  • شرح می‌‌خواهد بیان این سخن ** لیک می‌‌ترسم ز افهام کهن‌‌
  • The exposition of this saying demands a commentary, but I am afraid of senile (feeble) minds.
  • فهم‌‌های کهنه‌‌ی کوته نظر ** صد خیال بد در آرد در فکر
  • Senile and short-sighted minds bring a hundred evil fancies into their thoughts.
  • بر سماع راست هر کس چیر نیست ** لقمه‌‌ی هر مرغکی انجیر نیست‌‌
  • Not every one is able to hear rightly: the fig is not a morsel for every little bird,
  • خاصه مرغی مرده‌‌ای پوسیده‌‌ای ** پر خیالی اعمیی بی‌‌دیده‌‌ای‌‌
  • Especially a bird that is dead, putrid; a blind, eyeless (fellow) filled with vain fancy.
  • نقش ماهی را چه دریا و چه خاک ** رنگ هندو را چه صابون و چه زاک‌‌ 2765
  • To the picture of a fish what is the difference between sea and land? To the colour of a Hindoo what is the difference between soap and black vitriol?
  • نقش اگر غمگین نگاری بر ورق ** او ندارد از غم و شادی سبق‌‌
  • If you depict the portrait on the paper as sorrowful, it has no lesson (learns nothing) of sorrow or joy.
  • صورتش غمگین و او فارغ از آن ** صورتش خندان و او ز آن بی‌‌نشان‌‌
  • Its appearance is sorrowful, but it is free from that (sorrow); (or) its appearance is smiling, but it has no (inward) impression of that (joy).
  • وین غم و شادی که اندر دل خفی است ** پیش آن شادی و غم جز نقش نیست‌‌
  • And this (worldly) sorrow and joy which are a lot (received) in the heart (which befall the heart) are naught but a picture in comparison with that (spiritual) joy and sorrow.